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"De consolatione somni” - figura Pocieszycielki w renesansowej poezji miłosnej : Jan Kochanowski w nurcie łacińskiej literatury europejskiej (Boecjusz, F. Petrarca, G. Pontano, J. Secundus)


"De consolatione somni” - figura Pocieszycielki w renesansowej poezji miłosnej : Jan Kochanowski w nurcie łacińskiej literatury europejskiej (Boecjusz, F. Petrarca, G. Pontano, J. Secundus)

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dc.contributor.author Urban-Godziek, Grażyna [SAP11117665] pl
dc.date.accessioned 2016-02-01T10:24:12Z
dc.date.available 2016-02-01T10:24:12Z
dc.date.issued 2014 pl
dc.identifier.issn 2082-0984 pl
dc.identifier.uri http://ruj.uj.edu.pl/xmlui/handle/item/20305
dc.language pol pl
dc.rights Dozwolony użytek utworów chronionych *
dc.rights.uri http://ruj.uj.edu.pl/4dspace/License/copyright/licencja_copyright.pdf *
dc.title "De consolatione somni” - figura Pocieszycielki w renesansowej poezji miłosnej : Jan Kochanowski w nurcie łacińskiej literatury europejskiej (Boecjusz, F. Petrarca, G. Pontano, J. Secundus) pl
dc.title.alternative "De consolatione somni” - the figure of the comforter in the renaissance love poetry : Jan Kochanowski and the current of Latin literature in Europe (Boethius, F. Petrarch, G. Pontano, J. Secundus) pl
dc.type JournalArticle pl
dc.description.physical 93-121 pl
dc.description.additional Bibliogr., s. 119-121 pl
dc.identifier.weblink http://www.ejournals.eu/Terminus/2014/Terminus-2014-1/art/3268/ pl
dc.abstract.en This paper presents the history of a motif that the author calls De consolatione somni. It is based on the Boethian pattern of consolation brought about by a woman who appears in a dream. Lady Philosophy, who in De consolatione Philosophiae morally and philosophically comforts Boethius when under sentence of death, is later introduced by Dante and Petrarch into the Renaissance poetry. The motif was applied to two ends: to express love in amorous poetry and grief in poetry of mourning. In Dante’s Vita nova and Petrarch’s Canzoniere (the author analyses poems No. 282 and 359) the deceased beloved appears to the bereaved lover in a dream and brings him comfort. Boccaccio, the third jewel in the “Tuscan crown,” in his eclogue Olympia introduces this motif to literature of mourning, creating the patterns of poetry dedicated to deceased girls (his influence is visible, for instance, in the Middle English poem The Perl, in the Dialogue en forme de vision nocturne by Margaret of Navarre or in Lament XIX by Kochanowski). The 15th-century lyric bonds mourning and erotic elements together even more strongly, adding a sensual dimension. Giovanni Pontano, in his poems dedicated to the memory of his late wife (the author analyses works from Lyra 9, Eridanus II 1; II 32, Hendecasyllabi II 29), evokes dream visions in which her spirit visits him. This consolation, however, had a clear sensual and erotic character, for the dead wife would come to her husband’s bed. He also likewise envisioned the prospective unification of the spouses in Elysium. In the next two centuries, in anti-Petrarchan poetry such consolation experienced in erotic dreams appeared both in poems of mourning (when the beloved passed away) and in love poems (when fulfilment was impossible for other reasons). The latter option is here illustrated in elegy I 10 by Secundus. A dream that compensates for the deficiencies of reality is a frequent motif in baroque poetry (G.B. Marino, A. Morsztyn). Yet the target point of this study is determined by the works that constitute the compositional frame of book II of Jan Kochanowski’s Elegiarum libri IV. Here we come across a rather unusual idea. A betrayed lover wishing to free himself from his humiliating love has a dream in which the goddess Venus appears (elegy II 4). Like Lady Philosophy (the Boethian pattern is particularly visible in a previous version of the elegy that is preserved in a manuscript), Venus tries to convert her charge to her domain, that is, to renew love in him. (This character, and especially her way of reasoning, is reminiscent of the creation of the Mother in Lament XIX). The triumph of the comforter is not long – elegy 11 brings another concept: a suicide committed in a dream that symbolically puts an end to unhappy love. Another significant aim of this paper is to draw attention to the influence that Boethius and his version of Platonism had on Renaissance poetry, and on Jan Kochanowski in particular. It seems especially important for recognising the sources of Lament XIX and elegies from book II of the printed volume. The first to have noticed Boethius’ impact on Kochanowski’s work was Izydor Richter (1912) but his discovery has not been exploited by later researchers. To sum up, the paper presents the history of a non-obvious (singled out by the paper’s author) motif in modern poetry and its relation to both love poetry and poetry of mourning as well as the Neoplatonic basis of Renaissance erotic lyric. It also explains the origin and the meaning of the dream vision in Kochanowski’s book II of Elegies and (although it is not the chief aim of the paper) the genesis of the comforting Mother who appears with Orszulka, the departed daughter of the poet, in Lament XIX. pl
dc.subject.pl motyw snu pl
dc.subject.pl pocieszenie pl
dc.subject.pl dawna poezja miłosna pl
dc.subject.pl poezja żałobna pl
dc.subject.pl poezja nowołacińska pl
dc.subject.pl Boecjusz pl
dc.subject.pl Francesco Petrarka pl
dc.subject.pl Giovanni Pontano pl
dc.subject.pl Johannes Secundus pl
dc.subject.pl Jan Kochanowski pl
dc.subject.en dream motif pl
dc.subject.en consolation pl
dc.subject.en early modern love poetry pl
dc.subject.en poetry of mourning pl
dc.subject.en neo-Latin poetry pl
dc.subject.en Boethius pl
dc.subject.en Francesco Petrarch pl
dc.subject.en Giovanni Pontano pl
dc.subject.en Johannes Secundus pl
dc.subject.en Jan Kochanowski pl
dc.description.volume 16 pl
dc.description.number 1 (30) pl
dc.description.publication 1,4 pl
dc.identifier.doi 10.4467/20843844TE.14.005.2373 pl
dc.identifier.eissn 2084-3844 pl
dc.title.journal Terminus pl
dc.language.container pol pl
dc.date.accession 2016-01-31 pl
dc.affiliation Wydział Polonistyki : Katedra Historii Literatury Staropolskiej pl
dc.subtype Article pl
dc.rights.original OTHER; otwarte czasopismo; ostateczna wersja wydawcy; w momencie opublikowania; 0 pl
dc.identifier.project ROD UJ / P pl
.pointsMNiSW [2014 B]: 7

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