Shooting up : a short history of drugs and war

2016
book
monography
dc.abstract.enShooting Up: A Short History of Drugs and War examines how intoxicants have been put to the service of states, empires and their armies throughout history. Since the beginning of organized combat, armed forces have prescribed drugs to their members for two general purposes: to enhance performance during combat and to counter the trauma of killing and witnessing violence after it is over. Stimulants (e.g. alcohol, cocaine, and amphetamines) have been used to temporarily create better soldiers by that improving stamina, overcoming sleeplessness, eliminating fatigue, and increasing fighting spirit. Downers (e.g. alcohol, opiates, morphine, heroin, marijuana, barbiturates) have also been useful in dealing with the soldier's greatest enemy - shattered nerves. Kamienski's focuses on drugs "prescribed" by military authorities, but also documents the widespread unauthorised consumption by soldiers themselves. Combatants have always treated themselves with various drugs and alcohol, mainly for recreational use and as a reward to themselves for enduring the constant tension of preparing for. Although not officially approved, such "self-medication" has often been quietly tolerated by commanders in so far as it did not affect combat effectiveness. This volume spans the history of combat from the use of opium, coca, and mushrooms in pre-modern warfare to the efforts of modern militaries, during the Cold War in particular, to design psychochemical offensive weapons that can be used to incapacitate rather than to kill the enemy. Along the way, Kamienski provides fascinating coverage of on the European adoption of hashish during Napolean's invasion of Egypt, opium use during the American Civil War, amphetamines in the Third Reich, and the use of narcotics to control child soldiers in the rebel militias of contemporary Africa.pl
dc.affiliationWydział Studiów Międzynarodowych i Politycznych : Instytut Amerykanistyki i Studiów Polonijnychpl
dc.contributor.authorKamieński, Łukasz - 101102 pl
dc.date.accessioned2016-09-19T13:19:52Z
dc.date.available2016-09-19T13:19:52Z
dc.date.issued2016pl
dc.description.additionalBibliogr. s. 343-366. Publ. istnieje również w formie audiobooka (14 godzin, MP3-CD, Grand Haven Brilliance Audio, ISBN 978-1-5366-1829-7)pl
dc.description.physicalXXIX, [1], 381pl
dc.description.publication25pl
dc.identifier.isbn978-0-19-026347-8pl
dc.identifier.urihttp://ruj.uj.edu.pl/xmlui/handle/item/30392
dc.languageengpl
dc.pubinfoNew York : Oxford University Presspl
dc.rightsDodaję tylko opis bibliograficzny*
dc.rights.licencebez licencji
dc.rights.uri*
dc.subject.endrugspl
dc.subject.enwarpl
dc.subject.enaddictionpl
dc.subject.enintoxicationpl
dc.subject.enmilitary historypl
dc.subtypeMonographypl
dc.titleShooting up : a short history of drugs and warpl
dc.typeBookpl
dspace.entity.typePublication
dc.abstract.enpl
Shooting Up: A Short History of Drugs and War examines how intoxicants have been put to the service of states, empires and their armies throughout history. Since the beginning of organized combat, armed forces have prescribed drugs to their members for two general purposes: to enhance performance during combat and to counter the trauma of killing and witnessing violence after it is over. Stimulants (e.g. alcohol, cocaine, and amphetamines) have been used to temporarily create better soldiers by that improving stamina, overcoming sleeplessness, eliminating fatigue, and increasing fighting spirit. Downers (e.g. alcohol, opiates, morphine, heroin, marijuana, barbiturates) have also been useful in dealing with the soldier's greatest enemy - shattered nerves. Kamienski's focuses on drugs "prescribed" by military authorities, but also documents the widespread unauthorised consumption by soldiers themselves. Combatants have always treated themselves with various drugs and alcohol, mainly for recreational use and as a reward to themselves for enduring the constant tension of preparing for. Although not officially approved, such "self-medication" has often been quietly tolerated by commanders in so far as it did not affect combat effectiveness. This volume spans the history of combat from the use of opium, coca, and mushrooms in pre-modern warfare to the efforts of modern militaries, during the Cold War in particular, to design psychochemical offensive weapons that can be used to incapacitate rather than to kill the enemy. Along the way, Kamienski provides fascinating coverage of on the European adoption of hashish during Napolean's invasion of Egypt, opium use during the American Civil War, amphetamines in the Third Reich, and the use of narcotics to control child soldiers in the rebel militias of contemporary Africa.
dc.affiliationpl
Wydział Studiów Międzynarodowych i Politycznych : Instytut Amerykanistyki i Studiów Polonijnych
dc.contributor.authorpl
Kamieński, Łukasz - 101102
dc.date.accessioned
2016-09-19T13:19:52Z
dc.date.available
2016-09-19T13:19:52Z
dc.date.issuedpl
2016
dc.description.additionalpl
Bibliogr. s. 343-366. Publ. istnieje również w formie audiobooka (14 godzin, MP3-CD, Grand Haven Brilliance Audio, ISBN 978-1-5366-1829-7)
dc.description.physicalpl
XXIX, [1], 381
dc.description.publicationpl
25
dc.identifier.isbnpl
978-0-19-026347-8
dc.identifier.uri
http://ruj.uj.edu.pl/xmlui/handle/item/30392
dc.languagepl
eng
dc.pubinfopl
New York : Oxford University Press
dc.rights*
Dodaję tylko opis bibliograficzny
dc.rights.licence
bez licencji
dc.rights.uri*
dc.subject.enpl
drugs
dc.subject.enpl
war
dc.subject.enpl
addiction
dc.subject.enpl
intoxication
dc.subject.enpl
military history
dc.subtypepl
Monography
dc.titlepl
Shooting up : a short history of drugs and war
dc.typepl
Book
dspace.entity.type
Publication
Affiliations

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