Wpływ niedozwolonego charakteru klauzuli na związanie stron umową

2018
journal article
article
dc.abstract.enThe paper address the problem of influence by the unfair contract provisions on binding power of the whole contract. The author first concludes that binding of the parties by a contract is possible only if the remaining (fair) provisions form a contract, and therefor if they include at least the minimal provisions that result in consensus. Secondly, the elimination of the contested unfair provision from the contract cannot results in creation and binding power of legal relationship which would be forbidden by/unvalid under the law. Thirdly, since the unfair terms' statutory regulation is the implementation into the Polish law of the Article 6(1) of the Directive 93/13, therefore it should be interpreted in such a way, to ensure, as much as possible, the conformity of Polish regulation with EU legislation. The analysis of the case law of EU Tribunal of Justice and the Polish regulations result in the conclusion that the unfair term cannot be replaced by the dispositive statutory provisions, nor by any other substitutive/replacement means (e.g. constituent court judgments, mandatory statutory provisions, interpretative reduction of parties' statements) that could fill in the gap remaining after removal of the unfair clause. However such "substitutive measures" could and should be used (if provided by national law) only if when this could prevent the ineffectiveness/failure of the whole contract. This rule is applicable also to other "substitutive measures" than the dispositive statutory provisions, which in accordance with the national law would allow the effectiveness of the contract, following the restoration of the contractual balance, if such measures are in accordance with Directive 93/13. It was also accepted in the paper that the consumer cannot bind the court and contradict the use by the court of such a "substitutive measure" (e.g., the norm stemming out of the dispositive statutory provision) if its use could prevent the failure of the whole contract. The assessment, whether the contract can still be binding following the exclusion of unfair terms should be done by a court on the basis of objective criteria, independent for the will of an individual consumer.pl
dc.affiliationWydział Prawa i Administracji : Katedra Prawa Cywilnegopl
dc.contributor.authorKarasek-Wojciechowicz, Iwona - 128645 pl
dc.date.accession2019-10-10pl
dc.date.accessioned2019-10-10T12:33:24Z
dc.date.available2019-10-10T12:33:24Z
dc.date.issued2018pl
dc.date.openaccess0
dc.description.accesstimew momencie opublikowania
dc.description.additionalBibliogr. s. 69-70pl
dc.description.number2pl
dc.description.physical45-71pl
dc.description.versionostateczna wersja wydawcy
dc.identifier.doi10.26106/tj65-jx54pl
dc.identifier.issn1641-1609pl
dc.identifier.projectROD UJ / OPpl
dc.identifier.urihttps://ruj.uj.edu.pl/xmlui/handle/item/84523
dc.identifier.weblinkhttp://www.transformacje.pl/wp-content/uploads/2018/06/TTP_2-2018_karasek.pdfpl
dc.languagepolpl
dc.language.containerpolpl
dc.rightsDozwolony użytek utworów chronionych*
dc.rights.licenceOTHER
dc.rights.urihttp://ruj.uj.edu.pl/4dspace/License/copyright/licencja_copyright.pdf*
dc.share.typeotwarte czasopismo
dc.subject.enunfair contract termpl
dc.subject.enbinding power of the contractpl
dc.subject.enconsumer protectionpl
dc.subject.plniedozwolone postanowienia umownepl
dc.subject.plmoc wiążąca umowypl
dc.subject.plochrona konsumentapl
dc.subtypeArticlepl
dc.titleWpływ niedozwolonego charakteru klauzuli na związanie stron umowąpl
dc.title.alternativeImpact of unfair contract term on binding power of the contractpl
dc.title.journalTransformacje Prawa Prywatnegopl
dc.typeJournalArticlepl
dspace.entity.typePublication
dc.abstract.enpl
The paper address the problem of influence by the unfair contract provisions on binding power of the whole contract. The author first concludes that binding of the parties by a contract is possible only if the remaining (fair) provisions form a contract, and therefor if they include at least the minimal provisions that result in consensus. Secondly, the elimination of the contested unfair provision from the contract cannot results in creation and binding power of legal relationship which would be forbidden by/unvalid under the law. Thirdly, since the unfair terms' statutory regulation is the implementation into the Polish law of the Article 6(1) of the Directive 93/13, therefore it should be interpreted in such a way, to ensure, as much as possible, the conformity of Polish regulation with EU legislation. The analysis of the case law of EU Tribunal of Justice and the Polish regulations result in the conclusion that the unfair term cannot be replaced by the dispositive statutory provisions, nor by any other substitutive/replacement means (e.g. constituent court judgments, mandatory statutory provisions, interpretative reduction of parties' statements) that could fill in the gap remaining after removal of the unfair clause. However such "substitutive measures" could and should be used (if provided by national law) only if when this could prevent the ineffectiveness/failure of the whole contract. This rule is applicable also to other "substitutive measures" than the dispositive statutory provisions, which in accordance with the national law would allow the effectiveness of the contract, following the restoration of the contractual balance, if such measures are in accordance with Directive 93/13. It was also accepted in the paper that the consumer cannot bind the court and contradict the use by the court of such a "substitutive measure" (e.g., the norm stemming out of the dispositive statutory provision) if its use could prevent the failure of the whole contract. The assessment, whether the contract can still be binding following the exclusion of unfair terms should be done by a court on the basis of objective criteria, independent for the will of an individual consumer.
dc.affiliationpl
Wydział Prawa i Administracji : Katedra Prawa Cywilnego
dc.contributor.authorpl
Karasek-Wojciechowicz, Iwona - 128645
dc.date.accessionpl
2019-10-10
dc.date.accessioned
2019-10-10T12:33:24Z
dc.date.available
2019-10-10T12:33:24Z
dc.date.issuedpl
2018
dc.date.openaccess
0
dc.description.accesstime
w momencie opublikowania
dc.description.additionalpl
Bibliogr. s. 69-70
dc.description.numberpl
2
dc.description.physicalpl
45-71
dc.description.version
ostateczna wersja wydawcy
dc.identifier.doipl
10.26106/tj65-jx54
dc.identifier.issnpl
1641-1609
dc.identifier.projectpl
ROD UJ / OP
dc.identifier.uri
https://ruj.uj.edu.pl/xmlui/handle/item/84523
dc.identifier.weblinkpl
http://www.transformacje.pl/wp-content/uploads/2018/06/TTP_2-2018_karasek.pdf
dc.languagepl
pol
dc.language.containerpl
pol
dc.rights*
Dozwolony użytek utworów chronionych
dc.rights.licence
OTHER
dc.rights.uri*
http://ruj.uj.edu.pl/4dspace/License/copyright/licencja_copyright.pdf
dc.share.type
otwarte czasopismo
dc.subject.enpl
unfair contract term
dc.subject.enpl
binding power of the contract
dc.subject.enpl
consumer protection
dc.subject.plpl
niedozwolone postanowienia umowne
dc.subject.plpl
moc wiążąca umowy
dc.subject.plpl
ochrona konsumenta
dc.subtypepl
Article
dc.titlepl
Wpływ niedozwolonego charakteru klauzuli na związanie stron umową
dc.title.alternativepl
Impact of unfair contract term on binding power of the contract
dc.title.journalpl
Transformacje Prawa Prywatnego
dc.typepl
JournalArticle
dspace.entity.type
Publication
Affiliations

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