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There was not, they did not : may negation cause the negated ideas to be remembered as existing?

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There was not, they did not : may negation cause the negated ideas to be remembered as existing?

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dc.contributor.author Maciuszek, Józef [SAP11016995] pl
dc.contributor.author Polczyk, Romuald [SAP11016148] pl
dc.date.accessioned 2017-05-18T08:19:50Z
dc.date.available 2017-05-18T08:19:50Z
dc.date.issued 2017 pl
dc.identifier.uri http://ruj.uj.edu.pl/xmlui/handle/item/40624
dc.language eng pl
dc.rights Udzielam licencji. Uznanie autorstwa 4.0 Międzynarodowa *
dc.rights.uri http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/pl/legalcode *
dc.title There was not, they did not : may negation cause the negated ideas to be remembered as existing? pl
dc.type JournalArticle pl
dc.description.additional Bibliogr. s. [19-21] pl
dc.identifier.weblink http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0176452 pl
dc.abstract.en In this article we demonstrate that negation of ideas can have paradoxical effects, possibly leading the listener to believe that the negated ideas actually existed. In Experiment 1, participants listened to a description of a house, in which some objects were mentioned, some were negated, and some were not mentioned at all. When questioned about the existence of these objects a week later, the participants gave more false positives for items that were negated in the original material than for items that were not mentioned at all, an effect we call negation related false memories (NRFM). The NRFM effect was replicated again in Experiment 2 with a sample of five and six year-old children. Experiment 3 confirmed NRFM in the case of negated actions. The results are discussed in terms of retention hypothesis, as well as the theory that negation can activate a representation of an entity and behaviour. It is also indicated that future research is needed to ensure that it is indeed negation which caused false alarms, not merely mentioning an object. pl
dc.description.volume 12 pl
dc.description.number 4 pl
dc.description.publication 1,4 pl
dc.identifier.doi 10.1371/journal.pone.0176452 pl
dc.identifier.eissn 1932-6203 pl
dc.title.journal PLoS ONE pl
dc.language.container eng pl
dc.date.accession 2017-05-15 pl
dc.affiliation Wydział Filozoficzny : Instytut Psychologii pl
dc.affiliation Wydział Zarządzania i Komunikacji Społecznej : Instytut Psychologii Stosowanej pl
dc.subtype Article pl
dc.identifier.articleid e0176452 pl
dc.rights.original CC-BY; otwarte czasopismo; ostateczna wersja wydawcy; w momencie opublikowania; 0; pl
dc.identifier.project ROD UJ / P pl
.pointsMNiSW [2017 A]: 40


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Udzielam licencji. Uznanie autorstwa 4.0 Międzynarodowa Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as Udzielam licencji. Uznanie autorstwa 4.0 Międzynarodowa