Niedokończona dekolonizacja Sahary Zachodniej : historia i perspektywy rozstrzygnięcia konfliktu

2009
journal article
article
dc.abstract.enThe Western Sahara conflict is both one of the world’s oldest and one of its most neglected. It started in 1976 by the Moroccan annexation of the northern two-thirds of Western Sahara (formerly Spanish Sahara) and the rest of the territory in 1979, following Mauritania’s withdrawal. A guerrilla war between the pro-independence Polisario Front, contesting Rabat’s sovereignty and the Kingdom of Morocco ended in a 1991 thanks to the United Nations- sponsored cease-fire. From that time on, the two parties had not exchanged fire but also UN efforts to hold a referendum of self-determination in the territory had been repeatedly postponed. The main point of dispute between Morocco and Polisario concerns the list of Saharawis (inhabitants of Western Sahara) allowed to participate in any future plebiscite. Moreover, intensive mediation efforts by former United States Secretary of State James A. Baker providing for a measure of local autonomy under Moroccan rule, as well as a modified autonomy plan presented to the UN Security Council in May 2003 and finally “Moroccan initiative for negotiating an autonomy statute for the Sahara Region” presented in April 2008 were rejected by either or both sides in conflict. A little progress in resolving this regional stalemate, make a diplomatic solution in Western Sahara all the more unlikely. Whereas, this long-running dispute has the human, economic and political costs for the countries directly involved, the region and the whole international community. The awareness of these aspects of the dispute should contribute to the increase of efforts aimed at resolving Western Sahara issue.pl
dc.affiliationWydział Studiów Międzynarodowych i Politycznych : Instytut Nauk Politycznych i Stosunków Międzynarodowychpl
dc.contributor.authorSzczepankiewicz-Rudzka, Ewa - 173409 pl
dc.date.accessioned2020-08-25T09:22:20Z
dc.date.available2020-08-25T09:22:20Z
dc.date.issued2009pl
dc.date.openaccess132
dc.description.accesstimepo opublikowaniu
dc.description.number1 (11)pl
dc.description.physical177-194pl
dc.description.versionostateczna wersja wydawcy
dc.identifier.eissn2391-6737pl
dc.identifier.issn1733-6716pl
dc.identifier.projectROD UJ / OPpl
dc.identifier.urihttps://ruj.uj.edu.pl/xmlui/handle/item/244628
dc.languagepolpl
dc.language.containerpolpl
dc.rightsUdzielam licencji. Uznanie autorstwa - Użycie niekomercyjne - Bez utworów zależnych 4.0 Międzynarodowa*
dc.rights.licenceCC-BY-NC-ND
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/legalcode.pl*
dc.share.typeotwarte repozytorium
dc.subtypeArticlepl
dc.titleNiedokończona dekolonizacja Sahary Zachodniej : historia i perspektywy rozstrzygnięcia konfliktupl
dc.title.journalPolitejapl
dc.typeJournalArticlepl
dspace.entity.typePublication
dc.abstract.enpl
The Western Sahara conflict is both one of the world’s oldest and one of its most neglected. It started in 1976 by the Moroccan annexation of the northern two-thirds of Western Sahara (formerly Spanish Sahara) and the rest of the territory in 1979, following Mauritania’s withdrawal. A guerrilla war between the pro-independence Polisario Front, contesting Rabat’s sovereignty and the Kingdom of Morocco ended in a 1991 thanks to the United Nations- sponsored cease-fire. From that time on, the two parties had not exchanged fire but also UN efforts to hold a referendum of self-determination in the territory had been repeatedly postponed. The main point of dispute between Morocco and Polisario concerns the list of Saharawis (inhabitants of Western Sahara) allowed to participate in any future plebiscite. Moreover, intensive mediation efforts by former United States Secretary of State James A. Baker providing for a measure of local autonomy under Moroccan rule, as well as a modified autonomy plan presented to the UN Security Council in May 2003 and finally “Moroccan initiative for negotiating an autonomy statute for the Sahara Region” presented in April 2008 were rejected by either or both sides in conflict. A little progress in resolving this regional stalemate, make a diplomatic solution in Western Sahara all the more unlikely. Whereas, this long-running dispute has the human, economic and political costs for the countries directly involved, the region and the whole international community. The awareness of these aspects of the dispute should contribute to the increase of efforts aimed at resolving Western Sahara issue.
dc.affiliationpl
Wydział Studiów Międzynarodowych i Politycznych : Instytut Nauk Politycznych i Stosunków Międzynarodowych
dc.contributor.authorpl
Szczepankiewicz-Rudzka, Ewa - 173409
dc.date.accessioned
2020-08-25T09:22:20Z
dc.date.available
2020-08-25T09:22:20Z
dc.date.issuedpl
2009
dc.date.openaccess
132
dc.description.accesstime
po opublikowaniu
dc.description.numberpl
1 (11)
dc.description.physicalpl
177-194
dc.description.version
ostateczna wersja wydawcy
dc.identifier.eissnpl
2391-6737
dc.identifier.issnpl
1733-6716
dc.identifier.projectpl
ROD UJ / OP
dc.identifier.uri
https://ruj.uj.edu.pl/xmlui/handle/item/244628
dc.languagepl
pol
dc.language.containerpl
pol
dc.rights*
Udzielam licencji. Uznanie autorstwa - Użycie niekomercyjne - Bez utworów zależnych 4.0 Międzynarodowa
dc.rights.licence
CC-BY-NC-ND
dc.rights.uri*
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/legalcode.pl
dc.share.type
otwarte repozytorium
dc.subtypepl
Article
dc.titlepl
Niedokończona dekolonizacja Sahary Zachodniej : historia i perspektywy rozstrzygnięcia konfliktu
dc.title.journalpl
Politeja
dc.typepl
JournalArticle
dspace.entity.type
Publication
Affiliations

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