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The nature of the island and banana states in atoll sources and a unified model for low-mass X-ray binaries

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The nature of the island and banana states in atoll sources and a unified model for low-mass X-ray binaries

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dc.contributor.author Church, Michael J. pl
dc.contributor.author Gibiec, Andrzej [USOS29137] pl
dc.contributor.author Bałucińska-Church, Monika pl
dc.date.accessioned 2015-03-11T12:11:51Z
dc.date.available 2015-03-11T12:11:51Z
dc.date.issued 2014 pl
dc.identifier.issn 0035-8711 pl
dc.identifier.uri http://ruj.uj.edu.pl/xmlui/handle/item/3716
dc.language eng pl
dc.title The nature of the island and banana states in atoll sources and a unified model for low-mass X-ray binaries pl
dc.type JournalArticle pl
dc.description.physical 2784-2797 pl
dc.abstract.en We propose an explanation of the island and banana states and the relation between atoll and Z-track sources, constituting a unified model for low-mass X-ray binaries (LMXB). We find a dramatic transition at a luminosity of $1–2 × 10^{37} ergs^{-1}$ above which the high-energy cut-off $\it{E}_{CO}$ of the Comptonized emission in all sources is low at a few keV. There is thermal equilibrium between the neutron star at ∼2 keV and the Comptonizing accretion disc corona (ADC) causing the low $\it{E}_{CO}$ in the banana state of atolls and all states of the Z-track sources. Below this luminosity, $\it{E}_{CO}$ increases towards 100 keV causing the hardness of the island state. Thermal equilibrium is lost, the ADC becoming much hotter than the neutron star via an additional coronal heating mechanism. This suggests a unified model of LMXB: the banana state is a basic state with the mass accretion rate M increasing, corresponding to the normal branch of Z-track sources. The island state has high ADC temperature, this state not existing in the Z-sources with luminosities much greater than the critical value. The Z-track sources have an additional flaring branch consistent with unstable nuclear burning on the neutron star at high M˙. This burning regime does not exist at low M˙ so this branch is not seen in atolls (except GX atolls). The horizontal branch in Z-track sources has a strong increase in radiation pressure disrupting the inner disc and launching relativistic jets. pl
dc.subject.en acceleration of particles pl
dc.subject.en accretion disks pl
dc.subject.en binaries: close pl
dc.subject.en stars: neutron pl
dc.subject.en X-rays: binaries pl
dc.description.volume 438 pl
dc.description.number 4 pl
dc.identifier.doi 10.1093/mnras/stt2364 pl
dc.identifier.eissn 1365-2966 pl
dc.title.journal Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society pl
dc.language.container eng pl
dc.affiliation Wydział Fizyki, Astronomii i Informatyki Stosowanej : Instytut – Obserwatorium Astronomiczne pl
dc.subtype Article pl
dc.rights.original OTHER; inne; ostateczna wersja wydawcy; po opublikowaniu; 36; pl
.pointsMNiSW [2014 A]: 35


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