Potential habitat connectivity of European bison (Bison bonasus) in the Carpathian

2012
journal article
article
42
cris.lastimport.wos2024-04-09T18:46:56Z
dc.abstract.enHabitat connectivity is important for the survival of species that occupy habitat patches too small to sustain an isolated population. A prominent example of such a species is the European bison (Bison bonasus), occurring only in small, isolated herds, and whose survival will depend on establishing larger, well-connected populations. Our goal here was to assess habitat connectivity of European bison in the Carpathians. We used an existing bison habitat suitability map and data on dispersal barriers to derive cost surfaces, representing the ability of bison to move across the landscape, and to delineate potential connections (as least-cost paths) between currently occupied and potential habitat patches. Graph theory tools were then employed to evaluate the connectivity of all potential habitat patches and their relative importance in the network. Our analysis showed that existing bison herds in Ukraine are isolated. However, we identified several groups of well-connected habitat patches in the Carpathians which could host a large population of European bison. Our analysis also located important dispersal corridors connecting existing herds, and several promising locations for future reintroductions (especially in the Eastern Carpathians) that should have a high priority for conservation efforts. In general, our approach indicates the most important elements within a landscape mosaic for providing and maintaining the overall connectivity of different habitat networks and thus offers a robust and powerful tool for conservation planning.pl
dc.affiliationWydział Biologii i Nauk o Ziemi : Instytut Geografii i Gospodarki Przestrzennejpl
dc.contributor.authorZiółkowska, Elżbieta - 142854 pl
dc.contributor.authorOstapowicz, Katarzyna - 161466 pl
dc.contributor.authorKuemmerle, Tobiaspl
dc.contributor.authorPerzanowski, Kajetanpl
dc.contributor.authorRadeloff, Volker C.pl
dc.contributor.authorKozak, Jacek - 129324 pl
dc.date.accessioned2015-03-03T11:23:41Z
dc.date.available2015-03-03T11:23:41Z
dc.date.issued2012pl
dc.description.additionalBibliogr. s. 195-196pl
dc.description.number1pl
dc.description.physical188-196pl
dc.description.volume146pl
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/j.biocon.2011.12.017pl
dc.identifier.eissn1873-2917pl
dc.identifier.issn0006-3207pl
dc.identifier.urihttp://ruj.uj.edu.pl/xmlui/handle/item/3475
dc.languageengpl
dc.language.containerengpl
dc.rights.licencebez licencji
dc.subject.enEuropean bisonpl
dc.subject.engraph theorypl
dc.subject.enhabitat connectivitypl
dc.subject.enlarge herbivores and carnivorespl
dc.subject.enleast-cost analysispl
dc.subject.enreintroductionspl
dc.subtypeArticlepl
dc.titlePotential habitat connectivity of European bison (Bison bonasus) in the Carpathianpl
dc.title.journalBiological Conservationpl
dc.typeJournalArticlepl
dspace.entity.typePublication
cris.lastimport.wos
2024-04-09T18:46:56Z
dc.abstract.enpl
Habitat connectivity is important for the survival of species that occupy habitat patches too small to sustain an isolated population. A prominent example of such a species is the European bison (Bison bonasus), occurring only in small, isolated herds, and whose survival will depend on establishing larger, well-connected populations. Our goal here was to assess habitat connectivity of European bison in the Carpathians. We used an existing bison habitat suitability map and data on dispersal barriers to derive cost surfaces, representing the ability of bison to move across the landscape, and to delineate potential connections (as least-cost paths) between currently occupied and potential habitat patches. Graph theory tools were then employed to evaluate the connectivity of all potential habitat patches and their relative importance in the network. Our analysis showed that existing bison herds in Ukraine are isolated. However, we identified several groups of well-connected habitat patches in the Carpathians which could host a large population of European bison. Our analysis also located important dispersal corridors connecting existing herds, and several promising locations for future reintroductions (especially in the Eastern Carpathians) that should have a high priority for conservation efforts. In general, our approach indicates the most important elements within a landscape mosaic for providing and maintaining the overall connectivity of different habitat networks and thus offers a robust and powerful tool for conservation planning.
dc.affiliationpl
Wydział Biologii i Nauk o Ziemi : Instytut Geografii i Gospodarki Przestrzennej
dc.contributor.authorpl
Ziółkowska, Elżbieta - 142854
dc.contributor.authorpl
Ostapowicz, Katarzyna - 161466
dc.contributor.authorpl
Kuemmerle, Tobias
dc.contributor.authorpl
Perzanowski, Kajetan
dc.contributor.authorpl
Radeloff, Volker C.
dc.contributor.authorpl
Kozak, Jacek - 129324
dc.date.accessioned
2015-03-03T11:23:41Z
dc.date.available
2015-03-03T11:23:41Z
dc.date.issuedpl
2012
dc.description.additionalpl
Bibliogr. s. 195-196
dc.description.numberpl
1
dc.description.physicalpl
188-196
dc.description.volumepl
146
dc.identifier.doipl
10.1016/j.biocon.2011.12.017
dc.identifier.eissnpl
1873-2917
dc.identifier.issnpl
0006-3207
dc.identifier.uri
http://ruj.uj.edu.pl/xmlui/handle/item/3475
dc.languagepl
eng
dc.language.containerpl
eng
dc.rights.licence
bez licencji
dc.subject.enpl
European bison
dc.subject.enpl
graph theory
dc.subject.enpl
habitat connectivity
dc.subject.enpl
large herbivores and carnivores
dc.subject.enpl
least-cost analysis
dc.subject.enpl
reintroductions
dc.subtypepl
Article
dc.titlepl
Potential habitat connectivity of European bison (Bison bonasus) in the Carpathian
dc.title.journalpl
Biological Conservation
dc.typepl
JournalArticle
dspace.entity.type
Publication

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