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Natural and built environments and blood pressure of Alpine schoolchildren


Natural and built environments and blood pressure of Alpine schoolchildren

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dc.contributor.author Dzhambov, Angel M. pl
dc.contributor.author Lercher, Peter pl
dc.contributor.author Markevych, Iana [SAP14041308] pl
dc.contributor.author Browning, Matthew H.E.M. pl
dc.contributor.author Rüdisser, Johannes pl
dc.date.accessioned 2021-09-24T17:28:34Z
dc.date.available 2021-09-24T17:28:34Z
dc.date.issued 2022 pl
dc.identifier.issn 0013-9351 pl
dc.identifier.uri https://ruj.uj.edu.pl/xmlui/handle/item/279094
dc.language eng pl
dc.rights Dodaję tylko opis bibliograficzny *
dc.rights.uri *
dc.title Natural and built environments and blood pressure of Alpine schoolchildren pl
dc.type JournalArticle pl
dc.abstract.en Background: Early life environments may influence children's blood pressure (BP), but evidence on the combined effects of natural and built environment exposures is scarce. The present study investigates the associations of natural and built environment indicators, traffic noise, and air pollution with BP in children living in Alpine valleys. Methods: In 2004/2005, 1251 school children (8-12 years old) were sampled for a cross-sectional survey in several Austrian and Italian mountain valleys. Children's mothers completed a questionnaire. The outcomes of interest were systolic and diastolic BP measured with a calibrated oscillometric device. Indicators of land cover assigned to the residential and school coordinates within 100 and 1000 m included normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI), tree canopy cover, and a broader naturalness indicator titled distance to nature (D2N). The presence of a home garden was also measured via self-report. Imperviousness density served as a proxy for the built environment. Residential air pollution (NO2) and noise (Lden) from traffic were calculated using bespoke modeling. NO2, Lden, physical activity, and body mass index (BMI) were treated as mediating pathways. Results: Higher NDVI and tree cover levels in residential and school surroundings and home gardens were consistently associated with lower BP. The built environment was associated with higher BP. Counterintuitive inverse associations between NO2 and Lden and BP were also found. SEM showed that higher levels of greenspace and presence of a home garden were weakly associated with more outdoor play spaces, and in turn with lower BMI, and ultimately with lower BP. Conclusions: Exposure to natural environments may help maintain normal BP in children, while built environment may increase children's BP. Outdoor play and less adiposity in greener areas may mediate some of these associations. Evidence on air pollution and noise remains controversial and difficult to explain. pl
dc.subject.en air pollution pl
dc.subject.en CVD pl
dc.subject.en green space pl
dc.subject.en greenness pl
dc.subject.en grey space pl
dc.subject.en traffic noise pl
dc.description.volume 204 pl
dc.description.number Part A pl
dc.identifier.doi 10.1016/j.envres.2021.111925 pl
dc.identifier.eissn 1096-0953 pl
dc.title.journal Environmental Research pl
dc.language.container eng pl
dc.affiliation Wydział Filozoficzny : Instytut Psychologii pl
dc.subtype Article pl
dc.identifier.articleid 111925 pl
dc.rights.original bez licencji pl
dc.identifier.project ROD UJ / O pl
.pointsMNiSW [2022 A]: 0

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