Judas Maccabeus’ wars against Judaea’s Neighbours in 1 Maccabees 5 : a reassessment of the evidence

2014
journal article
article
dc.abstract.enThe fifth chapter of the First Book of Maccabees recounts a whole range of wars waged by Judas Maccabeus against Judaea’s neighbours, who are depicted as threatening the lives of the Jews living in their midst. The account of these punitive expeditions contains the only explicit reference found in the book to an anathema (ḥerem) against a foreign people, a reference which has led some scholars to see Judas as re-enacting the biblical prescription of the ḥerem against the Canaanites. In contrast with this interpretation, the present article argues that the description in 1 Maccabees 5 is highly literary and rhetorical, and that it is part of a strategy which aims at presenting Judas as the heir of the first kings of Israel. In particular, a careful literary analysis shows that nearly all the differences between the accounts in 1 and 2 Maccabees can be explained by taking into consideration the project of the author to present Judas’s military expeditions in the light of Saul’s campaigns, following 1 Samuel 10–15 (especially 14:47–48). Given the indebtedness of 1 Maccabees 5 toward such biblical traditions, the historicity of Judas’s wars against Judaea’s neighbours should be re-assessed.pl
dc.contributor.authorBerthelot, Katellpl
dc.date.accessioned2023-08-11T10:09:18Z
dc.date.available2023-08-11T10:09:18Z
dc.date.issued2014pl
dc.date.openaccess0
dc.description.accesstimew momencie opublikowania
dc.description.physical73-85pl
dc.description.versionostateczna wersja wydawcy
dc.description.volume21pl
dc.identifier.doi10.4467/20800909EL.14.001.2780pl
dc.identifier.eissn2084-3909pl
dc.identifier.issn1897-3426pl
dc.identifier.urihttps://ruj.uj.edu.pl/xmlui/handle/item/317667
dc.languageengpl
dc.language.containerengpl
dc.rightsDozwolony użytek utworów chronionych*
dc.rights.licenceOTHER
dc.rights.urihttp://ruj.uj.edu.pl/4dspace/License/copyright/licencja_copyright.pdf*
dc.share.typeotwarte czasopismo
dc.subject.enhistory of Second Temple Judaismpl
dc.subject.en1 Maccabees 5pl
dc.subject.enJudas Maccabeuspl
dc.subject.enwarspl
dc.subject.enbiblical modelspl
dc.subject.enSaulpl
dc.subtypeArticlepl
dc.titleJudas Maccabeus’ wars against Judaea’s Neighbours in 1 Maccabees 5 : a reassessment of the evidencepl
dc.title.journalElectrumpl
dc.typeJournalArticlepl
dspace.entity.typePublication
dc.abstract.enpl
The fifth chapter of the First Book of Maccabees recounts a whole range of wars waged by Judas Maccabeus against Judaea’s neighbours, who are depicted as threatening the lives of the Jews living in their midst. The account of these punitive expeditions contains the only explicit reference found in the book to an anathema (ḥerem) against a foreign people, a reference which has led some scholars to see Judas as re-enacting the biblical prescription of the ḥerem against the Canaanites. In contrast with this interpretation, the present article argues that the description in 1 Maccabees 5 is highly literary and rhetorical, and that it is part of a strategy which aims at presenting Judas as the heir of the first kings of Israel. In particular, a careful literary analysis shows that nearly all the differences between the accounts in 1 and 2 Maccabees can be explained by taking into consideration the project of the author to present Judas’s military expeditions in the light of Saul’s campaigns, following 1 Samuel 10–15 (especially 14:47–48). Given the indebtedness of 1 Maccabees 5 toward such biblical traditions, the historicity of Judas’s wars against Judaea’s neighbours should be re-assessed.
dc.contributor.authorpl
Berthelot, Katell
dc.date.accessioned
2023-08-11T10:09:18Z
dc.date.available
2023-08-11T10:09:18Z
dc.date.issuedpl
2014
dc.date.openaccess
0
dc.description.accesstime
w momencie opublikowania
dc.description.physicalpl
73-85
dc.description.version
ostateczna wersja wydawcy
dc.description.volumepl
21
dc.identifier.doipl
10.4467/20800909EL.14.001.2780
dc.identifier.eissnpl
2084-3909
dc.identifier.issnpl
1897-3426
dc.identifier.uri
https://ruj.uj.edu.pl/xmlui/handle/item/317667
dc.languagepl
eng
dc.language.containerpl
eng
dc.rights*
Dozwolony użytek utworów chronionych
dc.rights.licence
OTHER
dc.rights.uri*
http://ruj.uj.edu.pl/4dspace/License/copyright/licencja_copyright.pdf
dc.share.type
otwarte czasopismo
dc.subject.enpl
history of Second Temple Judaism
dc.subject.enpl
1 Maccabees 5
dc.subject.enpl
Judas Maccabeus
dc.subject.enpl
wars
dc.subject.enpl
biblical models
dc.subject.enpl
Saul
dc.subtypepl
Article
dc.titlepl
Judas Maccabeus’ wars against Judaea’s Neighbours in 1 Maccabees 5 : a reassessment of the evidence
dc.title.journalpl
Electrum
dc.typepl
JournalArticle
dspace.entity.type
Publication
Affiliations

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