Żydzi, konwertyci, nowi chrześcijanie, marrani : dylematy wiary, tożsamości i egzystencji społeczności żydowskiej w Portugalii po przymusowej konwersji w 1497 roku

2012
journal article
article
dc.abstract.enJewish conversions to Catholicism on the Iberian Peninsula and the phenomenon of marranos connected with it extend to early middle ages. Yet neither the voluntary, nor forced Spanish conversions, nor the earlier conversions in Portugal should be identifi ed with the forced conversion of Jews, which happened in 1497 in Lisbon, to which is devoted the present article. The fi rst part of the article analyses the terminology of these events, in particular to the question of the proper and wrongful use of such terms as Marranos, New Christians, Crypto Jews, and Converts. The dilemmas connected with the phenomena of the marranos were connected with human dramas, outside danger, as well as the diffi culty of defi ning ones identity and integrity with a certain social group. Since one of the possible divisions within this group was determined by a decision to migrate, the Author has shortly described the causes of migration and entailing situation of the émigrés, who often returned to Judaism. Crypto Judaism is an incredibly original, multi aspect phenomenon, which cannot be presented in a schematic, shallow and one dimensional, concrete defi nition, what has been stressed in the article.pl
dc.abstract.plThe article presents processes, which took place within the Jewish communities in Portugal in effect of the forced conversion to Christianity in 1497. Special attention was paid to the proper defi nition and classifi cation of certain behaviors characteristic to those processes and which had impact on the development of their self identity. Differences between the notions of marranos, converts and New Christians are discussed as well. Author’s aim was to present the marranos as a complex the phenomenon, which should not be limited to crypto-Judaic practices.pl
dc.affiliationWydział Historycznypl
dc.contributor.authorOliwa-Żuk, Dominika - 161075 pl
dc.date.accession2019-07-03pl
dc.date.accessioned2019-07-03T11:45:19Z
dc.date.available2019-07-03T11:45:19Z
dc.date.issued2012pl
dc.date.openaccess0
dc.description.accesstimepo opublikowaniu
dc.description.number3-4 (219-220)pl
dc.description.physical305-328pl
dc.description.publication1,71pl
dc.description.versionostateczna wersja wydawcy
dc.description.volume55pl
dc.identifier.issn0025-1429pl
dc.identifier.projectROD UJ / OPpl
dc.identifier.urihttps://ruj.uj.edu.pl/xmlui/handle/item/78457
dc.identifier.weblinkhttp://journals.pan.pl/dlibra/publication/110982/edition/96271/contentpl
dc.languagepolpl
dc.language.containerpolpl
dc.rightsUdzielam licencji. Uznanie autorstwa - Użycie niekomercyjne - Bez utworów zależnych 3.0 Polska*
dc.rights.licenceCC-BY-NC-ND
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/legalcode*
dc.share.typeotwarte czasopismo
dc.subject.enJewspl
dc.subject.enMarranospl
dc.subject.enPortugalpl
dc.subject.enNew Christianspl
dc.subject.enidentitypl
dc.subject.enconvertspl
dc.subject.plżydzipl
dc.subject.plmarranipl
dc.subject.plPortugaliapl
dc.subject.plnowi chrześcijaniepl
dc.subject.pltożsamośćpl
dc.subject.plkonwertycipl
dc.subtypeArticlepl
dc.titleŻydzi, konwertyci, nowi chrześcijanie, marrani : dylematy wiary, tożsamości i egzystencji społeczności żydowskiej w Portugalii po przymusowej konwersji w 1497 rokupl
dc.title.alternativeJews, Converts, New Christians, Marranos : the dillemas of faith, identity and existence of the Jewish community in Portugal after enforced conversion of 1497pl
dc.title.journalStudia Historycznepl
dc.typeJournalArticlepl
dspace.entity.typePublication
dc.abstract.enpl
Jewish conversions to Catholicism on the Iberian Peninsula and the phenomenon of marranos connected with it extend to early middle ages. Yet neither the voluntary, nor forced Spanish conversions, nor the earlier conversions in Portugal should be identifi ed with the forced conversion of Jews, which happened in 1497 in Lisbon, to which is devoted the present article. The fi rst part of the article analyses the terminology of these events, in particular to the question of the proper and wrongful use of such terms as Marranos, New Christians, Crypto Jews, and Converts. The dilemmas connected with the phenomena of the marranos were connected with human dramas, outside danger, as well as the diffi culty of defi ning ones identity and integrity with a certain social group. Since one of the possible divisions within this group was determined by a decision to migrate, the Author has shortly described the causes of migration and entailing situation of the émigrés, who often returned to Judaism. Crypto Judaism is an incredibly original, multi aspect phenomenon, which cannot be presented in a schematic, shallow and one dimensional, concrete defi nition, what has been stressed in the article.
dc.abstract.plpl
The article presents processes, which took place within the Jewish communities in Portugal in effect of the forced conversion to Christianity in 1497. Special attention was paid to the proper defi nition and classifi cation of certain behaviors characteristic to those processes and which had impact on the development of their self identity. Differences between the notions of marranos, converts and New Christians are discussed as well. Author’s aim was to present the marranos as a complex the phenomenon, which should not be limited to crypto-Judaic practices.
dc.affiliationpl
Wydział Historyczny
dc.contributor.authorpl
Oliwa-Żuk, Dominika - 161075
dc.date.accessionpl
2019-07-03
dc.date.accessioned
2019-07-03T11:45:19Z
dc.date.available
2019-07-03T11:45:19Z
dc.date.issuedpl
2012
dc.date.openaccess
0
dc.description.accesstime
po opublikowaniu
dc.description.numberpl
3-4 (219-220)
dc.description.physicalpl
305-328
dc.description.publicationpl
1,71
dc.description.version
ostateczna wersja wydawcy
dc.description.volumepl
55
dc.identifier.issnpl
0025-1429
dc.identifier.projectpl
ROD UJ / OP
dc.identifier.uri
https://ruj.uj.edu.pl/xmlui/handle/item/78457
dc.identifier.weblinkpl
http://journals.pan.pl/dlibra/publication/110982/edition/96271/content
dc.languagepl
pol
dc.language.containerpl
pol
dc.rights*
Udzielam licencji. Uznanie autorstwa - Użycie niekomercyjne - Bez utworów zależnych 3.0 Polska
dc.rights.licence
CC-BY-NC-ND
dc.rights.uri*
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/legalcode
dc.share.type
otwarte czasopismo
dc.subject.enpl
Jews
dc.subject.enpl
Marranos
dc.subject.enpl
Portugal
dc.subject.enpl
New Christians
dc.subject.enpl
identity
dc.subject.enpl
converts
dc.subject.plpl
żydzi
dc.subject.plpl
marrani
dc.subject.plpl
Portugalia
dc.subject.plpl
nowi chrześcijanie
dc.subject.plpl
tożsamość
dc.subject.plpl
konwertyci
dc.subtypepl
Article
dc.titlepl
Żydzi, konwertyci, nowi chrześcijanie, marrani : dylematy wiary, tożsamości i egzystencji społeczności żydowskiej w Portugalii po przymusowej konwersji w 1497 roku
dc.title.alternativepl
Jews, Converts, New Christians, Marranos : the dillemas of faith, identity and existence of the Jewish community in Portugal after enforced conversion of 1497
dc.title.journalpl
Studia Historyczne
dc.typepl
JournalArticle
dspace.entity.type
Publication
Affiliations

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