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Many face(t)s of young people’s risk-taking : Individual and situational determinants

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Many face(t)s of young people’s risk-taking : Individual and situational determinants

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dc.contributor.author Czernecka, Karolina [USOS17212] pl
dc.contributor.author Fryt, Joanna [USOS17218] pl
dc.contributor.author Szczygieł, Monika [USOS99307] pl
dc.contributor.author La Torre, Amelia [USOS80538] pl
dc.contributor.author Smoleń, Tomasz [SAP13001231] pl
dc.date.accessioned 2021-10-11T10:06:19Z
dc.date.available 2021-10-11T10:06:19Z
dc.date.issued 2018 pl
dc.identifier.issn 2353-4192 pl
dc.identifier.uri https://ruj.uj.edu.pl/xmlui/handle/item/279705
dc.language eng pl
dc.rights Udzielam licencji. Uznanie autorstwa - Użycie niekomercyjne - Na tych samych warunkach 4.0 Międzynarodowa *
dc.rights.uri http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0/pl/legalcode *
dc.title Many face(t)s of young people’s risk-taking : Individual and situational determinants pl
dc.type JournalArticle pl
dc.description.physical 112-121 pl
dc.description.additional Bibliogr. s. 119-121 pl
dc.abstract.en Background. Adolescence and young adulthood are frequently characterised by a strong propensity to take risks. Yet, empirical data shows that personality traits, type and features of risk measures, or presence of additional incentives can significantly influence one’s risk-taking tendency. Our aim was to investigate young people’s risk-taking and point out when and how individual and situational factors may increase or decrease their risk-taking propensity. Participants and procedure: Participants were adolescents and emerging adults (N = 173, age range: 13-30). Each completed two behavioural risk measures ("hot" and "cold" decision tasks) in two conditions, with or without financial incentives. Questionnaires assessing self-declared risk-taking, sensation seeking, and impulsivity were also used. Statistical analyses were conducted with gender and age as additional factors. Results: In "hot" risk tasks all participants risked the same, while the tendency to take risks in "cold" tasks was higher for older participants, especially in the presence of incentives. Males risked more than females, apart from "hot" incentivised tasks where no gender differences were found. Sensation seeking and impulsivity were significant predictors of risk-taking in "hot" incentivised tasks, while performance in "cold" non-incentivised tasks depended on sensation seeking only. Conclusions: Our results show that risk-taking is not a unitary phenomenon, and young people are not universal risk-takers. Certain personality traits seem to predispose this group to taking risks, but only in some circumstances (e.g. "hot" decisions). Factors such as task context or additional incentives can not only increase but also decrease risk-taking in young people, resulting in more caution on their behalf. pl
dc.subject.en impulsivity pl
dc.subject.en adolescents pl
dc.subject.en young adults pl
dc.subject.en sensation-seeking pl
dc.subject.en risk-taking pl
dc.description.volume 6 pl
dc.description.number 2 pl
dc.identifier.doi 10.5114/cipp.2018.72268 pl
dc.identifier.eissn 2353-561X pl
dc.title.journal Current Issues in Personality Psychology pl
dc.language.container eng pl
dc.affiliation Wydział Filozoficzny : Instytut Psychologii pl
dc.subtype Article pl
dc.rights.original CC-BY-NC-SA; otwarte czasopismo; ostateczna wersja wydawcy; w momencie opublikowania; 0 pl
dc.identifier.project RUJ / OP pl
dc.identifier.project 2015/18/E/HS6/00152 pl
dc.pbn.affiliation Dziedzina nauk społecznych : psychologia pl
.pointsMNiSW [2018 B]: 12


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Udzielam licencji. Uznanie autorstwa - Użycie niekomercyjne - Na tych samych warunkach 4.0 Międzynarodowa Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as Udzielam licencji. Uznanie autorstwa - Użycie niekomercyjne - Na tych samych warunkach 4.0 Międzynarodowa