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Miłosz wobec Conrada w "Traktacie moralnym"


Miłosz wobec Conrada w "Traktacie moralnym"

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dc.contributor.author Dudek, Jolanta [SAP11009702] pl
dc.date.accessioned 2016-06-07T17:42:15Z
dc.date.available 2016-06-07T17:42:15Z
dc.date.issued 2012 pl
dc.identifier.issn 0035-9602 pl
dc.identifier.uri http://ruj.uj.edu.pl/xmlui/handle/item/27629
dc.language pol pl
dc.rights Udzielam licencji. Uznanie autorstwa - Użycie niekomercyjne - Bez utworów zależnych 3.0 *
dc.rights.uri http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/legalcode *
dc.title Miłosz wobec Conrada w "Traktacie moralnym" pl
dc.title.alternative Miłosz and Conrad in "The Treatise on morality" pl
dc.type JournalArticle pl
dc.description.physical 489-512 pl
dc.description.additional Streszcz. po ang. pl
dc.identifier.weblink http://journals.pan.pl/dlibra/publication/96142/edition/82890/content pl
dc.abstract.en It would appear that Czesław Miłosz’s "Treatise on Morality" - one of whose aims was to “stave despair" - was largely inspired by the writings of Joseph Conrad. That Miłosz had no wish to draw his readers’ attention to this is perfectly understandable, given Conrad’s particularly low standing in the eyes of communist State censors. This long poem, which extols human freedom and pours scorn on socialist realism (together with its ideological premises), is one of Miłosz’s best known works in his native Poland, where it was published in 1948. The Treatise on Morality may well have been inspired by three of Conrad’s essays that were banned in communist Poland: ‘Autocracy and War’ (1905), ‘A Note on the Polish Problem’ (1916) and ‘The Crime of Partition’ (1919). After the Second World War, translations of these three essays were not available to the general Polish reader until … 1996! Conrad’s writings helped Miłosz to diagnose Poland’s political predicament from a historical perspective and to look for a way out of it without losing all hope. An analysis of the Treatise on Morality shows that only by reconstructing the Conradian atmosphere and context - alluded to in the text - can we fully grasp all the levels of the poet’s irony, which culminates in a final “punchline”. Apart from allusions to The Heart of Darkness and the brutal colonization of the Congo, the fate of post-war Poland is also seen through the optic of those of Conrad’s novels that deal with the subject of depraved revolutionaries: Nostromo (1904), The Secret Agent (1907) and Under Western Eyes (1911). Conrad’s ideas for ways to fight against bad fortune and despair are suggested not only by his stories Youth (1902) and Typhoon (1903) - and by his novels The Nigger of the "Narcissus" and Lord Jim - but also and above all by his volume of memoirs entitled A Personal Record (1912), in which he relates his yearning for freedom as the young, tragic victim of a foreign empire. In an article entitled ‘Joseph Conrad in Polish Eyes’ and published in 1957 - on the hundredth anniversary of Conrad’s birth - Miłosz writes that, through his writings, Conrad fulfilled the hopes of his father (who gave him the name "Konrad") and that although "the son did not want to assume a burden that had crushed his father, he had nevertheless become the defender of freedom against the blights of autocracy". pl
dc.subject.pl Czesław Miłosz pl
dc.subject.pl Joseph Conrad pl
dc.subject.en Czesław Miłosz pl
dc.subject.en Joseph Conrad pl
dc.description.volume 53 pl
dc.description.number 4-5 (313-314) pl
dc.description.publication 1,6 pl
dc.identifier.doi 10.2478/v10273-012-0031-1 pl
dc.identifier.eissn 2300-1968 pl
dc.title.journal Ruch Literacki pl
dc.language.container pol pl
dc.date.accession 2017-11-09 pl
dc.affiliation Wydział Polonistyki : Katedra Teorii Literatury pl
dc.subtype Article pl
dc.rights.original CC-BY-NC-ND; otwarte czasopismo; ostateczna wersja wydawcy; w momencie opublikowania; 0 pl
dc.identifier.project ROD UJ / P pl
.pointsMNiSW [2012 C]: 10

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