Glosa do wyroku Europejskiego Trybunału Sprawiedliwości z dnia 9 września 2004 r. w sprawie Komisja UE vs. Królestwo Hiszpanii, C-70/03 : (krytyczna)

2013
journal article
article
dc.abstract.enThe issue raised in the case note refers to the nature and proper application of the contra proferentem rule of interpretation. The comment contests the argumentation of the ECJ pursuant to which lack of an explicit, normative exclusion of the contra proferentem rule from the collective actions for cessation of standard terms and conditions would frustrate the effectiveness of such process. The author advocates for an approach in which an interpretation, in accordance with the contra proferentem method, is used as a subsidiary tool to control the fairness of standard terms and conditions. Such a view is justified by the fundamental principle of the consumer law which is maximization of their level of protection. Meanwhile, an interpretation most favorable for consumers is not always in theirs best interests, and they could benefit more from elimination of an abusive clause in result of the fairness control. Therefore, contra proferentem rule should be applied only to the standard terms and conditions that successfully passed the fairness test and thus cannot undermine the effectiveness of this control, despite the absence of rules that exclude such interpretation with reference to the cases of collective control. Moreover, the case note points out that a court is not allowed to use the contra proferentem rule in the collective actions due to the procedural restrictions. That reinforces the conclusion that the omission of a normative exclusion does not lower the level of consumer protection.pl
dc.affiliationWydział Prawa i Administracjipl
dc.contributor.authorGorzko, Przemysław - 108901 pl
dc.date.accession2019-11-22pl
dc.date.accessioned2019-11-22T09:50:51Z
dc.date.available2019-11-22T09:50:51Z
dc.date.issued2013pl
dc.date.openaccess0
dc.description.accesstimew momencie opublikowania
dc.description.number1pl
dc.description.physical7-21pl
dc.description.versionostateczna wersja wydawcy
dc.identifier.doi10.26106/mh17-ve78pl
dc.identifier.issn1641-1609pl
dc.identifier.projectROD UJ / OPpl
dc.identifier.urihttps://ruj.uj.edu.pl/xmlui/handle/item/87684
dc.identifier.weblinkhttp://www.transformacje.pl/wp-content/uploads/2013/04/tpp_1-2013_gorzko.pdfpl
dc.languagepolpl
dc.language.containerpolpl
dc.rightsDozwolony użytek utworów chronionych*
dc.rights.licenceOTHER
dc.rights.urihttp://ruj.uj.edu.pl/4dspace/License/copyright/licencja_copyright.pdf*
dc.share.typeotwarte czasopismo
dc.subtypeArticlepl
dc.titleGlosa do wyroku Europejskiego Trybunału Sprawiedliwości z dnia 9 września 2004 r. w sprawie Komisja UE vs. Królestwo Hiszpanii, C-70/03 : (krytyczna)pl
dc.title.alternativeCase note to the judgment of the European Court of Justice from 9 September 2004, Commission vs. Spain, C-70/03 : (critical)pl
dc.title.journalTransformacje Prawa Prywatnegopl
dc.typeJournalArticlepl
dspace.entity.typePublication
dc.abstract.enpl
The issue raised in the case note refers to the nature and proper application of the contra proferentem rule of interpretation. The comment contests the argumentation of the ECJ pursuant to which lack of an explicit, normative exclusion of the contra proferentem rule from the collective actions for cessation of standard terms and conditions would frustrate the effectiveness of such process. The author advocates for an approach in which an interpretation, in accordance with the contra proferentem method, is used as a subsidiary tool to control the fairness of standard terms and conditions. Such a view is justified by the fundamental principle of the consumer law which is maximization of their level of protection. Meanwhile, an interpretation most favorable for consumers is not always in theirs best interests, and they could benefit more from elimination of an abusive clause in result of the fairness control. Therefore, contra proferentem rule should be applied only to the standard terms and conditions that successfully passed the fairness test and thus cannot undermine the effectiveness of this control, despite the absence of rules that exclude such interpretation with reference to the cases of collective control. Moreover, the case note points out that a court is not allowed to use the contra proferentem rule in the collective actions due to the procedural restrictions. That reinforces the conclusion that the omission of a normative exclusion does not lower the level of consumer protection.
dc.affiliationpl
Wydział Prawa i Administracji
dc.contributor.authorpl
Gorzko, Przemysław - 108901
dc.date.accessionpl
2019-11-22
dc.date.accessioned
2019-11-22T09:50:51Z
dc.date.available
2019-11-22T09:50:51Z
dc.date.issuedpl
2013
dc.date.openaccess
0
dc.description.accesstime
w momencie opublikowania
dc.description.numberpl
1
dc.description.physicalpl
7-21
dc.description.version
ostateczna wersja wydawcy
dc.identifier.doipl
10.26106/mh17-ve78
dc.identifier.issnpl
1641-1609
dc.identifier.projectpl
ROD UJ / OP
dc.identifier.uri
https://ruj.uj.edu.pl/xmlui/handle/item/87684
dc.identifier.weblinkpl
http://www.transformacje.pl/wp-content/uploads/2013/04/tpp_1-2013_gorzko.pdf
dc.languagepl
pol
dc.language.containerpl
pol
dc.rights*
Dozwolony użytek utworów chronionych
dc.rights.licence
OTHER
dc.rights.uri*
http://ruj.uj.edu.pl/4dspace/License/copyright/licencja_copyright.pdf
dc.share.type
otwarte czasopismo
dc.subtypepl
Article
dc.titlepl
Glosa do wyroku Europejskiego Trybunału Sprawiedliwości z dnia 9 września 2004 r. w sprawie Komisja UE vs. Królestwo Hiszpanii, C-70/03 : (krytyczna)
dc.title.alternativepl
Case note to the judgment of the European Court of Justice from 9 September 2004, Commission vs. Spain, C-70/03 : (critical)
dc.title.journalpl
Transformacje Prawa Prywatnego
dc.typepl
JournalArticle
dspace.entity.type
Publication
Affiliations

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