Mediators and moderators of reinforced self-affirmation as a method for reducing the memory misinformation effect

2021
journal article
article
cris.lastimport.wos2024-04-09T21:31:46Z
dc.abstract.enThe misinformation effect occurs when an eyewitness includes information in his or her account that is incongruent with the event he or she witnessed, and stems from being exposed to incorrect external sources. This is a serious threat to the quality of witness testimony and to the correctness of decisions reached by courts. However, few methods have been developed to reduce the vulnerability of witnesses to misinformation. This article presents such a method, namely, reinforced self-affirmation (RSA), which, by increasing memory confidence of witnesses, makes them less inclined to rely on external sources of information and more on their own memory. The effectiveness of this method was confirmed in three experiments. It was also found that memory confidence, but not general self-confidence, is a mediator of the impact of RSA on misinformation effect (ME), and that contingent self-esteem and feedback acceptance, but not sense of self-efficacy or general self-esteem, are moderators of this impact. It is concluded that RSA may be a promising basis for constructing methods, which can be used by forensic psychologists in real forensic settings.pl
dc.affiliationWydział Filozoficzny : Instytut Psychologiipl
dc.contributor.authorSzpitalak, Malwina - 122680 pl
dc.contributor.authorPolczyk, Romuald - 131496 pl
dc.date.accessioned2022-02-23T11:53:51Z
dc.date.available2022-02-23T11:53:51Z
dc.date.issued2021pl
dc.date.openaccess0
dc.description.accesstimew momencie opublikowania
dc.description.versionostateczna wersja autorska (postprint)
dc.description.volume12pl
dc.identifier.articleid666707pl
dc.identifier.doi10.3389/fpsyg.2021.666707pl
dc.identifier.eissn1664-1078pl
dc.identifier.urihttps://ruj.uj.edu.pl/xmlui/handle/item/288487
dc.languageengpl
dc.language.containerengpl
dc.pbn.affiliationDziedzina nauk społecznych : psychologiapl
dc.rightsUdzielam licencji. Uznanie autorstwa 4.0 Międzynarodowa*
dc.rights.licenceCC-BY
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode.pl*
dc.share.typeotwarte czasopismo
dc.subject.enfeedbackpl
dc.subject.enmemorypl
dc.subject.enmisinformation effecpl
dc.subject.enreducing suggestibilitypl
dc.subject.enreinforced self-affirmationpl
dc.subject.enwitness testimonypl
dc.subtypeArticlepl
dc.titleMediators and moderators of reinforced self-affirmation as a method for reducing the memory misinformation effectpl
dc.title.journalFrontiers in Psychologypl
dc.typeJournalArticlepl
dspace.entity.typePublication
cris.lastimport.wos
2024-04-09T21:31:46Z
dc.abstract.enpl
The misinformation effect occurs when an eyewitness includes information in his or her account that is incongruent with the event he or she witnessed, and stems from being exposed to incorrect external sources. This is a serious threat to the quality of witness testimony and to the correctness of decisions reached by courts. However, few methods have been developed to reduce the vulnerability of witnesses to misinformation. This article presents such a method, namely, reinforced self-affirmation (RSA), which, by increasing memory confidence of witnesses, makes them less inclined to rely on external sources of information and more on their own memory. The effectiveness of this method was confirmed in three experiments. It was also found that memory confidence, but not general self-confidence, is a mediator of the impact of RSA on misinformation effect (ME), and that contingent self-esteem and feedback acceptance, but not sense of self-efficacy or general self-esteem, are moderators of this impact. It is concluded that RSA may be a promising basis for constructing methods, which can be used by forensic psychologists in real forensic settings.
dc.affiliationpl
Wydział Filozoficzny : Instytut Psychologii
dc.contributor.authorpl
Szpitalak, Malwina - 122680
dc.contributor.authorpl
Polczyk, Romuald - 131496
dc.date.accessioned
2022-02-23T11:53:51Z
dc.date.available
2022-02-23T11:53:51Z
dc.date.issuedpl
2021
dc.date.openaccess
0
dc.description.accesstime
w momencie opublikowania
dc.description.version
ostateczna wersja autorska (postprint)
dc.description.volumepl
12
dc.identifier.articleidpl
666707
dc.identifier.doipl
10.3389/fpsyg.2021.666707
dc.identifier.eissnpl
1664-1078
dc.identifier.uri
https://ruj.uj.edu.pl/xmlui/handle/item/288487
dc.languagepl
eng
dc.language.containerpl
eng
dc.pbn.affiliationpl
Dziedzina nauk społecznych : psychologia
dc.rights*
Udzielam licencji. Uznanie autorstwa 4.0 Międzynarodowa
dc.rights.licence
CC-BY
dc.rights.uri*
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode.pl
dc.share.type
otwarte czasopismo
dc.subject.enpl
feedback
dc.subject.enpl
memory
dc.subject.enpl
misinformation effec
dc.subject.enpl
reducing suggestibility
dc.subject.enpl
reinforced self-affirmation
dc.subject.enpl
witness testimony
dc.subtypepl
Article
dc.titlepl
Mediators and moderators of reinforced self-affirmation as a method for reducing the memory misinformation effect
dc.title.journalpl
Frontiers in Psychology
dc.typepl
JournalArticle
dspace.entity.type
Publication
Affiliations

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