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Niedozwolone postanowienia umowne powodujące brak związania umową oraz przesłanki ich zastąpienia


Niedozwolone postanowienia umowne powodujące brak związania umową oraz przesłanki ich zastąpienia

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dc.contributor.author Karasek-Wojciechowicz, Iwona [SAP11016206] pl
dc.date.accessioned 2021-07-02T06:35:55Z
dc.date.available 2021-07-02T06:35:55Z
dc.date.issued 2021 pl
dc.identifier.issn 1641-1609 pl
dc.identifier.uri https://ruj.uj.edu.pl/xmlui/handle/item/276047
dc.language pol pl
dc.rights Dozwolony użytek utworów chronionych *
dc.rights.uri http://ruj.uj.edu.pl/4dspace/License/copyright/licencja_copyright.pdf *
dc.title Niedozwolone postanowienia umowne powodujące brak związania umową oraz przesłanki ich zastąpienia pl
dc.title.alternative Unfair contractual terms resulting in the entire agreement being not binding and prerequisites for their replacement pl
dc.type JournalArticle pl
dc.description.physical 35-83 pl
dc.description.additional Bibliogr. s. 81-82 pl
dc.identifier.weblink http://www.transformacje.pl/wp-content/uploads/2021/06/TPP-2-2021-Krasek.pdf pl
dc.abstract.en The article is devoted, firstly, to defining the criteria for identifying unfair clauses in a Polish law governed consumer contract without which such contract cannot be binding on the parties in its entirety. Secondly, the article indicates the permissible scope for eliminating the unfair clauses. Finally, the requirements for replacing an unfair clause with a supplementary provision of Polish law, which allow the contract to be maintained, are analyzed. In the conclusions, the paper indicates that limits of the possibility of maintaining the contract in force are determined by the limits of conversion of defective contracts. The contract cannot be upheld if the removal of the unfair clause will materially transform its main subject matter (essential elements) or main contractual risk. A court cannot maintain an agreement by replacing it with a new content of rights and obligations which would not be foreseen by the parties due to public law regulations that apply to at least one of the parties (e.g. prudential requirements applicable to banks). Those public law requirements must not be violated by banks, and consequently, the courts shaping the contract anew do not have the power to violate those regulations as well. Such a practice would lead to the mass creation by courts of legal relationships generating systemic risks. If, without a given unfair clause, the contract cannot be binding, it cannot be declared by a court binding on the sole ground that it would constitute a sanction imposed by a civil court which may discourage the entrepreneur from continued use of unfair clauses. pl
dc.subject.pl postanowienie niedozwolone pl
dc.subject.pl umowa konsumencka pl
dc.subject.pl klauzula abuzywna pl
dc.subject.pl nieuczciwe warunki pl
dc.subject.pl eliminacja postanowienia niedozwolonego pl
dc.subject.pl utrzymanie umowy wiążącej pl
dc.subject.pl sankcje klauzuli abuzywnej pl
dc.subject.pl zdolność umowy do jej utrzymania po usunięciu nieuczciwych warunków pl
dc.subject.pl zastąpienie postanowienia niedozwolonego przepisem dyspozytywnym pl
dc.subject.en unfair clause pl
dc.subject.en unfair term pl
dc.subject.en consumer contract pl
dc.subject.en eliminating the unfair clause pl
dc.subject.en maintaining the contract binding pl
dc.subject.en sanction against unfair clauses pl
dc.subject.en contract capability of continuing in existence without the unfair terms pl
dc.subject.en replacing unfair term with a supplementary provision of national law pl
dc.description.number 2 pl
dc.identifier.doi 10.26106/yc9r-zy93 pl
dc.title.journal Transformacje Prawa Prywatnego pl
dc.language.container pol pl
dc.date.accession 2021-07-02 pl
dc.affiliation Wydział Prawa i Administracji : Katedra Prawa Cywilnego pl
dc.subtype Article pl
dc.rights.original OTHER; otwarte czasopismo; ostateczna wersja wydawcy; w momencie opublikowania; 0 pl
dc.identifier.project ROD UJ / OP pl
.pointsMNiSW [2021 A]: 70

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