Zanikająca profesja : cygańscy niedźwiednicy w Rumunii (Ursari) : historia i metody tresury

2015
journal article
article
dc.abstract.enThe history of Gypsies, whom scholars often consider as the so-called people without history, still raises many questions to researchers. The history of Gypsy culture can be reconstructed and interpreted from the fragments of ancient sources as well as through the memories of the living representatives of these ethnic groups. This article presents preliminary research on the history and training methods associated with Ursari (from the Romanian ‘urs’ meaning ʻbearʼ) – a Gypsy group and, at the same time, a profession of animal trainers, particularly bear-handlers, from Romania. The text discusses the possible origins of this occupation, the place of Ursari in the Romanian social structure, their financial situation, and the attitude of the Church and the State to bear leaders. It also presents the methods of animal training Gypsies have used and passed on through the centuries, as well as the reasons why this profession has been disappearing in Romania. The article uses qualitative research methods, including the analysis of historical sources (documents from the offices of Moldovan, Wallachian and Transylvanian rulers and descriptions written by people travelling across former Romanian territories dated XIV–XIX centuries) and ethnographic sources. In addition, the analysis also focused on the visual sources from Romanian territories associated with Ursari as well as on the sources used in the ethnographic study regarding the cultural memory among Roma from Romania.pl
dc.affiliationWydział Zarządzania i Komunikacji Społecznej : Instytut Kulturypl
dc.contributor.authorKocój, Ewa - 185927 pl
dc.date.accession2016-05-10pl
dc.date.accessioned2016-05-10T07:00:28Z
dc.date.available2016-05-10T07:00:28Z
dc.date.issued2015pl
dc.date.openaccess12
dc.description.accesstimepo opublikowaniu
dc.description.additionalBibliogr. s. 159-163pl
dc.description.number8pl
dc.description.physical145-164pl
dc.description.publication1,5pl
dc.description.versionostateczna wersja wydawcy
dc.identifier.issn1689-4758pl
dc.identifier.urihttp://ruj.uj.edu.pl/xmlui/handle/item/25207
dc.identifier.weblinkhttp://www.studiaromologica.pl/?page_id=211pl
dc.languagepolpl
dc.language.containerpolpl
dc.rightsDodaję tylko opis bibliograficzny*
dc.rights.licenceOTHER
dc.rights.uri*
dc.share.typeotwarte czasopismo
dc.subject.enthe people without historypl
dc.subject.enGypsy historypl
dc.subject.enGypsypl
dc.subject.enRomapl
dc.subject.enUrsaripl
dc.subject.enGypsy professionspl
dc.subject.enGypsy occupationspl
dc.subject.enanimals trainingpl
dc.subject.enGypsy with dancing bearspl
dc.subject.enromanian culturepl
dc.subject.enintangibile culture heritagepl
dc.subject.plludy bez historiipl
dc.subject.plhistoria Cyganówpl
dc.subject.pltresura zwierzątpl
dc.subject.plrumuńska kulturapl
dc.subject.plCyganie z tańczącymi niedźwiedziamipl
dc.subject.plCyganiepl
dc.subject.plRomowiepl
dc.subject.plUrsaripl
dc.subject.plniematerialne dziedzictwo kulturowepl
dc.subject.plprofesje cygańskiepl
dc.subtypeArticlepl
dc.titleZanikająca profesja : cygańscy niedźwiednicy w Rumunii (Ursari) : historia i metody tresurypl
dc.title.alternativeDisappearing profession : Gypsy bear leaders from Romania (Ursari) : the history and methods of trainingpl
dc.title.journalStudia Romologicapl
dc.typeJournalArticlepl
dspace.entity.typePublication
dc.abstract.enpl
The history of Gypsies, whom scholars often consider as the so-called people without history, still raises many questions to researchers. The history of Gypsy culture can be reconstructed and interpreted from the fragments of ancient sources as well as through the memories of the living representatives of these ethnic groups. This article presents preliminary research on the history and training methods associated with Ursari (from the Romanian ‘urs’ meaning ʻbearʼ) – a Gypsy group and, at the same time, a profession of animal trainers, particularly bear-handlers, from Romania. The text discusses the possible origins of this occupation, the place of Ursari in the Romanian social structure, their financial situation, and the attitude of the Church and the State to bear leaders. It also presents the methods of animal training Gypsies have used and passed on through the centuries, as well as the reasons why this profession has been disappearing in Romania. The article uses qualitative research methods, including the analysis of historical sources (documents from the offices of Moldovan, Wallachian and Transylvanian rulers and descriptions written by people travelling across former Romanian territories dated XIV–XIX centuries) and ethnographic sources. In addition, the analysis also focused on the visual sources from Romanian territories associated with Ursari as well as on the sources used in the ethnographic study regarding the cultural memory among Roma from Romania.
dc.affiliationpl
Wydział Zarządzania i Komunikacji Społecznej : Instytut Kultury
dc.contributor.authorpl
Kocój, Ewa - 185927
dc.date.accessionpl
2016-05-10
dc.date.accessioned
2016-05-10T07:00:28Z
dc.date.available
2016-05-10T07:00:28Z
dc.date.issuedpl
2015
dc.date.openaccess
12
dc.description.accesstime
po opublikowaniu
dc.description.additionalpl
Bibliogr. s. 159-163
dc.description.numberpl
8
dc.description.physicalpl
145-164
dc.description.publicationpl
1,5
dc.description.version
ostateczna wersja wydawcy
dc.identifier.issnpl
1689-4758
dc.identifier.uri
http://ruj.uj.edu.pl/xmlui/handle/item/25207
dc.identifier.weblinkpl
http://www.studiaromologica.pl/?page_id=211
dc.languagepl
pol
dc.language.containerpl
pol
dc.rights*
Dodaję tylko opis bibliograficzny
dc.rights.licence
OTHER
dc.rights.uri*
dc.share.type
otwarte czasopismo
dc.subject.enpl
the people without history
dc.subject.enpl
Gypsy history
dc.subject.enpl
Gypsy
dc.subject.enpl
Roma
dc.subject.enpl
Ursari
dc.subject.enpl
Gypsy professions
dc.subject.enpl
Gypsy occupations
dc.subject.enpl
animals training
dc.subject.enpl
Gypsy with dancing bears
dc.subject.enpl
romanian culture
dc.subject.enpl
intangibile culture heritage
dc.subject.plpl
ludy bez historii
dc.subject.plpl
historia Cyganów
dc.subject.plpl
tresura zwierząt
dc.subject.plpl
rumuńska kultura
dc.subject.plpl
Cyganie z tańczącymi niedźwiedziami
dc.subject.plpl
Cyganie
dc.subject.plpl
Romowie
dc.subject.plpl
Ursari
dc.subject.plpl
niematerialne dziedzictwo kulturowe
dc.subject.plpl
profesje cygańskie
dc.subtypepl
Article
dc.titlepl
Zanikająca profesja : cygańscy niedźwiednicy w Rumunii (Ursari) : historia i metody tresury
dc.title.alternativepl
Disappearing profession : Gypsy bear leaders from Romania (Ursari) : the history and methods of training
dc.title.journalpl
Studia Romologica
dc.typepl
JournalArticle
dspace.entity.type
Publication
Affiliations

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