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Niedoszła abdykacja cesarza Shōwa po II wojnie światowej

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Niedoszła abdykacja cesarza Shōwa po II wojnie światowej

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dc.contributor.author Polit, Jakub [SAP11015076] pl
dc.date.accessioned 2019-02-12T08:59:08Z
dc.date.available 2019-02-12T08:59:08Z
dc.date.issued 2018 pl
dc.identifier.isbn 978-83-233-4481-0 pl
dc.identifier.issn 0083-4351 pl
dc.identifier.uri https://ruj.uj.edu.pl/xmlui/handle/item/68120
dc.language pol pl
dc.rights Udzielam licencji. Uznanie autorstwa - Bez utworów zależnych 4.0 Międzynarodowa *
dc.rights.uri http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nd/4.0/pl/legalcode *
dc.title Niedoszła abdykacja cesarza Shōwa po II wojnie światowej pl
dc.title.alternative Emperor’s Shōwa possible (but unrealized) abdication after World War II pl
dc.type JournalArticle pl
dc.description.physical 555-578 pl
dc.abstract.en At the end of World War II, the Allies were almost unanimous that Japanese Shōwa Emperor (known as Hirohito) had to be tried as a war criminal and the imperial institution, seen as the foundation of Japanese militarism, be abolished. The final decision was left to general Douglas MacArthur, who carried the responsibility for occupation policies in Japan. The general, especially after the first meeting with the Emperor (27 Sept. 1945), found the throne as “a symbol which unites all Japanese” and a key to the success of the occupation reforms. He telegraphed Washington that no evidence had been discovered that would implicate the Emperor in war crimes. The British occupation authorities in Japan (sir Alvary Gascoigne, George Sansom) fully shared this opinion. Hirohito was not put on trial, but in 1948, when IMFTE sentenced to death seven former ministers and generals, there were rumours that he was seriously considering whether to abdicate. MacArthur, believing that such a step would be politically disastrous, on 12th November 1948 intervened confidentially and successfully via prime minister Yoshida Shigeru and director of the imperial Household agency Tajima Michiji. The last abdication rumours appeared in October 1951, after the peace treaty was signed. But the Emperor, bound by a promise given to MacArthur, remained on the throne. pl
dc.subject.pl aliancka okupacja Japonii pl
dc.subject.pl japońska monarchia pl
dc.subject.pl niedoszła abdykacja cesarza Hirohito pl
dc.subject.en allied occupation of Japan pl
dc.subject.en Japanese monarchy pl
dc.subject.en emperor’s Shōwa would-be abdication pl
dc.description.series Zeszyty Naukowe Uniwersytetu Jagiellońskiego, ISSN 0860-0139 pl
dc.description.volume 145 pl
dc.description.number 3 pl
dc.description.publication 1,75 pl
dc.identifier.doi 10.4467/20844069PH.18.028.8490 pl
dc.identifier.eissn 2084-4069 pl
dc.title.journal Zeszyty Naukowe Uniwersytetu Jagiellońskiego. Prace Historyczne pl
dc.language.container pol pl
dc.affiliation Wydział Historyczny : Instytut Historii pl
dc.subtype Article pl
dc.rights.original CC-BY-ND; otwarte czasopismo; ostateczna wersja wydawcy; w momencie opublikowania; 0 pl
dc.identifier.project ROD UJ / OP pl
.pointsMNiSW [2018 B]: 15


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