Austriacki Sejm Konstytucyjny doby Wiosny Ludów a nadzieje i rachuby polityczne galicyjskich Polaków

2005
journal article
article
dc.abstract.enThe greatest political achievement of the two Vienna revolutions - of March and May 1848 - was forcing emperor Ferdinand I to issue a proclamation calling to life the first National Diet in the history of Austria (Reichstag); the Diet’s main task was to draw up a constitution for the multi-national Habsburg monarchy. The emperor’s subjects received this decision with great satisfaction expecting that the new Parliament will lead to a fundamental restoration of Austria by transforming it from a police-absolutist state (which it had been until March 1848) into a liberal constitutional monarchy. For the Polish deputies from Galicia, similarly as for the representatives of other non-German nations inhabiting the Habsburg empire, the Austrian Constitutional Diet of the time of the Spring of Nations (which remained in session from July 1848 till March 1849) became the battleground for far-reaching, autonomous liberties, and even - as was demanded by the Polish deputies from Galicia - for becoming a separate state within a federalized Danubian monarchy. In accordance with the plan devised by Franciszek Smolka - a Polish deputy from Lubaczów, who had ultimately attained the post of president of this Diet, the thus politically „liberated” Galicia was to have played the role of a "nucleus of future Poland". The Polish deputies from Galicia, the majority of whom represented the Polish nobility and intelligentsia, belonged to the most active participants of the Austrian Parliament. Apart from the above-mentioned Franciszek Smolka, it was Florian Ziemiałkowski, a deputy from Lvov, who displayed great talent, particularly as regards lobbying and backstage political bargaining. Another Polish deputy, Leszek Dunin-Borkowski became known in the parliamentary circles as an excellent speaker. Both Smolka and Ziemiałkowski belonged to a 30-strong Constitutional Commission which prepared the draft of the Austrian Constitution. And although the above draft had never become valid law, as the successor of Ferdinand I, Franz Josef I, dissolved the Diet and restored absolutist rule, nonetheless the Austrian Diet of 1848-1849 fulfilled an important role. For it formulated certain political principles which exerted a strong influence on subsequent legislation - particularly the one which originated in the fifties and sixties of the 19th century, when following a decade of neo-absolutism, Austria had once again returned to constitutional rule.pl
dc.affiliationWydział Historycznypl
dc.contributor.authorDaszyk, Krzysztof - 127690 pl
dc.date.accession2019-11-20pl
dc.date.accessioned2019-11-20T10:20:43Z
dc.date.available2019-11-20T10:20:43Z
dc.date.issued2005pl
dc.date.openaccess0
dc.description.accesstimepo opublikowaniu
dc.description.physical71-97pl
dc.description.seriesZeszyty Naukowe Uniwersytetu Jagiellońskiego
dc.description.seriesnumber1279
dc.description.versionostateczna wersja wydawcy
dc.description.volume132pl
dc.identifier.eissn2084-4069pl
dc.identifier.issn0083-4351pl
dc.identifier.projectROD UJ / OPpl
dc.identifier.seriesissn0860-0139
dc.identifier.urihttps://ruj.uj.edu.pl/xmlui/handle/item/87447
dc.identifier.weblinkhttp://www.ejournals.eu/sj/index.php/PH/article/view/1042/1037pl
dc.languagepolpl
dc.language.containerpolpl
dc.rightsDozwolony użytek utworów chronionych*
dc.rights.licenceOTHER
dc.rights.urihttp://ruj.uj.edu.pl/4dspace/License/copyright/licencja_copyright.pdf*
dc.share.typeotwarte czasopismo
dc.subtypeArticlepl
dc.titleAustriacki Sejm Konstytucyjny doby Wiosny Ludów a nadzieje i rachuby polityczne galicyjskich Polakówpl
dc.title.alternativeThe Austrian Constitutional Diet at the time of the Spring of Nations and the political hopes of galician Polespl
dc.title.journalZeszyty Naukowe Uniwersytetu Jagiellońskiego. Prace Historycznepl
dc.typeJournalArticlepl
dspace.entity.typePublication
dc.abstract.enpl
The greatest political achievement of the two Vienna revolutions - of March and May 1848 - was forcing emperor Ferdinand I to issue a proclamation calling to life the first National Diet in the history of Austria (Reichstag); the Diet’s main task was to draw up a constitution for the multi-national Habsburg monarchy. The emperor’s subjects received this decision with great satisfaction expecting that the new Parliament will lead to a fundamental restoration of Austria by transforming it from a police-absolutist state (which it had been until March 1848) into a liberal constitutional monarchy. For the Polish deputies from Galicia, similarly as for the representatives of other non-German nations inhabiting the Habsburg empire, the Austrian Constitutional Diet of the time of the Spring of Nations (which remained in session from July 1848 till March 1849) became the battleground for far-reaching, autonomous liberties, and even - as was demanded by the Polish deputies from Galicia - for becoming a separate state within a federalized Danubian monarchy. In accordance with the plan devised by Franciszek Smolka - a Polish deputy from Lubaczów, who had ultimately attained the post of president of this Diet, the thus politically „liberated” Galicia was to have played the role of a "nucleus of future Poland". The Polish deputies from Galicia, the majority of whom represented the Polish nobility and intelligentsia, belonged to the most active participants of the Austrian Parliament. Apart from the above-mentioned Franciszek Smolka, it was Florian Ziemiałkowski, a deputy from Lvov, who displayed great talent, particularly as regards lobbying and backstage political bargaining. Another Polish deputy, Leszek Dunin-Borkowski became known in the parliamentary circles as an excellent speaker. Both Smolka and Ziemiałkowski belonged to a 30-strong Constitutional Commission which prepared the draft of the Austrian Constitution. And although the above draft had never become valid law, as the successor of Ferdinand I, Franz Josef I, dissolved the Diet and restored absolutist rule, nonetheless the Austrian Diet of 1848-1849 fulfilled an important role. For it formulated certain political principles which exerted a strong influence on subsequent legislation - particularly the one which originated in the fifties and sixties of the 19th century, when following a decade of neo-absolutism, Austria had once again returned to constitutional rule.
dc.affiliationpl
Wydział Historyczny
dc.contributor.authorpl
Daszyk, Krzysztof - 127690
dc.date.accessionpl
2019-11-20
dc.date.accessioned
2019-11-20T10:20:43Z
dc.date.available
2019-11-20T10:20:43Z
dc.date.issuedpl
2005
dc.date.openaccess
0
dc.description.accesstime
po opublikowaniu
dc.description.physicalpl
71-97
dc.description.series
Zeszyty Naukowe Uniwersytetu Jagiellońskiego
dc.description.seriesnumber
1279
dc.description.version
ostateczna wersja wydawcy
dc.description.volumepl
132
dc.identifier.eissnpl
2084-4069
dc.identifier.issnpl
0083-4351
dc.identifier.projectpl
ROD UJ / OP
dc.identifier.seriesissn
0860-0139
dc.identifier.uri
https://ruj.uj.edu.pl/xmlui/handle/item/87447
dc.identifier.weblinkpl
http://www.ejournals.eu/sj/index.php/PH/article/view/1042/1037
dc.languagepl
pol
dc.language.containerpl
pol
dc.rights*
Dozwolony użytek utworów chronionych
dc.rights.licence
OTHER
dc.rights.uri*
http://ruj.uj.edu.pl/4dspace/License/copyright/licencja_copyright.pdf
dc.share.type
otwarte czasopismo
dc.subtypepl
Article
dc.titlepl
Austriacki Sejm Konstytucyjny doby Wiosny Ludów a nadzieje i rachuby polityczne galicyjskich Polaków
dc.title.alternativepl
The Austrian Constitutional Diet at the time of the Spring of Nations and the political hopes of galician Poles
dc.title.journalpl
Zeszyty Naukowe Uniwersytetu Jagiellońskiego. Prace Historyczne
dc.typepl
JournalArticle
dspace.entity.type
Publication
Affiliations

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