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Importance of philosophy of science to the history of medical thinking

Importance of philosophy of science to the history ...

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dc.contributor.author Zalewski, Zbigniew [SAP20000839] pl
dc.date.accessioned 2014-12-30T13:31:10Z
dc.date.available 2014-12-30T13:31:10Z
dc.date.issued 1999 pl
dc.identifier.issn 0353-9504 pl
dc.identifier.uri http://ruj.uj.edu.pl/xmlui/handle/item/2433
dc.language eng pl
dc.title Importance of philosophy of science to the history of medical thinking pl
dc.type JournalArticle pl
dc.description.physical 8-13 pl
dc.abstract.en Popular approach to the history of medicine rests on naive assumptions that: 1) only the present state of medical knowledge can be counted as scientific and only those elements of the farmer knowledge and practice which fitted the body of contemporary science should be regarded by the historians of medicine (presentism); 2) medical sciences, like the other natura! sciences, portray natura! phenomena as they really are (naturalism); 3) progress in sciences consists of cumulative growth of information and explanation. The twentieth century philosophical critique of science revealed that none of these assumptions were true. Empirical facts, which are taken as a basis for any true knowledge, are dependant on the presumed theories; theories are intertwined into a broader socio-cultural context; theory-changing processes are caused by social factors rather than by the theoretical con tent. Therefore, it is a common task ofhistorians of medicine and philosophers of science to reveal all theoretical and cultural premises on which our comprehension of the contemporary medicine is founded. pl
dc.subject.en medical education pl
dc.subject.en medical ethics pl
dc.subject.en health education pl
dc.subject.en history of medicine pl
dc.subject.en modern medicine pl
dc.subject.en medical schools pl
dc.description.volume 40 pl
dc.description.number 1 pl
dc.identifier.eissn 1332-8166 pl
dc.title.journal Croatian Medical Journal pl
dc.language.container eng pl
dc.affiliation Wydział Nauk o Zdrowiu : Instytut Pielęgniarstwa i Położnictwa pl
dc.subtype Article pl

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