Contribution of host species and pathogen clade to snake fungal disease hotspots in Europe

2024
journal article
article
2
dc.abstract.enInfectious diseases are influenced by interactions between host and pathogen, and the number of infected hosts is rarely homogenous across the landscape. Areas with elevated pathogen prevalence can maintain a high force of infection and may indicate areas with disease impacts on host populations. However, isolating the ecological processes that result in increases in infection prevalence and intensity remains a challenge. Here we elucidate the contribution of pathogen clade and host species in disease hotspots caused by Ophidiomyces ophidiicola, the pathogen responsible for snake fungal disease, in 21 species of snakes infected with multiple pathogen strains across 10 countries in Europe. We found isolated areas of disease hotspots in a landscape where infections were otherwise low. O. ophidiicola clade had important effects on transmission, and areas with multiple pathogen clades had higher host infection prevalence. Snake species further influenced infection, with most positive detections coming from species within the Natrix genus. Our results suggest that both host and pathogen identity are essential components contributing to increased pathogen prevalence.
dc.affiliationWydział Biologii : Instytut Zoologii i Badań Biomedycznych
dc.contributor.authorBlanvillain, Gaëlle
dc.contributor.authorLorch, Jeffrey M.
dc.contributor.authorJoudrier, Nicolas
dc.contributor.authorBury, Stanisław - 175272
dc.contributor.authorCuenot, Thibault
dc.contributor.authorFranzen, Michael
dc.contributor.authorMartínez-Freiría, Fernando
dc.contributor.authorGuiller, Gaëtan
dc.contributor.authorHalpern, Bálint
dc.contributor.authorKolanek, Aleksandra
dc.contributor.authorKurek, Katarzyna
dc.contributor.authorLourdais, Olivier
dc.contributor.authorMichon, Alix
dc.contributor.authorMusilová, Radka
dc.contributor.authorSchweiger, Silke
dc.contributor.authorSzulc, Barbara
dc.contributor.authorUrsenbacher, Sylvain
dc.contributor.authorZinenko, Oleksandr
dc.contributor.authorHoyt, Joseph R.
dc.date.accessioned2024-05-23T08:59:25Z
dc.date.available2024-05-23T08:59:25Z
dc.date.issued2024
dc.date.openaccess0
dc.description.accesstimew momencie opublikowania
dc.description.versionostateczna wersja wydawcy
dc.description.volume7
dc.identifier.articleid440
dc.identifier.doi10.1038/s42003-024-06092-x
dc.identifier.eissn2399-3642
dc.identifier.urihttps://ruj.uj.edu.pl/handle/item/341613
dc.languageeng
dc.language.containereng
dc.rightsUdzielam licencji. Uznanie autorstwa 4.0 Międzynarodowa
dc.rights.licenceCC-BY
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode.pl
dc.share.typeotwarte czasopismo
dc.subtypeArticle
dc.titleContribution of host species and pathogen clade to snake fungal disease hotspots in Europe
dc.title.journalCommunications Biology
dc.typeJournalArticle
dspace.entity.typePublicationen
dc.abstract.en
Infectious diseases are influenced by interactions between host and pathogen, and the number of infected hosts is rarely homogenous across the landscape. Areas with elevated pathogen prevalence can maintain a high force of infection and may indicate areas with disease impacts on host populations. However, isolating the ecological processes that result in increases in infection prevalence and intensity remains a challenge. Here we elucidate the contribution of pathogen clade and host species in disease hotspots caused by Ophidiomyces ophidiicola, the pathogen responsible for snake fungal disease, in 21 species of snakes infected with multiple pathogen strains across 10 countries in Europe. We found isolated areas of disease hotspots in a landscape where infections were otherwise low. O. ophidiicola clade had important effects on transmission, and areas with multiple pathogen clades had higher host infection prevalence. Snake species further influenced infection, with most positive detections coming from species within the Natrix genus. Our results suggest that both host and pathogen identity are essential components contributing to increased pathogen prevalence.
dc.affiliation
Wydział Biologii : Instytut Zoologii i Badań Biomedycznych
dc.contributor.author
Blanvillain, Gaëlle
dc.contributor.author
Lorch, Jeffrey M.
dc.contributor.author
Joudrier, Nicolas
dc.contributor.author
Bury, Stanisław - 175272
dc.contributor.author
Cuenot, Thibault
dc.contributor.author
Franzen, Michael
dc.contributor.author
Martínez-Freiría, Fernando
dc.contributor.author
Guiller, Gaëtan
dc.contributor.author
Halpern, Bálint
dc.contributor.author
Kolanek, Aleksandra
dc.contributor.author
Kurek, Katarzyna
dc.contributor.author
Lourdais, Olivier
dc.contributor.author
Michon, Alix
dc.contributor.author
Musilová, Radka
dc.contributor.author
Schweiger, Silke
dc.contributor.author
Szulc, Barbara
dc.contributor.author
Ursenbacher, Sylvain
dc.contributor.author
Zinenko, Oleksandr
dc.contributor.author
Hoyt, Joseph R.
dc.date.accessioned
2024-05-23T08:59:25Z
dc.date.available
2024-05-23T08:59:25Z
dc.date.issued
2024
dc.date.openaccess
0
dc.description.accesstime
w momencie opublikowania
dc.description.version
ostateczna wersja wydawcy
dc.description.volume
7
dc.identifier.articleid
440
dc.identifier.doi
10.1038/s42003-024-06092-x
dc.identifier.eissn
2399-3642
dc.identifier.uri
https://ruj.uj.edu.pl/handle/item/341613
dc.language
eng
dc.language.container
eng
dc.rights
Udzielam licencji. Uznanie autorstwa 4.0 Międzynarodowa
dc.rights.licence
CC-BY
dc.rights.uri
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode.pl
dc.share.type
otwarte czasopismo
dc.subtype
Article
dc.title
Contribution of host species and pathogen clade to snake fungal disease hotspots in Europe
dc.title.journal
Communications Biology
dc.type
JournalArticle
dspace.entity.typeen
Publication
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