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Changes in the chemical composition of water percolating through the soil profile in a moderately polluted catchment

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Changes in the chemical composition of water percolating through the soil profile in a moderately polluted catchment

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dc.contributor.author Laskowski, Ryszard [SAP11012037] pl
dc.contributor.author Maryański, Maciej [SAP12012017] pl
dc.contributor.author Niklińska, Maria [SAP11012213] pl
dc.date.accessioned 2016-10-27T12:11:37Z
dc.date.available 2016-10-27T12:11:37Z
dc.date.issued 1995 pl
dc.identifier.issn 0049-6979 pl
dc.identifier.uri http://ruj.uj.edu.pl/xmlui/handle/item/31825
dc.language eng pl
dc.title Changes in the chemical composition of water percolating through the soil profile in a moderately polluted catchment pl
dc.type JournalArticle pl
dc.description.physical 1759-1764 pl
dc.abstract.en Throughfall (TF), stemflow (SF), soil solution below the organic layer (SSorg) and at 50 cm depth (SS50), and output with stream water (SW) were measured and analyzed for four years in a moderately polluted forest catchment in southern poland. The input of water with stemflow was ca. 6 A of input with TP. However, due to higher concentrations of most ions in SF, the input of most elements with SF was from 8% to 9%. Sulphate (SO42-), chloride (Cl-) and magnesium (Mg2+) were the only ions steadily increasing in concentrations in water percolating through the soil profile. Nitrogen reached the forest floor mainly as ammonium (NH4+). In the soil organic layer the NH4+ concentration decreased, while concentrations of nitrate (NO3-) and hydrogen (H+) increased, probably due to nitrification. For NO3-, sodium (Na+) and calcium (Ca2+), the highest concentrations were found in SSorg and SW. This indicates both efficient cycling in the biotic pool of the ecosystem and intensive weathering processes in the mineral soil below the plant rooting zone. The latter was especially pronounced for Mg and Ca. Concentrations of zinc (Zn), lead (Pb) and cadmium (Cd) were the highest in SSorg and SS50. As this was accompanied by a low pH and constant input of H+, NH4+ and heavy metal ions to the catchment area, it may pose a serious threat to forest health. pl
dc.description.volume 85 pl
dc.description.number 3 pl
dc.identifier.doi 10.1007/BF00477234 pl
dc.identifier.eissn 1573-2932 pl
dc.title.journal Water, Air, & Soil Pollution pl
dc.language.container eng pl
dc.affiliation Wydział Biologii i Nauk o Ziemi : Instytut Nauk o Środowisku pl
dc.subtype Article pl
dc.rights.original bez licencji pl


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