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A recurrent case of pentalogy of Cantrell : a rare case with sonological findings and review of literature

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A recurrent case of pentalogy of Cantrell : a rare case with sonological findings and review of literature

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dc.contributor.author Srinivas M., Naren Satya pl
dc.contributor.author Mayilvaganan, Kamala Retnam pl
dc.contributor.author Prathyusha, Ivvala Sai pl
dc.contributor.author Gautam, Munnangi Satya pl
dc.contributor.author Raidu, Deepthi pl
dc.contributor.author Amogh, V. N. pl
dc.date.accessioned 2017-02-27T13:27:31Z
dc.date.available 2017-02-27T13:27:31Z
dc.date.issued 2017 pl
dc.identifier.issn 1733-134X pl
dc.identifier.uri http://ruj.uj.edu.pl/xmlui/handle/item/38928
dc.language eng pl
dc.rights Udzielam licencji. Uznanie autorstwa - Użycie niekomercyjne - Bez utworów zależnych 3.0 Polska *
dc.rights.uri http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/pl/legalcode *
dc.title A recurrent case of pentalogy of Cantrell : a rare case with sonological findings and review of literature pl
dc.type JournalArticle pl
dc.description.physical 28-31 pl
dc.description.additional Bibliogr. s. 31 pl
dc.abstract.en BACKGROUND: Pentalogy of Cantrell (POC) is an extremely rare and complex congenital anomaly. Ultrasound is a valuable, safe, nonionizing, cost effective, widely available, and easily reproducible imaging tool and is indispensible in the diagnosis of POC. Despite the rarity of POC, it is imperative for a radiologist to be aware of its wide spectrum of presentation on ultrasound in first trimester of gestation. Most reported cases in literature till now have been sporadic. In this paper, we aimed to report for the first time in literature, a recurrent case of POC detected in the first trimester in a mother whose previous pregnancy also was terminated in the second trimester medically due to the ultrasound diagnosis of POC. We also discuss the role of ultrasound and other imaging modalities in a case of POC as well as the differential diagnoses which can mimic POC. CASE REPORT: A 23-year-old G2P0A1 (Gravida2, para0, abortion1) woman with a gestational age of around 12 weeks was referred for a routine first trimester ultrasound scan. The antenatal ultrasound scan showed a single, live, intrauterine gestation corresponding to a gestational age of 11 weeks and 5 days. The fetal heart was visualized outside the chest through a defect in the lower sternum in association with anterior diaphragmatic and ventral abdominal wall defects suggestive of thoraco-abdominal variety of ectopia cardis. There was a membrane covered, midline, abdominal wall defect at the base of the umbilical cord insertion containing the herniated abdominal organs including the liver, bowel loops and the ectopic cardia. There was a breach in the normal outline of the lower sternum indicating a sternal deficiency. The fetal pericardium was absent. The nuchal translucency was grossly increased. Pentalogy of Cantrell was diagnosed on ultrasound and the patient was explained about the poor prognosis of this condition. An informed consent was obtained after she opted for medical termination of pregnancy. The autopsy confirmed all the above mentioned ultrasound features. CONCLUSIONS: Pentalogy of Cantrell (POC) is an extremely rare and complex syndrome of numerous fetal anomalies but should always be borne in the mind during the ultrasound evaluation of either of an omphalocele, ectopia cordis, distal sternal defect, pericardial defect, anterior diaphragmatic defect or intracardiac anomalies. Ultrasound is a valuable, safe, nonionizing, cost effective, widely available, and easily reproducible imaging tool for diagnosis of POC. Ultrasound should always be the primary mode of diagnosis in POC because although Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) can help in better delineation of fetal anomalies, it does not significantly alter the course of the pregnancy or the management of POC. pl
dc.subject.en congenital abnormalities pl
dc.subject.en pentalogy of Cantrell pl
dc.subject.en ultrasonography pl
dc.subject.en Doppler pl
dc.description.volume 82 pl
dc.identifier.doi 10.12659/PJR.900086 pl
dc.identifier.eissn 1899-0967 pl
dc.title.journal Polish Journal of Radiology pl
dc.language.container eng pl
dc.subtype Article pl
dc.rights.original CC-BY-NC-ND; otwarte czasopismo; ostateczna wersja wydawcy; w momencie opublikowania; 0; pl


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Udzielam licencji. Uznanie autorstwa - Użycie niekomercyjne - Bez utworów zależnych 3.0 Polska Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as Udzielam licencji. Uznanie autorstwa - Użycie niekomercyjne - Bez utworów zależnych 3.0 Polska