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Role of magnetic resonance imaging, magnetic resonance spectroscopy and transrectal ultrasound in evaluation of prostatic pathologies with focus on prostate cancer

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Role of magnetic resonance imaging, magnetic resonance spectroscopy and transrectal ultrasound in evaluation of prostatic pathologies with focus on prostate cancer

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dc.contributor.author Lahoti, Amol Madanlal pl
dc.contributor.author Dhok, Avinash Parshuram pl
dc.contributor.author Rantnaparkhi, Chetana Ramesh pl
dc.contributor.author Rawat, Jitesh Subhash pl
dc.contributor.author Chandak, Nihar Umakant pl
dc.contributor.author Tawari, Hitesh Sharad pl
dc.date.accessioned 2018-01-05T12:57:55Z
dc.date.available 2018-01-05T12:57:55Z
dc.date.issued 2017 pl
dc.identifier.issn 1733-134X pl
dc.identifier.uri https://ruj.uj.edu.pl/xmlui/handle/item/48122
dc.language eng pl
dc.rights Udzielam licencji. Uznanie autorstwa - Użycie niekomercyjne - Bez utworów zależnych 3.0 Polska *
dc.rights.uri http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/pl/legalcode *
dc.title Role of magnetic resonance imaging, magnetic resonance spectroscopy and transrectal ultrasound in evaluation of prostatic pathologies with focus on prostate cancer pl
dc.type JournalArticle pl
dc.description.physical 827-836 pl
dc.description.additional Bibliogr. s. 836 pl
dc.abstract.en Background: Prostate cancer (PC) is an important medical and socio-economical problem due to its increasing incidence. The development of the prostate specific antigen (PSA) test, and a continuing decrease in the rates of other common neoplasms, such as lung and stomach since mid-1980s, prostate cancer has become one of the most common cancers among men. Prostate cancer (PC) is the second most common cancer in men, preceded only by lung cancer, and its early diagnosis is crucial for a successful treatment, that will prolong survival and improve quality of life. The main objective of our study was to evaluate the role of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) and transrectal ultrasound (TRUS) in detecting prostatic pathologies and staging of prostate cancer by correlating these methods with histopathological results. Material/Methods: The study is a cross-sectional diagnostic study performed in 66 patients with a high degree of clinical suspicion of prostatic pathology. All patients underwent TRUS, T1W, T2W, DWI, and 3D PRESSMRS sequences, and we also calculated ADC values and Cho Cr/Cit MRS ratios for all patients. Results: Combination of MRI and MRS showed the highest diagnostic accuracy among the imaging modalities in detecting of prostatic neoplasm, followed by MRI, and then by TRUS. MRS plays a complementary role to MRI, by increasing its diagnostic accuracy. Due to a high cost, limited availability and increased scanning time, combination of MRI and MRS is currently not recommended as a first line investigation for detecting prostate neoplasms, hence USG (TRUS) remains the first line investigation due to its low cost, easy availability, time effectiveness and comparable efficacy. Conclusions: MRI MRS has more diagnostic accuracy than MRI alone for detection of prostate pathologies. MRS, plays significant complementary role and should be included in the routine MR imaging protocols. MRI helps in diagnosis, localization, better tissue characterization and staging of prostate cancer. TRUS is easily available, cost effective and has comparable efficacy. pl
dc.subject.en diffusion magnetic resonance imaging pl
dc.subject.en magnetic resonance imaging pl
dc.subject.en magnetic resonance spectroscopy pl
dc.subject.en prostate pl
dc.subject.en prostatic neoplasms pl
dc.subject.en ultrasound pl
dc.subject.en high-intensity focused pl
dc.subject.en transrectal pl
dc.description.volume 82 pl
dc.identifier.doi 10.12659/PJR.903958 pl
dc.identifier.eissn 1899-0967 pl
dc.title.journal Polish Journal of Radiology pl
dc.language.container eng pl
dc.subtype Article pl
dc.rights.original CC-BY-NC-ND; otwarte czasopismo; ostateczna wersja wydawcy; w momencie opublikowania; 0 pl


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Udzielam licencji. Uznanie autorstwa - Użycie niekomercyjne - Bez utworów zależnych 3.0 Polska Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as Udzielam licencji. Uznanie autorstwa - Użycie niekomercyjne - Bez utworów zależnych 3.0 Polska