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Extemely cold summers months in Central and Eastern Europe (1951-2010)

Extemely cold summers months in Central and Eastern ...

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dc.contributor.author Twardosz, Józef [SAP11015038] pl
dc.contributor.author Kossowska-Cezak, Urszula pl
dc.date.accessioned 2015-04-07T08:25:20Z
dc.date.available 2015-04-07T08:25:20Z
dc.date.issued 2015 pl
dc.identifier.issn 0921-030X pl
dc.identifier.uri http://ruj.uj.edu.pl/xmlui/handle/item/4575
dc.language eng pl
dc.rights Udzielam licencji. Uznanie autorstwa 4.0 Międzynarodowa *
dc.rights.uri http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/pl/legalcode *
dc.title Extemely cold summers months in Central and Eastern Europe (1951-2010) pl
dc.type JournalArticle pl
dc.description.physical 2013-2026 pl
dc.description.additional Józef Twardosz podpisany: Robert Twardosz pl
dc.abstract.en The paper reports on a study of extremely cool summers (ECS), a rare but significant phenomenon responsible for various adverse economic effects. These include, in particular, effects on agriculture and the tourist industry. The seasons, their spatial extent and individual characteristics were identified in Central and Eastern Europe. The research was based on average seasonal air temperatures (June to August) and the numbers of days with maximum temperatures >25, 30 and 35 °C and minimum temperatures >20 °C, as recorded at 59 weather stations during the period 1951-2010. An ECS was defined as having an average temperature at least 2 standard deviations (t ≤ tav. - 2σ) lower than the average at a given station during the study period. ECS occurred at only 34 of the 59 stations (58 % of all stations), one or two per station, mainly in the northern part of the study area. Six such seasons were recorded by at least 5 % of all stations in 1962, 1969, 1976, 1978, 1984 and 1994. The average temperature of an ECS was typically 2-3 °C lower than the long-term average. While some ECSs included an extremely cool month, most such seasons (58 %) were defined by low temperatures persisting for long periods in all summer months. pl
dc.subject.en cool summers pl
dc.subject.en Central Europe pl
dc.subject.en temperature anomaly pl
dc.subject.en Eastern Europe pl
dc.description.volume 75 pl
dc.description.number 2 pl
dc.identifier.doi 10.1007/s11069-014-1411-1 pl
dc.identifier.eissn 1573-0840 pl
dc.title.journal Natural Hazards pl
dc.language.container eng pl
dc.affiliation Wydział Biologii i Nauk o Ziemi : Instytut Geografii i Gospodarki Przestrzennej pl
dc.subtype Article pl
dc.rights.original CC-BY; inne; ostateczna wersja wydawcy; w momencie opublikowania; 0 pl
dc.identifier.project ROD UJ / P pl
.pointsMNiSW [2015 A]: 25

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Udzielam licencji. Uznanie autorstwa 4.0 Międzynarodowa Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as Udzielam licencji. Uznanie autorstwa 4.0 Międzynarodowa