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The psychology of getting busy : multitasking as a consequence of goal activation


The psychology of getting busy : multitasking as a consequence of goal activation

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dc.contributor.author Szumowska, Ewa [SAP14013256] pl
dc.contributor.author Kruglanski, Arie W. pl
dc.date.accessioned 2022-04-08T11:34:05Z
dc.date.available 2022-04-08T11:34:05Z
dc.date.issued 2022 pl
dc.identifier.issn 0096-3445 pl
dc.identifier.uri https://ruj.uj.edu.pl/xmlui/handle/item/290770
dc.language eng pl
dc.rights Dodaję tylko opis bibliograficzny *
dc.rights.uri *
dc.title The psychology of getting busy : multitasking as a consequence of goal activation pl
dc.type JournalArticle pl
dc.description.physical 137-160 pl
dc.abstract.en With the constantly increasing popularity of human multitasking, it is crucial to know why people engage in simultaneous task performance or switch between unfinished tasks. In the present article, we propose that multitasking behavior occurs when people have multiple active goals; the greater their number, the greater the degree of multitasking. The number of currently considered goals is reduced where one goal’s significance overrides the others, reducing the degree of multitasking. We tested these hypotheses in a series of six studies in which we manipulated either goal activation or goal importance and investigated how this affected the degree of multitasking. The results showed that the more active goals participants actively entertained, the more likely they were to plan to engage in multitasking (Studies 1 and 5), and the more often they switched between tasks (Study 2). They also multitasked more under high interruption condition assumed to activate more goals than low interruption condition (Study 3). Further, we demonstrated that the degree of multitasking was significantly decreased by reducing the number of simultaneously considered goals, either via increasing the relative importance of one of the goals (Study 4) or via inducing greater commitment to one of the goals through a mental contrasting procedure (Study 5). Study 6, carried out in an academic context, additionally showed that the importance of a class-related goal negatively predicted media multitasking in class. The results thus show that goal activation is the underlying mechanism that explains why people multitask. pl
dc.subject.en goal activation pl
dc.subject.en goal importance pl
dc.subject.en multiple goals pl
dc.subject.en multitasking pl
dc.subject.en task switching pl
dc.description.volume 1 pl
dc.identifier.doi 10.1037/xge0001077 pl
dc.identifier.eissn 1939-2222 pl
dc.title.journal Journal of Experimental Psychology. General pl
dc.title.volume 151 pl
dc.language.container eng pl
dc.affiliation Wydział Filozoficzny : Instytut Psychologii pl
dc.subtype Article pl
dc.rights.original bez licencji pl
dc.pbn.affiliation Dziedzina nauk społecznych : psychologia pl
.pointsMNiSW [2022 A]: 0

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