Repozytorium Uniwersytetu Jagiellońskiego

Crystal structures of IspF from Plasmodium falciparum and Burkholderia cenocepacia : comparisons inform antimicrobial drug target assessment

Crystal structures of IspF from Plasmodium falciparum ...

Metadane (Dublin Core) O’Rourke, Patrick E. F. pl Kalinowska-Tłuścik, Justyna [SAP12019196] pl Fyfe, Paul K. pl Dawson, Alice pl Hunter, William N. pl 2015-06-16T12:51:32Z 2015-06-16T12:51:32Z 2014 pl
dc.language eng pl
dc.title Crystal structures of IspF from Plasmodium falciparum and Burkholderia cenocepacia : comparisons inform antimicrobial drug target assessment pl
dc.type JournalArticle pl
dc.description.physical 1-12 pl
dc.abstract.en Background: 2 C -methyl-D-erythritol-2,4-c yclodiphosphate synth ase (IspF) catalyzes the conversion of 4-diphosphocytidyl-2 C -methyl-D-erythritol-2-phosphate to 2 C -methyl-D-erythritol-2 ,4-cyclodiphosphate and cytidine monophosphate in production of isoprenoid-precursors via the methylerythritol phosphate biosynthetic pathway. IspF is found in the protozoan Plasmodium falciparum, a parasite that causes cerebral malaria, as well as in many Gram-negative bacteria such as Burkholderia cenocepacia . IspF represents a potential target for development of broad-spectrum antimicrobial drugs since it is proven or inferred as essential in these pathogens and absent from mammals. Structural studies of IspF from these two important yet distinct pathogens, and comparisons with orthologues have been carried out to generate reagents , to support and inform a structure-based approach to early stage drug discovery. Results: Efficient recombinant protein production and crystallization protocols were developed, and high-resolution crystal structures of IspF from P. falciparum ( Pf IspF) and B. cenocepacia ( Bc IspF) in complex with cytidine nucleotides determined. Comparisons with orthologues, indicate a high degree of order and conservation in parts of the active site where Zn 2+ is bound and where recognition of the cytidine moiety of substrate occurs. However, conformational flexibility is noted in that area of the active site responsible for binding th e methylerythritol component of substrate. Unexpectedly, one structure of Bc IspF revealed two molecules of cytidine monophosphate in the active site, and another identified citrate coordinating to the catalytic Zn 2+ . In both cases interactions with ligands appear to help order a flexible loop at one side of theactivesite.Difficultieswereen countered when attempting to derive co mplex structures with other ligands. Conclusions: High-resolution crystal structures of IspF from two important human pathogens have been obtained and compared to orthologues. The studies reveal new data on ligan d binding, with citrate coordinating to the active site Zn 2+ and when present in high concentrations cytidine monophosphate displays two binding modes in the active site. Ligand binding appears to order a part of the active site involved i n substrate recognition. The high degree of structural conservation in and around the IspF active site suggests that any structural model might be suitable to support a program of structure-based drug discovery. pl
dc.subject.en antimicrobial drug target pl
dc.subject.en X-ray crystallography pl
dc.subject.en soprenoid biosynthesis pl
dc.subject.en Zn 2+-dependent enzyme pl
dc.description.volume 14 pl
dc.description.number 1 pl
dc.identifier.doi 10.1186/1472-6807-14-1 pl
dc.identifier.eissn 1472-6807 pl
dc.title.journal BMC Structural Biology pl
dc.language.container eng pl
dc.affiliation Wydział Chemii : Zakład Krystalochemii i Krystalofizyki pl
dc.subtype Article pl
dc.rights.original CC-BY; inne; ostateczna wersja wydawcy; w momencie opublikowania; 0; pl
.pointsMNiSW [2014 A]: 25

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