Obraz zjednoczonej Europy w koncepcjach przedstawicieli opozycji antyfaszystowskiej we Włoszech w latach 1943-1945

2017
journal article
article
dc.abstract.enThe article presents concepts of united Europe created by representatives of different fractions of the anti-fascist Italian opposition in the period of the so-called Resistenza (1943-1945), with particular focus on the stances of left-wing groups. The fullest theoretical foundations of federalist concepts created during the Second World War come from the Ventotene Manifesto (the so-called Manifesto for Free and United Europe), elaborated at the turn of June and July of 1941 by charismatic leaders of Movimento Federalista Europeo - Altiero Spinelli and Ernesto Rossi - in collaboration with Eugenio Colorni. Influenced by English federalists from Federal Union, Spinelli and Rossi were pointing to the crisis of a nation state and its results - nationalism, imperialism and fascism. The authors were convinced that the only way to ensure continued peace in Europe was to create a European federation, comprised entirely of democratic states. The idea of the United States of Europe was advocated also by a liberal lawyer and economist, later the Governor of the Bank of Italy and the President of Italy, Luigi Einaudi. In his articles and political writings regularly published from 1918 until the end of the WWII Einaudi criticised the League of Nations as a weak institution lacking in authority and unable to effectively challenge the imperialist tendencies of some of its members. He sought the reasons for this weakness in the very structure of the League of Nations, i.e. in the confederation model. In studies published between 1943 and 1945 the liberal politician emphasised interdependencies between economy and politics. Einaudi identified the idea of a sovereign national state and the doctrine of nationalism as main enemies of the European federalism. Another politician advocating limiting sovereignty of national states in the name of broad solidarity between free European nations was a leader of Christian Democracy and the Prime Minister of Italy between 1945 and 953 - Alcide De Gasperi. He underlined the significance of cooperation with the United States of America and the United Kingdom of Great Britain in the process of peace-rebuilding. Unlike Spinelli and Rossi, the leader of Christian Democracy did not support the federation model of integration - De Gasperi placed emphasis on the gradual character of this process and on the need for finding “transitional solutions”, similarly to Einaudi, pointing to the significance of the economic aspectpl
dc.affiliationWydział Studiów Międzynarodowych i Politycznych : Instytut Europeistykipl
dc.contributor.authorSondel-Cedarmas, Joanna - 173404 pl
dc.date.accession2018-02-13pl
dc.date.accessioned2018-02-28T13:15:43Z
dc.date.available2018-02-28T13:15:43Z
dc.date.issued2017pl
dc.date.openaccess0
dc.description.accesstimew momencie opublikowania
dc.description.additionalBibliogr. s. 106-108pl
dc.description.number4 (49)pl
dc.description.physical87-108pl
dc.description.publication1pl
dc.description.versionostateczna wersja wydawcy
dc.description.volume14pl
dc.identifier.doi10.12797/Politeja.14.2017.49.06pl
dc.identifier.eissn2391-6737pl
dc.identifier.issn1733-6716pl
dc.identifier.projectROD UJ / Ppl
dc.identifier.urihttps://ruj.uj.edu.pl/xmlui/handle/item/50851
dc.identifier.weblinkhttp://akademicka.pl/ebooks/free/b0450504592dea3139dd2bc724c32452.pdfpl
dc.languagepolpl
dc.language.containerpolpl
dc.rightsUdzielam licencji. Uznanie autorstwa - Użycie niekomercyjne - Bez utworów zależnych 4.0 Międzynarodowa*
dc.rights.licenceOTHER
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/legalcode.pl*
dc.share.typeotwarte czasopismo
dc.subject.enEuropean federalismpl
dc.subject.ennational statepl
dc.subject.enResistenzapl
dc.subject.enItalypl
dc.subject.enVentotene Manifestopl
dc.subject.enAltiero Spinellipl
dc.subject.enErnesto Rossipl
dc.subject.enLuigi Einaudipl
dc.subject.enAlcide De Gasperipl
dc.subject.plfederalizm europejskipl
dc.subject.plpaństwo narodowepl
dc.subject.plResistenzapl
dc.subject.plWłochypl
dc.subject.plManifest z Ventotenepl
dc.subject.plAltiero Spinellipl
dc.subject.plErnesto Rossipl
dc.subject.plLuigi Einaudipl
dc.subject.plAlcide De Gasperipl
dc.subtypeArticlepl
dc.titleObraz zjednoczonej Europy w koncepcjach przedstawicieli opozycji antyfaszystowskiej we Włoszech w latach 1943-1945pl
dc.title.alternativePicture of united Europe in the concepts of Italian anti-fascist opposition members in 1943-1945pl
dc.title.journalPolitejapl
dc.title.volumeBlok "Europejskie narracje"pl
dc.typeJournalArticlepl
dspace.entity.typePublication
dc.abstract.enpl
The article presents concepts of united Europe created by representatives of different fractions of the anti-fascist Italian opposition in the period of the so-called Resistenza (1943-1945), with particular focus on the stances of left-wing groups. The fullest theoretical foundations of federalist concepts created during the Second World War come from the Ventotene Manifesto (the so-called Manifesto for Free and United Europe), elaborated at the turn of June and July of 1941 by charismatic leaders of Movimento Federalista Europeo - Altiero Spinelli and Ernesto Rossi - in collaboration with Eugenio Colorni. Influenced by English federalists from Federal Union, Spinelli and Rossi were pointing to the crisis of a nation state and its results - nationalism, imperialism and fascism. The authors were convinced that the only way to ensure continued peace in Europe was to create a European federation, comprised entirely of democratic states. The idea of the United States of Europe was advocated also by a liberal lawyer and economist, later the Governor of the Bank of Italy and the President of Italy, Luigi Einaudi. In his articles and political writings regularly published from 1918 until the end of the WWII Einaudi criticised the League of Nations as a weak institution lacking in authority and unable to effectively challenge the imperialist tendencies of some of its members. He sought the reasons for this weakness in the very structure of the League of Nations, i.e. in the confederation model. In studies published between 1943 and 1945 the liberal politician emphasised interdependencies between economy and politics. Einaudi identified the idea of a sovereign national state and the doctrine of nationalism as main enemies of the European federalism. Another politician advocating limiting sovereignty of national states in the name of broad solidarity between free European nations was a leader of Christian Democracy and the Prime Minister of Italy between 1945 and 953 - Alcide De Gasperi. He underlined the significance of cooperation with the United States of America and the United Kingdom of Great Britain in the process of peace-rebuilding. Unlike Spinelli and Rossi, the leader of Christian Democracy did not support the federation model of integration - De Gasperi placed emphasis on the gradual character of this process and on the need for finding “transitional solutions”, similarly to Einaudi, pointing to the significance of the economic aspect
dc.affiliationpl
Wydział Studiów Międzynarodowych i Politycznych : Instytut Europeistyki
dc.contributor.authorpl
Sondel-Cedarmas, Joanna - 173404
dc.date.accessionpl
2018-02-13
dc.date.accessioned
2018-02-28T13:15:43Z
dc.date.available
2018-02-28T13:15:43Z
dc.date.issuedpl
2017
dc.date.openaccess
0
dc.description.accesstime
w momencie opublikowania
dc.description.additionalpl
Bibliogr. s. 106-108
dc.description.numberpl
4 (49)
dc.description.physicalpl
87-108
dc.description.publicationpl
1
dc.description.version
ostateczna wersja wydawcy
dc.description.volumepl
14
dc.identifier.doipl
10.12797/Politeja.14.2017.49.06
dc.identifier.eissnpl
2391-6737
dc.identifier.issnpl
1733-6716
dc.identifier.projectpl
ROD UJ / P
dc.identifier.uri
https://ruj.uj.edu.pl/xmlui/handle/item/50851
dc.identifier.weblinkpl
http://akademicka.pl/ebooks/free/b0450504592dea3139dd2bc724c32452.pdf
dc.languagepl
pol
dc.language.containerpl
pol
dc.rights*
Udzielam licencji. Uznanie autorstwa - Użycie niekomercyjne - Bez utworów zależnych 4.0 Międzynarodowa
dc.rights.licence
OTHER
dc.rights.uri*
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/legalcode.pl
dc.share.type
otwarte czasopismo
dc.subject.enpl
European federalism
dc.subject.enpl
national state
dc.subject.enpl
Resistenza
dc.subject.enpl
Italy
dc.subject.enpl
Ventotene Manifesto
dc.subject.enpl
Altiero Spinelli
dc.subject.enpl
Ernesto Rossi
dc.subject.enpl
Luigi Einaudi
dc.subject.enpl
Alcide De Gasperi
dc.subject.plpl
federalizm europejski
dc.subject.plpl
państwo narodowe
dc.subject.plpl
Resistenza
dc.subject.plpl
Włochy
dc.subject.plpl
Manifest z Ventotene
dc.subject.plpl
Altiero Spinelli
dc.subject.plpl
Ernesto Rossi
dc.subject.plpl
Luigi Einaudi
dc.subject.plpl
Alcide De Gasperi
dc.subtypepl
Article
dc.titlepl
Obraz zjednoczonej Europy w koncepcjach przedstawicieli opozycji antyfaszystowskiej we Włoszech w latach 1943-1945
dc.title.alternativepl
Picture of united Europe in the concepts of Italian anti-fascist opposition members in 1943-1945
dc.title.journalpl
Politeja
dc.title.volumepl
Blok "Europejskie narracje"
dc.typepl
JournalArticle
dspace.entity.type
Publication
Affiliations

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