Konstytutywne cechy mitu "żydokomuny" w Polsce w latach 1944-1947 : próba analizy

2007
journal article
article
dc.abstract.enThe myth of the "Jewish communist communities" which functioned in the inter-war Poland, revived anew in the years 1944-1947. It was a phenomenon which was seemingly paradoxical as only a small percentage of the Jews who had formerly lived on Polish territories survived the war and the unprecedented tragedy of the Jewish population should have put a definite end to the anti-Semitic stereotypes. However, after the war, over a hundred thousand Jews returned to Poland, particularly from the territories of the USSR. In the new, post-war reality, it was only the Jewish minority that had officially gained recognition and obtained permission to set up its own political parties, together with young people’s extensions, its own schooling system, economic powerbase, cooperatives, farms and kibbutzes. Moreover, a disproportionately big number of Jews obtained positions in the power apparatus, and above all in the structures of repression of the communist state. The Jews made up as much as 27% of the total number of members of the counter-intelligence service at the Ministry of Public Security; 50% of the employees of the Press Control Department and 13% of the executives in the entire Ministry of Public Security were of Jewish descent. Despite the fact that by entering the communist power system, the Jews definitely severed their ties with the Jewish religion, tradition and the identity of their ancestors, yet according to the Polish nationalist parties and many individual Polish citizens, tainted by the nationalist atmosphere of I World War, they belonged to the stereotype of the "Jewish communist community", understood here as an element of the plot of the international Jewry which used communism as an instrument of wielding control over the world. The above view, which was corroborated by the traditional anti-Semitism of a large section of the Polish society, as well as the ignorance and prejudice of the common people, and sometimes constituted the goal of conscious provocations of the authorities - was conducive to an aversion and hatred of the Jews as well as Jewish pogroms. Taking into consideration the amount of the clandestinely published press publications and leaflets, the myth of the Jewish "conspiracy" had found its way to a considerable numbers of Poles; yet it is impossible to define precisely the number of Polish citizens who really professed it.pl
dc.affiliationWydział Historycznypl
dc.contributor.authorSołtysik, Aleksander - 155874 pl
dc.date.accession2019-11-20pl
dc.date.accessioned2019-11-20T06:20:27Z
dc.date.available2019-11-20T06:20:27Z
dc.date.issued2007pl
dc.date.openaccess0
dc.description.accesstimew momencie opublikowania
dc.description.physical143-162pl
dc.description.seriesZeszyty Naukowe Uniwersytetu Jagiellońskiego
dc.description.seriesnumber1291
dc.description.versionostateczna wersja wydawcy
dc.description.volume134pl
dc.identifier.eissn2084-4069pl
dc.identifier.issn0083-4351pl
dc.identifier.projectROD UJ / OPpl
dc.identifier.seriesissn0860-0139
dc.identifier.urihttps://ruj.uj.edu.pl/xmlui/handle/item/87404
dc.identifier.weblinkhttp://www.ejournals.eu/pliki/art/4230/plpl
dc.languagepolpl
dc.language.containerpolpl
dc.rightsDozwolony użytek utworów chronionych*
dc.rights.licenceOTHER
dc.rights.urihttp://ruj.uj.edu.pl/4dspace/License/copyright/licencja_copyright.pdf*
dc.share.typeotwarte czasopismo
dc.subtypeArticlepl
dc.titleKonstytutywne cechy mitu "żydokomuny" w Polsce w latach 1944-1947 : próba analizypl
dc.title.alternativeConstitutive features of the myth of the "Jewish communist community" in Poland in the years 1944-1947 : an attempt at an analysispl
dc.title.journalZeszyty Naukowe Uniwersytetu Jagiellońskiego. Prace Historycznepl
dc.typeJournalArticlepl
dspace.entity.typePublication
dc.abstract.enpl
The myth of the "Jewish communist communities" which functioned in the inter-war Poland, revived anew in the years 1944-1947. It was a phenomenon which was seemingly paradoxical as only a small percentage of the Jews who had formerly lived on Polish territories survived the war and the unprecedented tragedy of the Jewish population should have put a definite end to the anti-Semitic stereotypes. However, after the war, over a hundred thousand Jews returned to Poland, particularly from the territories of the USSR. In the new, post-war reality, it was only the Jewish minority that had officially gained recognition and obtained permission to set up its own political parties, together with young people’s extensions, its own schooling system, economic powerbase, cooperatives, farms and kibbutzes. Moreover, a disproportionately big number of Jews obtained positions in the power apparatus, and above all in the structures of repression of the communist state. The Jews made up as much as 27% of the total number of members of the counter-intelligence service at the Ministry of Public Security; 50% of the employees of the Press Control Department and 13% of the executives in the entire Ministry of Public Security were of Jewish descent. Despite the fact that by entering the communist power system, the Jews definitely severed their ties with the Jewish religion, tradition and the identity of their ancestors, yet according to the Polish nationalist parties and many individual Polish citizens, tainted by the nationalist atmosphere of I World War, they belonged to the stereotype of the "Jewish communist community", understood here as an element of the plot of the international Jewry which used communism as an instrument of wielding control over the world. The above view, which was corroborated by the traditional anti-Semitism of a large section of the Polish society, as well as the ignorance and prejudice of the common people, and sometimes constituted the goal of conscious provocations of the authorities - was conducive to an aversion and hatred of the Jews as well as Jewish pogroms. Taking into consideration the amount of the clandestinely published press publications and leaflets, the myth of the Jewish "conspiracy" had found its way to a considerable numbers of Poles; yet it is impossible to define precisely the number of Polish citizens who really professed it.
dc.affiliationpl
Wydział Historyczny
dc.contributor.authorpl
Sołtysik, Aleksander - 155874
dc.date.accessionpl
2019-11-20
dc.date.accessioned
2019-11-20T06:20:27Z
dc.date.available
2019-11-20T06:20:27Z
dc.date.issuedpl
2007
dc.date.openaccess
0
dc.description.accesstime
w momencie opublikowania
dc.description.physicalpl
143-162
dc.description.series
Zeszyty Naukowe Uniwersytetu Jagiellońskiego
dc.description.seriesnumber
1291
dc.description.version
ostateczna wersja wydawcy
dc.description.volumepl
134
dc.identifier.eissnpl
2084-4069
dc.identifier.issnpl
0083-4351
dc.identifier.projectpl
ROD UJ / OP
dc.identifier.seriesissn
0860-0139
dc.identifier.uri
https://ruj.uj.edu.pl/xmlui/handle/item/87404
dc.identifier.weblinkpl
http://www.ejournals.eu/pliki/art/4230/pl
dc.languagepl
pol
dc.language.containerpl
pol
dc.rights*
Dozwolony użytek utworów chronionych
dc.rights.licence
OTHER
dc.rights.uri*
http://ruj.uj.edu.pl/4dspace/License/copyright/licencja_copyright.pdf
dc.share.type
otwarte czasopismo
dc.subtypepl
Article
dc.titlepl
Konstytutywne cechy mitu "żydokomuny" w Polsce w latach 1944-1947 : próba analizy
dc.title.alternativepl
Constitutive features of the myth of the "Jewish communist community" in Poland in the years 1944-1947 : an attempt at an analysis
dc.title.journalpl
Zeszyty Naukowe Uniwersytetu Jagiellońskiego. Prace Historyczne
dc.typepl
JournalArticle
dspace.entity.type
Publication
Affiliations

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