Traces of the Ottoman musical tradition in early 20th-century Western-style Turkish art music

2019
journal article
article
dc.abstract.enThe Turkish Five (Türk Beşleri) is a name given to a group of composers whose works set out the direction for modern Western-style Turkish art music. After the proclamation of the Republic of Turkey in 1923, the new generation of musicians trained in Europe had been given the task to establish a new musical tradition for the modern Turkish society. It was supposed to replace the Ottoman musical tradition. According to outlines given by the Turkish government, the new "National Music" (Millî Musiki) should encompass elements of Western-style art music and melodies of Turkish folk music. Five composers were especially successful in fulfilling this task, Necil Kâzım Akses, Hasan Ferit Alnar, Ulvi Cemal Erkin, Ahmet Adnan Saygun and Cemal Reşit Rey. By their compositions, they brought to live music that was appreciated by Kemal Atatürk himself. Although they were supposed to avoid any elements of the Ottoman musical tradition, even in the most popular works of this period, one can hear influences that were not to be heard in the Millî Musiki. In this paper, the author presents the main guidelines and historical overview of the "musical revolution" which took place in Turkey of the early-republican period (1923-1938). Next, provides a list of compositions which prove her thesis that composers born in 1904-1908, as the youngest generation of the Ottoman Empire's elite, did not completely reject the Ottoman musical heritage in which they were raised and brought some of its elements into 20th-century Western-style Turkish classical music.pl
dc.affiliationWydział Filologicznypl
dc.contributor.authorPawlina, Agata - 177552 pl
dc.date.accessioned2019-09-26T08:05:48Z
dc.date.available2019-09-26T08:05:48Z
dc.date.issued2019pl
dc.date.openaccess0
dc.description.accesstimew momencie opublikowania
dc.description.additionalBibliogr. s. 141-142pl
dc.description.number24 (1)pl
dc.description.physical131-142pl
dc.description.versionostateczna wersja wydawcy
dc.identifier.doi10.26361/ZNTDSP.10.2019.24.7pl
dc.identifier.eissn2082-9213pl
dc.identifier.issn2299-2383pl
dc.identifier.projectROD UJ / OPpl
dc.identifier.urihttps://ruj.uj.edu.pl/xmlui/handle/item/83471
dc.languageengpl
dc.language.containerengpl
dc.rightsUdzielam licencji. Uznanie autorstwa - Użycie niekomercyjne 3.0 Polska*
dc.rights.licenceCC-BY-NC
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/pl/legalcode*
dc.share.typeotwarte czasopismo
dc.subject.enTurkish musicpl
dc.subject.enOttoman musicpl
dc.subject.enTurkish Fivepl
dc.subject.enMilli Musikipl
dc.subtypeArticlepl
dc.titleTraces of the Ottoman musical tradition in early 20th-century Western-style Turkish art musicpl
dc.title.journalZeszyty Naukowe Towarzystwa Doktorantów Uniwersytetu Jagiellońskiego. Nauki Społecznepl
dc.title.volumeTurkish yoke or pax Ottomana : the reception of Ottoman heritage in the Balkan history and culturepl
dc.typeJournalArticlepl
dspace.entity.typePublication
dc.abstract.enpl
The Turkish Five (Türk Beşleri) is a name given to a group of composers whose works set out the direction for modern Western-style Turkish art music. After the proclamation of the Republic of Turkey in 1923, the new generation of musicians trained in Europe had been given the task to establish a new musical tradition for the modern Turkish society. It was supposed to replace the Ottoman musical tradition. According to outlines given by the Turkish government, the new "National Music" (Millî Musiki) should encompass elements of Western-style art music and melodies of Turkish folk music. Five composers were especially successful in fulfilling this task, Necil Kâzım Akses, Hasan Ferit Alnar, Ulvi Cemal Erkin, Ahmet Adnan Saygun and Cemal Reşit Rey. By their compositions, they brought to live music that was appreciated by Kemal Atatürk himself. Although they were supposed to avoid any elements of the Ottoman musical tradition, even in the most popular works of this period, one can hear influences that were not to be heard in the Millî Musiki. In this paper, the author presents the main guidelines and historical overview of the "musical revolution" which took place in Turkey of the early-republican period (1923-1938). Next, provides a list of compositions which prove her thesis that composers born in 1904-1908, as the youngest generation of the Ottoman Empire's elite, did not completely reject the Ottoman musical heritage in which they were raised and brought some of its elements into 20th-century Western-style Turkish classical music.
dc.affiliationpl
Wydział Filologiczny
dc.contributor.authorpl
Pawlina, Agata - 177552
dc.date.accessioned
2019-09-26T08:05:48Z
dc.date.available
2019-09-26T08:05:48Z
dc.date.issuedpl
2019
dc.date.openaccess
0
dc.description.accesstime
w momencie opublikowania
dc.description.additionalpl
Bibliogr. s. 141-142
dc.description.numberpl
24 (1)
dc.description.physicalpl
131-142
dc.description.version
ostateczna wersja wydawcy
dc.identifier.doipl
10.26361/ZNTDSP.10.2019.24.7
dc.identifier.eissnpl
2082-9213
dc.identifier.issnpl
2299-2383
dc.identifier.projectpl
ROD UJ / OP
dc.identifier.uri
https://ruj.uj.edu.pl/xmlui/handle/item/83471
dc.languagepl
eng
dc.language.containerpl
eng
dc.rights*
Udzielam licencji. Uznanie autorstwa - Użycie niekomercyjne 3.0 Polska
dc.rights.licence
CC-BY-NC
dc.rights.uri*
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/pl/legalcode
dc.share.type
otwarte czasopismo
dc.subject.enpl
Turkish music
dc.subject.enpl
Ottoman music
dc.subject.enpl
Turkish Five
dc.subject.enpl
Milli Musiki
dc.subtypepl
Article
dc.titlepl
Traces of the Ottoman musical tradition in early 20th-century Western-style Turkish art music
dc.title.journalpl
Zeszyty Naukowe Towarzystwa Doktorantów Uniwersytetu Jagiellońskiego. Nauki Społeczne
dc.title.volumepl
Turkish yoke or pax Ottomana : the reception of Ottoman heritage in the Balkan history and culture
dc.typepl
JournalArticle
dspace.entity.type
Publication
Affiliations

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