Bitcoin i inne kryptowaluty jako przedmiot świadczenia pieniężnego

2019
journal article
article
dc.abstract.enLegal qualification of bitcoin, cryptocurrencies and "private money" in general raises doubts. Although, economically speaking, these goods perform some of the functions of money, they are not considered as such under the Polish civil code. This led some authors to argue that the rules on performance (and breach) of monetary obligations would not be applicable to cryptocurrencies. However, such a conclusion could cause unacceptable results, e.g. allowing for circumvention of the mandatory rules on maximum interest for late payment. The author proposes a solution to this dilemma. Firstly, it is accepted that cryptocurrencies are not "money" in the meaning of the Polish Civil Code. Therefore, the rules governing performance of monetary obligations do not automatically apply to cryptocurrencies. Secondly, cryptocurrencies cannot also be subject to all rules governing non-monetary performance, as this would lead to results inconsistent with the legislative purpose underlying various provisions of law. To ensure effectiveness of such provisions, a hybrid approach should be adopted. In particular, where justified by its ratio legis, the respective provisions governing monetary obligations should be applied to cryptocurrencies mutatis mutandi.pl
dc.contributor.authorWanat, Emanuelpl
dc.date.accession2019-10-10pl
dc.date.accessioned2019-10-10T09:57:01Z
dc.date.available2019-10-10T09:57:01Z
dc.date.issued2019pl
dc.date.openaccess0
dc.description.accesstimew momencie opublikowania
dc.description.additionalBibliogr. s. 104-106pl
dc.description.number2pl
dc.description.physical79-107pl
dc.description.versionostateczna wersja wydawcy
dc.identifier.doi10.26106/z9qe-bm17pl
dc.identifier.issn1641-1609pl
dc.identifier.projectROD UJ / OPpl
dc.identifier.urihttps://ruj.uj.edu.pl/xmlui/handle/item/84454
dc.identifier.weblinkhttp://www.transformacje.pl/wp-content/uploads/2019/06/TPP-2-2019-wanat.pdfpl
dc.languagepolpl
dc.language.containerpolpl
dc.rightsDozwolony użytek utworów chronionych*
dc.rights.licenceOTHER
dc.rights.urihttp://ruj.uj.edu.pl/4dspace/License/copyright/licencja_copyright.pdf*
dc.share.typeotwarte czasopismo
dc.subject.encryptocurrencypl
dc.subject.enbitcoinpl
dc.subject.enmonetary obligationpl
dc.subject.enpecuniary obligationpl
dc.subject.ennon-monetary obligationpl
dc.subject.ennon-pecuniary obligationpl
dc.subject.enmoneypl
dc.subject.enprinciples of performance of an obligationpl
dc.subject.enlegal tenderpl
dc.subject.plkryptowalutapl
dc.subject.plbitcoinpl
dc.subject.plświadczenie pieniężnepl
dc.subject.plświadczenie niepieniężnepl
dc.subject.plpieniądzpl
dc.subject.plzasady wykonania zobowiązaniapl
dc.subject.plprawny środek płatniczypl
dc.subtypeArticlepl
dc.titleBitcoin i inne kryptowaluty jako przedmiot świadczenia pieniężnegopl
dc.title.alternativeBitcoin and other cryptocurrencies as monetary obligationspl
dc.title.journalTransformacje Prawa Prywatnegopl
dc.typeJournalArticlepl
dspace.entity.typePublication
dc.abstract.enpl
Legal qualification of bitcoin, cryptocurrencies and "private money" in general raises doubts. Although, economically speaking, these goods perform some of the functions of money, they are not considered as such under the Polish civil code. This led some authors to argue that the rules on performance (and breach) of monetary obligations would not be applicable to cryptocurrencies. However, such a conclusion could cause unacceptable results, e.g. allowing for circumvention of the mandatory rules on maximum interest for late payment. The author proposes a solution to this dilemma. Firstly, it is accepted that cryptocurrencies are not "money" in the meaning of the Polish Civil Code. Therefore, the rules governing performance of monetary obligations do not automatically apply to cryptocurrencies. Secondly, cryptocurrencies cannot also be subject to all rules governing non-monetary performance, as this would lead to results inconsistent with the legislative purpose underlying various provisions of law. To ensure effectiveness of such provisions, a hybrid approach should be adopted. In particular, where justified by its ratio legis, the respective provisions governing monetary obligations should be applied to cryptocurrencies mutatis mutandi.
dc.contributor.authorpl
Wanat, Emanuel
dc.date.accessionpl
2019-10-10
dc.date.accessioned
2019-10-10T09:57:01Z
dc.date.available
2019-10-10T09:57:01Z
dc.date.issuedpl
2019
dc.date.openaccess
0
dc.description.accesstime
w momencie opublikowania
dc.description.additionalpl
Bibliogr. s. 104-106
dc.description.numberpl
2
dc.description.physicalpl
79-107
dc.description.version
ostateczna wersja wydawcy
dc.identifier.doipl
10.26106/z9qe-bm17
dc.identifier.issnpl
1641-1609
dc.identifier.projectpl
ROD UJ / OP
dc.identifier.uri
https://ruj.uj.edu.pl/xmlui/handle/item/84454
dc.identifier.weblinkpl
http://www.transformacje.pl/wp-content/uploads/2019/06/TPP-2-2019-wanat.pdf
dc.languagepl
pol
dc.language.containerpl
pol
dc.rights*
Dozwolony użytek utworów chronionych
dc.rights.licence
OTHER
dc.rights.uri*
http://ruj.uj.edu.pl/4dspace/License/copyright/licencja_copyright.pdf
dc.share.type
otwarte czasopismo
dc.subject.enpl
cryptocurrency
dc.subject.enpl
bitcoin
dc.subject.enpl
monetary obligation
dc.subject.enpl
pecuniary obligation
dc.subject.enpl
non-monetary obligation
dc.subject.enpl
non-pecuniary obligation
dc.subject.enpl
money
dc.subject.enpl
principles of performance of an obligation
dc.subject.enpl
legal tender
dc.subject.plpl
kryptowaluta
dc.subject.plpl
bitcoin
dc.subject.plpl
świadczenie pieniężne
dc.subject.plpl
świadczenie niepieniężne
dc.subject.plpl
pieniądz
dc.subject.plpl
zasady wykonania zobowiązania
dc.subject.plpl
prawny środek płatniczy
dc.subtypepl
Article
dc.titlepl
Bitcoin i inne kryptowaluty jako przedmiot świadczenia pieniężnego
dc.title.alternativepl
Bitcoin and other cryptocurrencies as monetary obligations
dc.title.journalpl
Transformacje Prawa Prywatnego
dc.typepl
JournalArticle
dspace.entity.type
Publication
Affiliations

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