How do forewarnings and post-warnings affect misinformation reliance? : the impact of warnings on the continued influence effect and belief regression

2024
journal article
article
dc.abstract.enPeople often continue to rely on certain information in their reasoning, even if this information has been retracted; this is called the continued influence effect (CIE) of misinformation. One technique for reducing this effect involves explicitly warning people that there is a possibility that they might have been misled. The present study aimed to investigate these warnings’ effectiveness, depending on when they were given (either before or after misinformation). In two experiments (N = 337), we found that while a forewarning did reduce reliance on misinformation, retrospectively warned participants (when the warning was placed either between the misinformation and the retraction or just before testing) relied on the misinformation to a similar degree as unwarned participants. However, the protective effect of the forewarning was not durable, as shown by the fact that reliance on the misinformation increased for over 7 days following the first testing, despite continued memory of the retraction.pl
dc.affiliationWydział Filozoficzny : Instytut Psychologiipl
dc.affiliationSzkoła Doktorska Nauk Społecznychpl
dc.contributor.authorBuczel, Mikołaj - 368676 pl
dc.contributor.authorSiwiak, Adam - 205548 pl
dc.contributor.authorSzpitalak, Malwina - 122680 pl
dc.contributor.authorPolczyk, Romuald - 131496 pl
dc.date.accessioned2024-02-12T15:30:11Z
dc.date.available2024-02-12T15:30:11Z
dc.date.issued2024pl
dc.description.additionalOnline First 2024-01-23pl
dc.description.physical[1-17]pl
dc.identifier.doi10.3758/s13421-024-01520-zpl
dc.identifier.eissn1532-5946pl
dc.identifier.issn0090-502Xpl
dc.identifier.urihttps://ruj.uj.edu.pl/xmlui/handle/item/327047
dc.languageengpl
dc.language.containerengpl
dc.pbn.affiliationDziedzina nauk społecznych : psychologiapl
dc.rightsDodaję tylko opis bibliograficzny*
dc.rights.licencebez licencji
dc.rights.uri*
dc.subject.enmisinformationpl
dc.subject.encontinued influence effectpl
dc.subject.enwarningpl
dc.subject.enforewarningpl
dc.subject.enpost-warningpl
dc.subject.enbelief regressionpl
dc.subject.pldezinformacjapl
dc.subject.plefekt przedłużonego wpływupl
dc.subject.plostrzeżeniepl
dc.subject.plostrzeżenie prospektywnepl
dc.subject.plostrzeżenie retrospektywnepl
dc.subject.plregresja przekonańpl
dc.subtypeArticlepl
dc.titleHow do forewarnings and post-warnings affect misinformation reliance? : the impact of warnings on the continued influence effect and belief regressionpl
dc.title.journalMemory and Cognitionpl
dc.typeJournalArticlepl
dspace.entity.typePublication
dc.abstract.enpl
People often continue to rely on certain information in their reasoning, even if this information has been retracted; this is called the continued influence effect (CIE) of misinformation. One technique for reducing this effect involves explicitly warning people that there is a possibility that they might have been misled. The present study aimed to investigate these warnings’ effectiveness, depending on when they were given (either before or after misinformation). In two experiments (N = 337), we found that while a forewarning did reduce reliance on misinformation, retrospectively warned participants (when the warning was placed either between the misinformation and the retraction or just before testing) relied on the misinformation to a similar degree as unwarned participants. However, the protective effect of the forewarning was not durable, as shown by the fact that reliance on the misinformation increased for over 7 days following the first testing, despite continued memory of the retraction.
dc.affiliationpl
Wydział Filozoficzny : Instytut Psychologii
dc.affiliationpl
Szkoła Doktorska Nauk Społecznych
dc.contributor.authorpl
Buczel, Mikołaj - 368676
dc.contributor.authorpl
Siwiak, Adam - 205548
dc.contributor.authorpl
Szpitalak, Malwina - 122680
dc.contributor.authorpl
Polczyk, Romuald - 131496
dc.date.accessioned
2024-02-12T15:30:11Z
dc.date.available
2024-02-12T15:30:11Z
dc.date.issuedpl
2024
dc.description.additionalpl
Online First 2024-01-23
dc.description.physicalpl
[1-17]
dc.identifier.doipl
10.3758/s13421-024-01520-z
dc.identifier.eissnpl
1532-5946
dc.identifier.issnpl
0090-502X
dc.identifier.uri
https://ruj.uj.edu.pl/xmlui/handle/item/327047
dc.languagepl
eng
dc.language.containerpl
eng
dc.pbn.affiliationpl
Dziedzina nauk społecznych : psychologia
dc.rights*
Dodaję tylko opis bibliograficzny
dc.rights.licence
bez licencji
dc.rights.uri*
dc.subject.enpl
misinformation
dc.subject.enpl
continued influence effect
dc.subject.enpl
warning
dc.subject.enpl
forewarning
dc.subject.enpl
post-warning
dc.subject.enpl
belief regression
dc.subject.plpl
dezinformacja
dc.subject.plpl
efekt przedłużonego wpływu
dc.subject.plpl
ostrzeżenie
dc.subject.plpl
ostrzeżenie prospektywne
dc.subject.plpl
ostrzeżenie retrospektywne
dc.subject.plpl
regresja przekonań
dc.subtypepl
Article
dc.titlepl
How do forewarnings and post-warnings affect misinformation reliance? : the impact of warnings on the continued influence effect and belief regression
dc.title.journalpl
Memory and Cognition
dc.typepl
JournalArticle
dspace.entity.type
Publication

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