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Springs in South-Central Poland : changes and threats

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Springs in South-Central Poland : changes and threats

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dc.contributor.author Siwek, Janusz [SAP11116704] pl
dc.contributor.author Pociask-Karteczka, Joanna [SAP11010767] pl
dc.date.accessioned 2017-04-27T07:04:47Z
dc.date.available 2017-04-27T07:04:47Z
dc.date.issued 2017 pl
dc.identifier.issn 0705-3797 pl
dc.identifier.uri http://ruj.uj.edu.pl/xmlui/handle/item/39811
dc.language eng pl
dc.rights Udzielam licencji. Uznanie autorstwa - Użycie niekomercyjne 4.0 Międzynarodowa *
dc.rights.uri http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/pl/legalcode *
dc.title Springs in South-Central Poland : changes and threats pl
dc.type JournalArticle pl
dc.description.physical 38-46 pl
dc.description.additional Bibliogr. s. 45-46 pl
dc.abstract.en Springs are an attractive and dynamic element of natural environment, as well as an important part of cultural landscape. Numerous studies have been undertaken in the Krakowsko-Wielunska and Miechowska Uplands for over 40 years. As many as 246 springs were mapped in the 1970’s and investigations have continued to the present. These have considered the type of spring, discharges, chemical composition of water, and spring surroundings including the species composition of habitats. The long period of observations has revealed changes of spring properties due to natural and anthropogenic factors. Only 38% of investigated springs maintained their natural character. The majority were completely devastated and overwhelmed. Waste was found in more than 20 springs. Also a decrease in spring discharge of about 10-30% compared to the 1970’s and 1990’s was noticed. But there was no clear common tendency of improvement or degradation of water quality in the whole area. However the problem of spring water pollution still persists mostly due to agriculture activity and long distance air pollution transport. Interdisciplinary research and collaboration of scientists with local authorities seems to be the only way to solve the problem of spring water quality and adequate management of their surroundings. Results of the studies have provided knowledge and a basis for concrete management application. pl
dc.subject.en spring pl
dc.subject.en threats pl
dc.subject.en uplands pl
dc.subject.en jurassic pl
dc.description.volume 40 pl
dc.description.number 1 pl
dc.description.points 30 pl
dc.identifier.doi 10.18814/epiiugs/2017/v40i1/017006 pl
dc.identifier.eissn 2586-1298 pl
dc.title.journal Episodes pl
dc.language.container eng pl
dc.affiliation Wydział Geografii i Geologii : Instytut Geografii i Gospodarki Przestrzennej pl
dc.subtype Article pl
dc.rights.original CC-BY-NC; otwarte czasopismo; ostateczna wersja wydawcy; w momencie opublikowania; 0; pl
dc.identifier.project ROD UJ / P pl
.pointsMNiSW [2017 A]: 30


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Udzielam licencji. Uznanie autorstwa - Użycie niekomercyjne 4.0 Międzynarodowa Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as Udzielam licencji. Uznanie autorstwa - Użycie niekomercyjne 4.0 Międzynarodowa