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How does observational learning produce placebo effects? : a model integrating research findings

How does observational learning produce placebo ...

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dc.contributor.author Bajcar, Elżbieta [SAP14019575] pl
dc.contributor.author Bąbel, Przemysław [SAP11018939] pl
dc.date.accessioned 2018-11-23T11:46:30Z
dc.date.available 2018-11-23T11:46:30Z
dc.date.issued 2018 pl
dc.identifier.uri https://ruj.uj.edu.pl/xmlui/handle/item/61374
dc.language eng pl
dc.rights Udzielam licencji. Uznanie autorstwa 4.0 Międzynarodowa *
dc.rights.uri http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/pl/legalcode *
dc.title How does observational learning produce placebo effects? : a model integrating research findings pl
dc.type JournalArticle pl
dc.abstract.en There is a growing body of evidence proving that observational learning, in addition to classical conditioning and verbal suggestions, may induce both placebo analgesia and nocebo hyperalgesia. However, much less is known about the mechanisms and factors influencing placebo effects induced by observational learning. The paper critically reviews the research findings in the field in the context of Bandura’s social learning theory. We apply Bandura’s taxonomy of the sources of social learning (behavioral, symbolic, and verbal modeling) and discuss the results of previous studies. Critical points in the placebo effects induced by observational learning are identified.We discuss aspects of behavior presented by the model (both verbal and nonverbal) involved in the formation of placebo effects induced by observational learning as well as the role of expectancies in this process. As a result, we propose a model that integrates the existing research findings. The model shows the main ways of transmission of painrelated information from the model to the observer. It highlights the role of expectancies and the individual characteristics of the observer in formation of placebo analgesia and nocebo hyperalgesia induced by observational learning. Finally, we propose future research directions based on our model. pl
dc.subject.en modeling pl
dc.subject.en nocebo hyperalgesia pl
dc.subject.en observational learning pl
dc.subject.en social learning placebo analgesia pl
dc.description.volume 9 pl
dc.identifier.doi 10.3389/fpsyg.2018.02041 pl
dc.identifier.eissn 1664-1078 pl
dc.title.journal Frontiers in Psychology pl
dc.language.container eng pl
dc.affiliation Wydział Filozoficzny : Instytut Psychologii pl
dc.subtype Article pl
dc.identifier.articleid 2041 pl
dc.rights.original CC-BY; otwarte czasopismo; ostateczna wersja wydawcy; w momencie opublikowania; 0 pl
dc.identifier.project ROD UJ / OP pl


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Udzielam licencji. Uznanie autorstwa 4.0 Międzynarodowa Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as Udzielam licencji. Uznanie autorstwa 4.0 Międzynarodowa