"Zakat" : jałmużna i podatek we wczesnej tradycji muzułmańskiej (VII-IX wiek)

2003
journal article
article
dc.abstract.enThe vision of the theocratic state created by Muhammad, in which the spheres of sacrum and profanum constitute an inseparable whole may seem somewhat Utopian. Yet, one cannot deny the fact that in the first centuries of Islam, there were attempts to implement it. In the present article, we have tried to show how the acts of mercy, such as e.g. the giving of alms - zakat, recommended by the Koran, had gradually become an obligatory tax imposed by the Muslim state; the height of this tax had been precisely defined. It is also worth pointing out that in spite of the fact that zakat became a civic duty, it did not lose the character of a moral and religious obligation towards one’s coreligionists. On the example of the zakat alms or tax system, one can very well illustrate the phenomenon of a theocratic Muslim state. For, the legal order created by the Prophet and the first caliphs was a direct consequence of the religious injunctions. The fulfillment of all the legal norms by the Muslims had led them to the ultimate goal which was salvation. The idealistic assumption, that the mere awareness of a religious injunction, unaccompanied by this worldly penal sanction, may suffice to build an efficient fiscal system, did not stand the test of time as well as the challenges which the vast and in many cases extremely heterogeneous Muslim empire had to confront. It was Koran as well as the Hadith - that is collections of stories relating to the life of Muhammad and his disciples, making up the Sunnah, written down by Buchari, Muslim and Abu-David that formed the basis of the present analysis. Another source of the analysis was the oldest preserved legal treatise written by Abd al-Malik.pl
dc.affiliationWydział Historyczny : Instytut Historiipl
dc.contributor.authorMruk, Wojciech - 130801 pl
dc.date.accessioned2020-11-09T13:32:19Z
dc.date.available2020-11-09T13:32:19Z
dc.date.issued2003pl
dc.date.openaccess192
dc.description.accesstimepo opublikowaniu
dc.description.additionalStrona wydawcy: https://www.wuj.plpl
dc.description.number130pl
dc.description.physical7-19pl
dc.description.seriesZeszyty Naukowe Uniwersytetu Jagiellońskiego
dc.description.seriesnumber1262
dc.description.versionostateczna wersja wydawcy
dc.identifier.eissn2084-4069pl
dc.identifier.issn0083-4351pl
dc.identifier.projectROD UJ / OSpl
dc.identifier.seriesissn0860-0139
dc.identifier.urihttps://ruj.uj.edu.pl/xmlui/handle/item/253257
dc.languagepolpl
dc.language.containerpolpl
dc.rightsDozwolony użytek utworów chronionych*
dc.rights.licenceOTHER
dc.rights.urihttp://ruj.uj.edu.pl/4dspace/License/copyright/licencja_copyright.pdf*
dc.share.typeotwarte repozytorium
dc.subtypeArticlepl
dc.title"Zakat" : jałmużna i podatek we wczesnej tradycji muzułmańskiej (VII-IX wiek)pl
dc.title.alternative"The zakat" : alms and tax in the early Muslim tradition (7™-9™ c.)pl
dc.title.journalZeszyty Naukowe Uniwersytetu Jagiellońskiego. Prace Historycznepl
dc.typeJournalArticlepl
dspace.entity.typePublication
dc.abstract.enpl
The vision of the theocratic state created by Muhammad, in which the spheres of sacrum and profanum constitute an inseparable whole may seem somewhat Utopian. Yet, one cannot deny the fact that in the first centuries of Islam, there were attempts to implement it. In the present article, we have tried to show how the acts of mercy, such as e.g. the giving of alms - zakat, recommended by the Koran, had gradually become an obligatory tax imposed by the Muslim state; the height of this tax had been precisely defined. It is also worth pointing out that in spite of the fact that zakat became a civic duty, it did not lose the character of a moral and religious obligation towards one’s coreligionists. On the example of the zakat alms or tax system, one can very well illustrate the phenomenon of a theocratic Muslim state. For, the legal order created by the Prophet and the first caliphs was a direct consequence of the religious injunctions. The fulfillment of all the legal norms by the Muslims had led them to the ultimate goal which was salvation. The idealistic assumption, that the mere awareness of a religious injunction, unaccompanied by this worldly penal sanction, may suffice to build an efficient fiscal system, did not stand the test of time as well as the challenges which the vast and in many cases extremely heterogeneous Muslim empire had to confront. It was Koran as well as the Hadith - that is collections of stories relating to the life of Muhammad and his disciples, making up the Sunnah, written down by Buchari, Muslim and Abu-David that formed the basis of the present analysis. Another source of the analysis was the oldest preserved legal treatise written by Abd al-Malik.
dc.affiliationpl
Wydział Historyczny : Instytut Historii
dc.contributor.authorpl
Mruk, Wojciech - 130801
dc.date.accessioned
2020-11-09T13:32:19Z
dc.date.available
2020-11-09T13:32:19Z
dc.date.issuedpl
2003
dc.date.openaccess
192
dc.description.accesstime
po opublikowaniu
dc.description.additionalpl
Strona wydawcy: https://www.wuj.pl
dc.description.numberpl
130
dc.description.physicalpl
7-19
dc.description.series
Zeszyty Naukowe Uniwersytetu Jagiellońskiego
dc.description.seriesnumber
1262
dc.description.version
ostateczna wersja wydawcy
dc.identifier.eissnpl
2084-4069
dc.identifier.issnpl
0083-4351
dc.identifier.projectpl
ROD UJ / OS
dc.identifier.seriesissn
0860-0139
dc.identifier.uri
https://ruj.uj.edu.pl/xmlui/handle/item/253257
dc.languagepl
pol
dc.language.containerpl
pol
dc.rights*
Dozwolony użytek utworów chronionych
dc.rights.licence
OTHER
dc.rights.uri*
http://ruj.uj.edu.pl/4dspace/License/copyright/licencja_copyright.pdf
dc.share.type
otwarte repozytorium
dc.subtypepl
Article
dc.titlepl
"Zakat" : jałmużna i podatek we wczesnej tradycji muzułmańskiej (VII-IX wiek)
dc.title.alternativepl
"The zakat" : alms and tax in the early Muslim tradition (7™-9™ c.)
dc.title.journalpl
Zeszyty Naukowe Uniwersytetu Jagiellońskiego. Prace Historyczne
dc.typepl
JournalArticle
dspace.entity.type
Publication
Affiliations

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