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Jeszcze o konstytucyjności art. 79 ust. 1 pkt 3 lit. b ustawy o prawie autorskim i prawach pokrewnych : uwagi na tle wyroku Trybunału Konstytucyjnego z 23.06.2015 r. (SK 32/14)

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Jeszcze o konstytucyjności art. 79 ust. 1 pkt 3 lit. b ustawy o prawie autorskim i prawach pokrewnych : uwagi na tle wyroku Trybunału Konstytucyjnego z 23.06.2015 r. (SK 32/14)

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dc.contributor.author Kućka, Michał [SAP13005988] pl
dc.date.accessioned 2018-12-20T11:30:44Z
dc.date.available 2018-12-20T11:30:44Z
dc.date.issued 2018 pl
dc.identifier.issn 1689-7080 pl
dc.identifier.uri https://ruj.uj.edu.pl/xmlui/handle/item/64406
dc.language pol pl
dc.rights Dodaję tylko opis bibliograficzny *
dc.rights.uri *
dc.title Jeszcze o konstytucyjności art. 79 ust. 1 pkt 3 lit. b ustawy o prawie autorskim i prawach pokrewnych : uwagi na tle wyroku Trybunału Konstytucyjnego z 23.06.2015 r. (SK 32/14) pl
dc.title.alternative Still on the constitutionality of Article 79 (1)(3)(b) of the Polish Copyright Law : remarks on a decision of the Constitutional Tribunal of 23 June 2015 (SK 32/14) pl
dc.type JournalArticle pl
dc.description.physical 8-30 pl
dc.description.additional Streszcz. ang. na s. 30 pl
dc.abstract.en Article 79(1)(3)(b) of the Polish Copyright Act was declared partially unconstitutional by a judgment issued on 23 June 2015 by the Constitutional Tribunal (SK 32/14), in so far as that provision permitted a person whose author’s economic rights were infringed to claim, in the event of a culpable infringement, the payment of a sum corresponding to thrice the amount of the appropriate fee. Since the judgment the provision has not been amended, even though the effects of the Tribunal’s judgment are vague (it has been differently interpreted by courts and legal scholars). It is unclear what impact the Tribunal’s judgment has on the part of Article 79(1)(3)(b), which is still in force. Moreover, it is uncertain whether the judgment can infl uence other regulations concerning the fl at-rate compensation in the Polish private law (e.g. penalty or liquidated damages). In the article, it is argued that the unconstitutionality of Article 79(1)(3)(b) concerned not only the amount of the flat-rate damages (thrice the amount of the fee due), but also the mechanism itself. That is why since 1 July 2015 (the day when the judgment became effective and Article 79 partially ceased to be in force), Article 79(1)(3)(b) of the Polish Copyright Act – in the part which is still binding – should be interpreted with due consideration for the Tribunal’s judgment. This means that a rightholder whose economic rights have been infringed may seek redress for the loss sustained on the basis of general principles or may seek payment of a sum of money corresponding to twice the amount of the appropriate fee (even if the infringement is not culpable, which is also disputable, because it is a ‘penalty without guilt’). However the burden of proof should be on the rightholder, who should establish that the facts of the given case justify the award of damages under Article 79(1)(3)(b) of the Polish Copyright Act and that it is accordingly ‘appropriate’ to do so. It must, as a minimum, either be ‘difficult to determine the amount of the actual loss sustained’ or there must be grounds to establish that the award of damages limited to a sum calculated by reference to subparagraph (a) of this provision is manifestly unjust or unreasonable. The judgment of 23 June 2015 rebutted the presumption of constitutionality of Article 79(1) (3)(b) of the Polish Copyright Act and therefore, in order to meet the standards introduced by the Constitutional Tribunal, courts should award rightholders twice the amount of the royalties normally due only on a case-to-case basis. However it must be emphasised that the rightholder must prove the loss (but not the precise amount of it) and the causal link between the event which infringed his rights and the loss. The flat-rate compensation can by no means be considered as a back door to punitive damages. pl
dc.subject.pl ryczałtowe odszkodowanie pl
dc.subject.pl obliczanie odszkodowania pl
dc.subject.pl naruszenie majątkowych praw autorskich pl
dc.subject.pl dwukrotność normalnie należnych opłat licencyjnych pl
dc.subject.en flat-rate compensation pl
dc.subject.en calculation of damages pl
dc.subject.en infringement of author’s economic rights pl
dc.subject.en twice the amount of the royalties normally due pl
dc.description.number 2 (140) pl
dc.description.publication 2,21 pl
dc.title.journal Zeszyty Naukowe Uniwersytetu Jagiellońskiego. Prace z Prawa Własności Intelektualnej pl
dc.language.container pol pl
dc.affiliation Wydział Prawa i Administracji : Katedra Prawa Cywilnego pl
dc.subtype Article pl
dc.rights.original bez licencji pl
dc.identifier.project ROD UJ / O pl
.pointsMNiSW [2018 B]: 13


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