To the fringe and back : violent extremism and the psychology of deviance

2017
journal article
article
93
dc.abstract.enWe outline a general psychological theory of extremism and apply it to the special case of violent extremism (VE). Extremism is defined as motivated deviance from general behavioral norms and is assumed to stem from a shift from a balanced satisfaction of basic human needs afforded by moderation to a motivational imbalance wherein a given need dominates the others. Because motivational imbalance is difficult to sustain, only few individuals do, rendering extreme behavior relatively rare, hence deviant. Thus, individual dynamics translate into social patterns wherein majorities of individuals practice moderation, whereas extremism is the province of the few. Both extremism and moderation require the ability to successfully carry out the activities that these demand. Ability is partially determined by the activities’ difficulty, controllable in part by external agents who promote or oppose extremism. Application of this general framework to VE identifies the specific need that animates it and offers broad guidelines for addressing this pernicious phenomenon.pl
dc.affiliationWydział Filozoficzny : Instytut Psychologiipl
dc.contributor.authorKruglanski, Arie W.pl
dc.contributor.authorJaśko, Katarzyna - 104965 pl
dc.contributor.authorChernikova, Marinapl
dc.contributor.authorDugas, Michellepl
dc.contributor.authorWebber, Davidpl
dc.date.accessioned2018-04-06T06:32:46Z
dc.date.available2018-04-06T06:32:46Z
dc.date.issued2017pl
dc.date.openaccess12
dc.description.accesstimepo opublikowaniu
dc.description.number3pl
dc.description.physical217-230pl
dc.description.versionostateczna wersja wydawcy
dc.description.volume72pl
dc.identifier.doi10.1037/amp0000091pl
dc.identifier.eissn1935-990Xpl
dc.identifier.issn0003-066Xpl
dc.identifier.urihttps://ruj.uj.edu.pl/xmlui/handle/item/52966
dc.languageengpl
dc.language.containerengpl
dc.rightsUdzielam licencji. Uznanie autorstwa 3.0 Polska*
dc.rights.licenceCC-BY
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/pl/legalcode*
dc.share.typeotwarte repozytorium
dc.subject.enviolent extremismpl
dc.subject.endeviancepl
dc.subject.enterrorismpl
dc.subject.enmotivationpl
dc.subtypeArticlepl
dc.titleTo the fringe and back : violent extremism and the psychology of deviancepl
dc.title.journalAmerican Psychologistpl
dc.typeJournalArticlepl
dspace.entity.typePublication
dc.abstract.enpl
We outline a general psychological theory of extremism and apply it to the special case of violent extremism (VE). Extremism is defined as motivated deviance from general behavioral norms and is assumed to stem from a shift from a balanced satisfaction of basic human needs afforded by moderation to a motivational imbalance wherein a given need dominates the others. Because motivational imbalance is difficult to sustain, only few individuals do, rendering extreme behavior relatively rare, hence deviant. Thus, individual dynamics translate into social patterns wherein majorities of individuals practice moderation, whereas extremism is the province of the few. Both extremism and moderation require the ability to successfully carry out the activities that these demand. Ability is partially determined by the activities’ difficulty, controllable in part by external agents who promote or oppose extremism. Application of this general framework to VE identifies the specific need that animates it and offers broad guidelines for addressing this pernicious phenomenon.
dc.affiliationpl
Wydział Filozoficzny : Instytut Psychologii
dc.contributor.authorpl
Kruglanski, Arie W.
dc.contributor.authorpl
Jaśko, Katarzyna - 104965
dc.contributor.authorpl
Chernikova, Marina
dc.contributor.authorpl
Dugas, Michelle
dc.contributor.authorpl
Webber, David
dc.date.accessioned
2018-04-06T06:32:46Z
dc.date.available
2018-04-06T06:32:46Z
dc.date.issuedpl
2017
dc.date.openaccess
12
dc.description.accesstime
po opublikowaniu
dc.description.numberpl
3
dc.description.physicalpl
217-230
dc.description.version
ostateczna wersja wydawcy
dc.description.volumepl
72
dc.identifier.doipl
10.1037/amp0000091
dc.identifier.eissnpl
1935-990X
dc.identifier.issnpl
0003-066X
dc.identifier.uri
https://ruj.uj.edu.pl/xmlui/handle/item/52966
dc.languagepl
eng
dc.language.containerpl
eng
dc.rights*
Udzielam licencji. Uznanie autorstwa 3.0 Polska
dc.rights.licence
CC-BY
dc.rights.uri*
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/pl/legalcode
dc.share.type
otwarte repozytorium
dc.subject.enpl
violent extremism
dc.subject.enpl
deviance
dc.subject.enpl
terrorism
dc.subject.enpl
motivation
dc.subtypepl
Article
dc.titlepl
To the fringe and back : violent extremism and the psychology of deviance
dc.title.journalpl
American Psychologist
dc.typepl
JournalArticle
dspace.entity.type
Publication
Affiliations

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