Aristotle’s concept of zoon politikon : on political benefits of being not too perfect

2024
journal article
article
dc.affiliationWydział Prawa i Administracji : Zakład Historii Doktryn Politycznych i Prawnych
dc.contributor.authorBarwicka-Tylek, Iwona - 127244
dc.date.accession2024-04-13
dc.date.accessioned2024-04-16T13:01:42Z
dc.date.available2024-04-16T13:01:42Z
dc.date.issued2024
dc.date.openaccess0
dc.description.abstract<jats:p>RESEARCH OBJECTIVE: The article discusses the concept of zoon politikon in order to provide arguments justifying the attractiveness of Aristotle’s practical philosophy.&#x0D; THE RESEARCH PROBLEM AND METHODS: There are three quasi-definitions of man in Aristotle’s works, each of which emphasises a different aspect of humanity. According to the philosopher, we are speaking animals, political animals (zoa politika) and the only animals endowed with reason. I argue that it is the condition of zoon politikon that comes to the fore as the most human of human properties. The article uses a historical-philosophical method supported by textual analysis.&#x0D; THE PROCESS OF ARGUMENTATION: In the first part of the text, Aristotle’s term zoon politikon is analysed as a concept intended to show the superiority of humanity over animality. In the second part, it is presented as a limitation that distinguishes humans from gods. By analysing how these two perspectives overlap, it is then possible to discuss some political consequences of the tension between them.&#x0D; RESEARCH RESULTS: The analysis leads to the conclusion that, according to Aristotle, a good human is not someone who “exercises rationality to a high degree”, but above all someone who is political to a high degree. It also suggests that Aristotle’s concept can be used to distinguish between two kinds of politics, which should not be reduced to each other: “artificial” politics (which can be equated with power), and natural human politics (which is based on free individual action in the area of praxis).&#x0D; CONCLUSIONS, INNOVATIONS, AND RECOMMENDATIONS: The notion of zoon politikon reflects the relational character of the individual human self, and thus offers a perspective that allows both methodological and political individualism to be challenged. It can also be a source of inspiration for those scholars, who argue that politics cannot be reduced to power.</jats:p>
dc.description.accesstimew momencie opublikowania
dc.description.additionalStreszcz. ang. s. 229-230. Bibliogr. s. 241-242
dc.description.number50
dc.description.physical229-242
dc.description.versionostateczna wersja wydawcy
dc.description.volume15
dc.identifier.doi10.35765/HP.2543
dc.identifier.eissn2353-950X
dc.identifier.issn2082-5897
dc.identifier.urihttps://ruj.uj.edu.pl/handle/item/328879
dc.identifier.weblinkhttps://horyzontypolityki.ignatianum.edu.pl/HP/article/view/2543/2277
dc.identifier.weblinkhttps://horyzontypolityki.ignatianum.edu.pl/HP/article/view/2543
dc.languageeng
dc.language.containerpol
dc.rightsUdzielam licencji. Uznanie autorstwa - Bez utworów zależnych 4.0 Międzynarodowa*
dc.rights.licenceCC-BY-ND
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nd/4.0/legalcode.pl*
dc.share.typeotwarte czasopismo
dc.subtypeArticle
dc.titleAristotle’s concept of zoon politikon : on political benefits of being not too perfect
dc.title.journalHoryzonty Polityki
dc.title.volumeHomo politicus et res publica
dc.typeJournalArticle
dspace.entity.typePublicationen
dc.affiliation
Wydział Prawa i Administracji : Zakład Historii Doktryn Politycznych i Prawnych
dc.contributor.author
Barwicka-Tylek, Iwona - 127244
dc.date.accession
2024-04-13
dc.date.accessioned
2024-04-16T13:01:42Z
dc.date.available
2024-04-16T13:01:42Z
dc.date.issued
2024
dc.date.openaccess
0
dc.description.abstract
<jats:p>RESEARCH OBJECTIVE: The article discusses the concept of zoon politikon in order to provide arguments justifying the attractiveness of Aristotle’s practical philosophy.&#x0D; THE RESEARCH PROBLEM AND METHODS: There are three quasi-definitions of man in Aristotle’s works, each of which emphasises a different aspect of humanity. According to the philosopher, we are speaking animals, political animals (zoa politika) and the only animals endowed with reason. I argue that it is the condition of zoon politikon that comes to the fore as the most human of human properties. The article uses a historical-philosophical method supported by textual analysis.&#x0D; THE PROCESS OF ARGUMENTATION: In the first part of the text, Aristotle’s term zoon politikon is analysed as a concept intended to show the superiority of humanity over animality. In the second part, it is presented as a limitation that distinguishes humans from gods. By analysing how these two perspectives overlap, it is then possible to discuss some political consequences of the tension between them.&#x0D; RESEARCH RESULTS: The analysis leads to the conclusion that, according to Aristotle, a good human is not someone who “exercises rationality to a high degree”, but above all someone who is political to a high degree. It also suggests that Aristotle’s concept can be used to distinguish between two kinds of politics, which should not be reduced to each other: “artificial” politics (which can be equated with power), and natural human politics (which is based on free individual action in the area of praxis).&#x0D; CONCLUSIONS, INNOVATIONS, AND RECOMMENDATIONS: The notion of zoon politikon reflects the relational character of the individual human self, and thus offers a perspective that allows both methodological and political individualism to be challenged. It can also be a source of inspiration for those scholars, who argue that politics cannot be reduced to power.</jats:p>
dc.description.accesstime
w momencie opublikowania
dc.description.additional
Streszcz. ang. s. 229-230. Bibliogr. s. 241-242
dc.description.number
50
dc.description.physical
229-242
dc.description.version
ostateczna wersja wydawcy
dc.description.volume
15
dc.identifier.doi
10.35765/HP.2543
dc.identifier.eissn
2353-950X
dc.identifier.issn
2082-5897
dc.identifier.uri
https://ruj.uj.edu.pl/handle/item/328879
dc.identifier.weblink
https://horyzontypolityki.ignatianum.edu.pl/HP/article/view/2543/2277
dc.identifier.weblink
https://horyzontypolityki.ignatianum.edu.pl/HP/article/view/2543
dc.language
eng
dc.language.container
pol
dc.rights*
Udzielam licencji. Uznanie autorstwa - Bez utworów zależnych 4.0 Międzynarodowa
dc.rights.licence
CC-BY-ND
dc.rights.uri*
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nd/4.0/legalcode.pl
dc.share.type
otwarte czasopismo
dc.subtype
Article
dc.title
Aristotle’s concept of zoon politikon : on political benefits of being not too perfect
dc.title.journal
Horyzonty Polityki
dc.title.volume
Homo politicus et res publica
dc.type
JournalArticle
dspace.entity.typeen
Publication
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