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From "ymago" to "imago contrefacta" : the depiction of reality in Central Europe in the Late Middle Ages


From "ymago" to "imago contrefacta" : the depiction of reality in Central Europe in the Late Middle Ages

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dc.contributor.author Grzęda, Mateusz [SAP14011294] pl
dc.date.accessioned 2016-05-12T07:46:39Z
dc.date.available 2016-05-12T07:46:39Z
dc.date.issued 2014 pl
dc.identifier.issn 0049-5123 pl
dc.identifier.uri http://ruj.uj.edu.pl/xmlui/handle/item/25589
dc.language eng pl
dc.rights Dodaję tylko opis bibliograficzny *
dc.rights.uri *
dc.title From "ymago" to "imago contrefacta" : the depiction of reality in Central Europe in the Late Middle Ages pl
dc.type JournalArticle pl
dc.description.physical 318-333 pl
dc.abstract.other At around 1500 in German-speaking lands the word conterfait started to be used to describe a portrait, a likeness or an imitation. Soon its equivalents in other languages emerged. New techniques of reproduction and multiplication disseminating rapidly at the time of the print revolution brought about the notion of conterfait as suitable to characterize a credible likeness, i.e. an image representing the actual appearance of a person or a thing. The appearance of this word in the vocabulary of terms characterizing an image’s relation to reality marks an important paradigm-change: it indicates the moment at which the art of portraiture started to be commonly considered as a skill of producing corporeal likeness. And yet, the question remains: how was the issue of mimesis understood before the print revolution? What role did reality reflected in an image play before the word conterfait came to be used? In an attempt to answer these questions special attention is paid to one text, Regulae Veteris et Novi Testamenti written around 1390 by Czech priest and ecclesiastic reformer Matthias of Janov. Matthias, revealing his negative attitude toward images pointed out their material character and emphasized the circumstances of their production, in which a decisive role is played by taste (beneplacito) and invention (fantasia) possessed by the painter. In passing, he also accentuates the role of memory as an important instrument of artistic production and thus identifies mimesis in contemporary images. A painter, according to Matthias, creates his works according to his fantasmata, the images of things that he himself saw and heard. They are impressed in the treasury of his memory and he can use them according to his own will, as it pleases him. Portraiture must therefore be understood in terms of memorizing and reworking the elements of reality by the artist rather than as a simple reflection of a sitter’s outward appearance. pl
dc.subject.pl portret pl
dc.subject.pl mimesis pl
dc.subject.pl realizm pl
dc.subject.pl reprezentacja pl
dc.subject.en portraiture pl
dc.subject.en mimesis pl
dc.subject.en realism pl
dc.subject.en representation pl
dc.description.volume 62 pl
dc.description.number 4 pl
dc.description.publication 1,5 pl
dc.identifier.eissn 1804-6509 pl
dc.title.journal Umění = Art pl
dc.language.container cze pl
dc.affiliation Wydział Historyczny : Instytut Historii Sztuki pl
dc.subtype Article pl
dc.rights.original bez licencji pl
.pointsMNiSW [2014 C]: 10

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