Psychologiczne motywacje żołnierskiej brawury w świetle badań nad antyczną inwektywą

2014
journal article
article
dc.abstract.enThe contemporary research on the psychology of the battle field should take into consideration the fact that the ancients did not approach the phenomena relating to the sphere of psychology thoughtlessly and unrefl ectively, yet they looked upon them in a slightly different manner than the contemporary scholars. It was already Plato who defined the difference between the unequivocally positive courage resulting from the decision of the mind, and audacity being the fruit of extrarational or non-rational conditionings. The latter appraised positively or else in an ambivalent way in military circles, is regarded as one of the most strongly criticized faults in the political discourse. This ambivalence is well visible in the work of Ammianus Marcellinus which having been written at the close of the ancient era, may be perceived as the epitome of the ancient viewpoint also as regards this issue. An analysis of the various uses of the term audacia with reference to soldierly bravado reveals both the distinction between this attitude and real fortitude (fortitude), as well as its ambivalent appraisal. It seems that the reason of such an ambivalent appraisal may be the ancient man’s fear of those aspects of the human psyche which elude the control of the mind.pl
dc.affiliationWydział Historyczny : Instytut Historiipl
dc.contributor.authorStachura, Michał - 132042 pl
dc.date.accessioned2015-09-15T05:27:44Z
dc.date.available2015-09-15T05:27:44Z
dc.date.issued2014pl
dc.date.openaccess0
dc.description.accesstimepo opublikowaniu
dc.description.additionalStreszcz. ang. przy tekściepl
dc.description.number4pl
dc.description.physical819-827pl
dc.description.publication1pl
dc.description.seriesZeszyty Naukowe Uniwersytetu Jagiellońskiego
dc.description.versionostateczna wersja wydawcy
dc.description.volume141pl
dc.identifier.doi10.4467/20844069PH.14.039.2937pl
dc.identifier.eissn2084-4069pl
dc.identifier.isbn978-83-233-3880-2pl
dc.identifier.issn0083-4351pl
dc.identifier.projectROD UJ / Ppl
dc.identifier.seriesissn0860-0139
dc.identifier.urihttp://ruj.uj.edu.pl/xmlui/handle/item/15639
dc.languagepolpl
dc.language.containerpolpl
dc.rightsDozwolony użytek utworów chronionych*
dc.rights.licenceOTHER​
dc.rights.urihttp://ruj.uj.edu.pl/4dspace/License/copyright/licencja_copyright.pdf*
dc.share.typeotwarte czasopismo
dc.subject.enlate antiquitypl
dc.subject.enAmmianus Marcellinuspl
dc.subject.eninvectivepl
dc.subject.enaudaciapl
dc.subject.enthe psychology of battlepl
dc.subject.plpóźny antykpl
dc.subject.plAmmianus Marcellinuspl
dc.subject.plinwektywapl
dc.subject.plaudaciapl
dc.subject.plpsychologia pola walkipl
dc.subtypeArticlepl
dc.titlePsychologiczne motywacje żołnierskiej brawury w świetle badań nad antyczną inwektywąpl
dc.title.alternativePsychologial motivations of soldierly bravado in the light of research on ancient terms of abusepl
dc.title.journalZeszyty Naukowe Uniwersytetu Jagiellońskiego. Prace Historycznepl
dc.title.volumeStres pola bitwy od starożytności do dziśpl
dc.typeJournalArticlepl
dspace.entity.typePublication
dc.abstract.enpl
The contemporary research on the psychology of the battle field should take into consideration the fact that the ancients did not approach the phenomena relating to the sphere of psychology thoughtlessly and unrefl ectively, yet they looked upon them in a slightly different manner than the contemporary scholars. It was already Plato who defined the difference between the unequivocally positive courage resulting from the decision of the mind, and audacity being the fruit of extrarational or non-rational conditionings. The latter appraised positively or else in an ambivalent way in military circles, is regarded as one of the most strongly criticized faults in the political discourse. This ambivalence is well visible in the work of Ammianus Marcellinus which having been written at the close of the ancient era, may be perceived as the epitome of the ancient viewpoint also as regards this issue. An analysis of the various uses of the term audacia with reference to soldierly bravado reveals both the distinction between this attitude and real fortitude (fortitude), as well as its ambivalent appraisal. It seems that the reason of such an ambivalent appraisal may be the ancient man’s fear of those aspects of the human psyche which elude the control of the mind.
dc.affiliationpl
Wydział Historyczny : Instytut Historii
dc.contributor.authorpl
Stachura, Michał - 132042
dc.date.accessioned
2015-09-15T05:27:44Z
dc.date.available
2015-09-15T05:27:44Z
dc.date.issuedpl
2014
dc.date.openaccess
0
dc.description.accesstime
po opublikowaniu
dc.description.additionalpl
Streszcz. ang. przy tekście
dc.description.numberpl
4
dc.description.physicalpl
819-827
dc.description.publicationpl
1
dc.description.series
Zeszyty Naukowe Uniwersytetu Jagiellońskiego
dc.description.version
ostateczna wersja wydawcy
dc.description.volumepl
141
dc.identifier.doipl
10.4467/20844069PH.14.039.2937
dc.identifier.eissnpl
2084-4069
dc.identifier.isbnpl
978-83-233-3880-2
dc.identifier.issnpl
0083-4351
dc.identifier.projectpl
ROD UJ / P
dc.identifier.seriesissn
0860-0139
dc.identifier.uri
http://ruj.uj.edu.pl/xmlui/handle/item/15639
dc.languagepl
pol
dc.language.containerpl
pol
dc.rights*
Dozwolony użytek utworów chronionych
dc.rights.licence
OTHER​
dc.rights.uri*
http://ruj.uj.edu.pl/4dspace/License/copyright/licencja_copyright.pdf
dc.share.type
otwarte czasopismo
dc.subject.enpl
late antiquity
dc.subject.enpl
Ammianus Marcellinus
dc.subject.enpl
invective
dc.subject.enpl
audacia
dc.subject.enpl
the psychology of battle
dc.subject.plpl
późny antyk
dc.subject.plpl
Ammianus Marcellinus
dc.subject.plpl
inwektywa
dc.subject.plpl
audacia
dc.subject.plpl
psychologia pola walki
dc.subtypepl
Article
dc.titlepl
Psychologiczne motywacje żołnierskiej brawury w świetle badań nad antyczną inwektywą
dc.title.alternativepl
Psychologial motivations of soldierly bravado in the light of research on ancient terms of abuse
dc.title.journalpl
Zeszyty Naukowe Uniwersytetu Jagiellońskiego. Prace Historyczne
dc.title.volumepl
Stres pola bitwy od starożytności do dziś
dc.typepl
JournalArticle
dspace.entity.type
Publication
Affiliations

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