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The emergence of sex differences in personality traits in early adolescence : a cross-sectional, cross-cultural study

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The emergence of sex differences in personality traits in early adolescence : a cross-sectional, cross-cultural study

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dc.contributor.author De Bolle, Marleen pl
dc.contributor.author De Fruyt, Filip pl
dc.contributor.author McCrae, Robert R. pl
dc.contributor.author Löckenhoff, Corinna E. pl
dc.contributor.author Costa Jr., Paul T. pl
dc.contributor.author Aguilar-Vafaie, Maria E. pl
dc.contributor.author Ahn, Chang-kyu pl
dc.contributor.author Ahn, Hyun-nie pl
dc.contributor.author Alcalay, Lidia pl
dc.contributor.author Allik, Jüri pl
dc.contributor.author Avdeyeva, Tatyana V. pl
dc.contributor.author Bratko, Denis pl
dc.contributor.author Brunner-Sciarra, Marina pl
dc.contributor.author Cain, Thomas R. pl
dc.contributor.author Chan, Wayne pl
dc.contributor.author Chittcharat, Niyada pl
dc.contributor.author Crawford, Jarret T. pl
dc.contributor.author Fehr, Ryan pl
dc.contributor.author Ficková, Emília pl
dc.contributor.author Gelfand, Michele J. pl
dc.contributor.author Graf, Sylvie pl
dc.contributor.author Gülgöz, Sami pl
dc.contributor.author Hřebíčková, Martina pl
dc.contributor.author Jussim, Lee pl
dc.contributor.author Klinkosz, Waldemar pl
dc.contributor.author Knežević, Goran pl
dc.contributor.author Leibovich de Figueora, Nora pl
dc.contributor.author Lima, Margarida P. pl
dc.contributor.author Martin, Thomas A. pl
dc.contributor.author Marušić, Iris pl
dc.contributor.author Mastor, Khairul Anwar pl
dc.contributor.author Nakazato, Katsuharu pl
dc.contributor.author Nansubuga, Florence pl
dc.contributor.author Porrata, Jose pl
dc.contributor.author Purić, Danka pl
dc.contributor.author Realo, Anu pl
dc.contributor.author Reátegui, Norma pl
dc.contributor.author Rolland, Jean-Pierre pl
dc.contributor.author Schmidt, Vanina pl
dc.contributor.author Sekowski, Andrzej pl
dc.contributor.author Shakespeare-Finch, Jane pl
dc.contributor.author Shimonaka, Yoshiko pl
dc.contributor.author Simonetti, Franco pl
dc.contributor.author Siuta, Jerzy [SAP11004545] pl
dc.contributor.author Szmigielska, Barbara [SAP11009151] pl
dc.contributor.author Vanno, Vitanya pl
dc.contributor.author Wang, Lei pl
dc.contributor.author Yik, Michelle pl
dc.contributor.author Terracciano, Antonio pl
dc.date.accessioned 2015-04-17T17:24:50Z
dc.date.available 2015-04-17T17:24:50Z
dc.date.issued 2015 pl
dc.identifier.issn 0022-3514 pl
dc.identifier.uri http://ruj.uj.edu.pl/xmlui/handle/item/5240
dc.language eng pl
dc.rights Dodaję tylko opis bibliograficzny *
dc.rights.uri *
dc.title The emergence of sex differences in personality traits in early adolescence : a cross-sectional, cross-cultural study pl
dc.type JournalArticle pl
dc.description.physical 171-185 pl
dc.abstract.en Although large international studies have found consistent patterns of sex differences in personality traits among adults (i.e., women scoring higher on most facets), less is known about cross-cultural sex differences in adolescent personality and the role of culture and age in shaping them. The present study examines NEO Personality Inventory-3 (NEO-PI-3, McCrae, Costa, & Martin, 2005) informant ratings of adolescents from 23 cultures (N = 4,850) and investigates culture and age as sources of variability in sex differences of adolescents’ personality. The effect for Neuroticism (with females scoring higher than males) begins to take on its adult form around age 14. Girls score higher on Openness to Experience and Conscientiousness at all ages between 12 and 17 years. A more complex pattern emerges for Extraversion and Agreeableness, although by age 17, sex differences for these traits are highly similar to those observed in adulthood. Cross-sectional data suggest that (1) with advancing age, sex differences found in adolescents increasingly converge towards adult patterns with respect to both direction and magnitude; (2) girls display sex-typed personality traits at an earlier age than boys; and (3) the emergence of sex differences was similar across culture. Practical implications of the present findings are discussed. pl
dc.subject.en personality pl
dc.subject.en adolescence pl
dc.subject.en sex differences pl
dc.subject.en cross-cultural pl
dc.description.volume 108 pl
dc.description.number 1 pl
dc.identifier.doi 10.1037/a0038497 pl
dc.identifier.eissn 1939-1315 pl
dc.title.journal Journal of Personality and Social Psychology pl
dc.language.container eng pl
dc.affiliation Wydział Filozoficzny : Instytut Psychologii pl
dc.subtype Article pl
dc.rights.original bez licencji pl
.pointsMNiSW [2015 A]: 45


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