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Wpływ Rudbeckia laciniata L. na pokrywę roślinną oraz wielkość i skład gatunkowy glebowego banku nasion nieużytkowanych łąk

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Wpływ Rudbeckia laciniata L. na pokrywę roślinną oraz wielkość i skład gatunkowy glebowego banku nasion nieużytkowanych łąk

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dc.contributor.advisor Nobis, Marcin [SAP11018770] pl
dc.contributor.author Jędrzejczak, Elżbieta [USOS64118] pl
dc.date.accessioned 2021-04-21T15:42:10Z
dc.date.available 2021-04-21T15:42:10Z
dc.date.submitted 2020-06-02 pl
dc.identifier.uri https://ruj.uj.edu.pl/xmlui/handle/item/269476
dc.language pol pl
dc.rights Copyright *
dc.rights.uri http://ruj.uj.edu.pl/4dspace/License/copyright/licencja_copyright.pdf *
dc.title Wpływ Rudbeckia laciniata L. na pokrywę roślinną oraz wielkość i skład gatunkowy glebowego banku nasion nieużytkowanych łąk pl
dc.title.alternative Effect of Rudbeckia laciniata L. invasion on ground vegetation and soil seed bank in ann abandoned meadow communities pl
dc.type Thesis pl
dc.place Kraków pl
dc.description.physical 113 pl
dc.description.additional Bibliogr. s. 70-81 pl
dc.abstract.en Invasive plants are generally understood as alien taxa that have a tendency to displace native species and decrease biodiversity through formation of dense monoculture. Although in recent years many studies have been conducted in invaded communities, there are still alien plant species which ecology and invasive potential have not been sufficiently examined. In addition, a lot of research focus on ground-vegetation, whereas, soil seed bank and physicochemical properties of soil play a major role in maintaining floristic diversity. Rudbeckia laciniata is an herbaceous perennial species from the family Asteraceae. It is native to North America, however it was brought to the Europe as an ornamental plant in the 17th century. Nowadays it spreads into semi-natural and natural habitats across the Europe and Asia. The aim of this study is to investigate how Rudbeckia laciniata affects three components of invaded communities: 1) native ground-vegetation; 2) size and composition of soil seed bank; and 3) physicochemical soil properties. The studies were conducted in two types of habitats, which differ in humidity - meadows within and outside of a river valley. Each site was divided into three zones (control, transition and invaded), with different coverage of R. laciniata - from zero in the control zone to more than 70 percent in the invaded zone. In each zone, 100 phytosociological relevés were recorded and 125 soil samples were collected. To estimate size and composition of soil seed bank, seedling germination method was used. The observation of seedling growth was carried out in laboratory condition for one year. To estimate chemical and physical soil properties, the acidity, organic matter, and main cations were measured. To quantify the differences between each zone and meadow type, diversity indexes were calculated as well as PERMANOVA and SIMPER analysis were applied. The statistical analysis show significant differences between each zone in term of ground vegetation. The plots with a high abundance of R. laciniata are characterized by the lowest species richness and functional diversity. The plant traits analysis shows that the share of competitors and anemochores decrease along with with Rudbeckia abundance, while the share of leafy stem plants increases. In both types of meadows, the transition zone is more similar to the control zone than the invaded one. In the soil seed bank, the number of all propagules was several times higher in the invaded zone than in the control zone, in both habitat types. However, this is due to the huge number of Rudbeckia seeds. The number of other seeds, as well as species richness in each zone were similar. In the transition zones the number of Rudbeckia seeds was significantly lower, and no seeds of this species were found in the control zone, both on the meadow within and outside of the river valley. These results indicate high reproduction ability of R. laciniata with a concurrent lower dispersion potential. Majority of the invader seeds were in the surface layer of soil, which confirms the tendency to form "short-term persistent" seed bank by R. laciniata. The effect of R. laciniata on the physicochemical properties of the soil was not confirmed. pl
dc.subject.pl Rudbeckia laciniata pl
dc.subject.pl gatunki inwazyjne pl
dc.subject.pl glebowy bank nasion pl
dc.subject.pl ekologia roślin pl
dc.subject.en Rudbeckia laciniata pl
dc.subject.en invasive species pl
dc.subject.en soil seed bank pl
dc.subject.en plant ecology pl
dc.identifier.callnumber Dokt. 2020/052 pl
dc.contributor.institution Uniwersytet Jagielloński. Wydział Biologii. Instytut Botaniki. Zakład Taksonomii, Fitogeografii i Paleobotaniki pl
dc.contributor.reviewer Czarnecka, Joanna pl
dc.contributor.reviewer Nowak, Sylwia pl
dc.affiliation Wydział Biologii : Instytut Botaniki pl
dc.rights.original OTHER; otwarte repozytorium; ostateczna wersja autorska (postprint); w momencie opublikowania; 0 pl
dc.identifier.project ROD UJ / OP pl


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