Współpraca USA-ZSRR w zakresie repatriacji amerykańskich jeńców wojennych w latach 1944-1947

2014
journal article
article
dc.abstract.enAn American-Soviet agreement regulating the principles of the mutual repatriation of POWs and civilians liberated from German captivity by the military units of both states was signed at the Yalta Conference (11 February 1945). Repatriation was entrusted to the USA Military Mission in the USSR, headed by Major General John R. Deane and the Plenipotentiary Council of Peoples’ Commissars / Council of Ministers of the USSR on Matters of Repatriation headed by Colonel General Filipp Ivanovich Golikov. In 1945-1947 the Plenipotentiary Board repatriated 22 481 American citizens via a transit camp in Odessa, and from May 1945 - directly across the front line. Despite the signed agreement the Soviet side did not respect its fundamental decisions, the most important of which pertained to the establishment of contact teams (officers active in the liberated camps and POW atherings), to which the Soviet authorities refused to agree. Furthermore, the prime problems included: lack of consent for supplying food and medicines to units containing American citizens, hampering the evacuation of the sick and the wounded, failure to inform the American side about the localisation of the liberated camps and the number of inmates-USA citizens, as well as the absence of suitable organisational efforts on the part of the USSR albeit formulated in the agreement. Repatriation was additionally hindered by the limited funds of the Plenipotentiary Board, the absence of a clear-cut division of competence, and rivalry between particular Soviet ministries.pl
dc.affiliationWydział Historyczny : Instytut Historiipl
dc.contributor.authorArkusz, Aleksandra - 114412 pl
dc.date.accession2019-09-02pl
dc.date.accessioned2015-03-19T13:18:38Z
dc.date.available2015-03-19T13:18:38Z
dc.date.issued2014pl
dc.date.openaccess0
dc.description.accesstimepo opublikowaniu
dc.description.number2pl
dc.description.physical253-286pl
dc.description.publication2,4pl
dc.description.versionostateczna wersja wydawcy
dc.description.volume121pl
dc.identifier.eissn2451-1315pl
dc.identifier.issn0023-5903pl
dc.identifier.projectROD UJ / Ppl
dc.identifier.urihttp://ruj.uj.edu.pl/xmlui/handle/item/3985
dc.identifier.weblinkhttp://rcin.org.pl/dlibra/publication?id=67153&tab=3pl
dc.languagepolpl
dc.language.containerpolpl
dc.rightsUdzielam licencji. Uznanie autorstwa - Bez utworów zależnych 4.0 Międzynarodowa*
dc.rights.licenceCC-BY-ND
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nd/4.0/legalcode.pl*
dc.share.typeotwarte repozytorium
dc.subtypeArticlepl
dc.titleWspółpraca USA-ZSRR w zakresie repatriacji amerykańskich jeńców wojennych w latach 1944-1947pl
dc.title.alternativeUS-USRR cooperation concerning the repatriation of American POWs in the 1944-1947 periodpl
dc.title.journalKwartalnik Historycznypl
dc.typeJournalArticlepl
dspace.entity.typePublication
dc.abstract.enpl
An American-Soviet agreement regulating the principles of the mutual repatriation of POWs and civilians liberated from German captivity by the military units of both states was signed at the Yalta Conference (11 February 1945). Repatriation was entrusted to the USA Military Mission in the USSR, headed by Major General John R. Deane and the Plenipotentiary Council of Peoples’ Commissars / Council of Ministers of the USSR on Matters of Repatriation headed by Colonel General Filipp Ivanovich Golikov. In 1945-1947 the Plenipotentiary Board repatriated 22 481 American citizens via a transit camp in Odessa, and from May 1945 - directly across the front line. Despite the signed agreement the Soviet side did not respect its fundamental decisions, the most important of which pertained to the establishment of contact teams (officers active in the liberated camps and POW atherings), to which the Soviet authorities refused to agree. Furthermore, the prime problems included: lack of consent for supplying food and medicines to units containing American citizens, hampering the evacuation of the sick and the wounded, failure to inform the American side about the localisation of the liberated camps and the number of inmates-USA citizens, as well as the absence of suitable organisational efforts on the part of the USSR albeit formulated in the agreement. Repatriation was additionally hindered by the limited funds of the Plenipotentiary Board, the absence of a clear-cut division of competence, and rivalry between particular Soviet ministries.
dc.affiliationpl
Wydział Historyczny : Instytut Historii
dc.contributor.authorpl
Arkusz, Aleksandra - 114412
dc.date.accessionpl
2019-09-02
dc.date.accessioned
2015-03-19T13:18:38Z
dc.date.available
2015-03-19T13:18:38Z
dc.date.issuedpl
2014
dc.date.openaccess
0
dc.description.accesstime
po opublikowaniu
dc.description.numberpl
2
dc.description.physicalpl
253-286
dc.description.publicationpl
2,4
dc.description.version
ostateczna wersja wydawcy
dc.description.volumepl
121
dc.identifier.eissnpl
2451-1315
dc.identifier.issnpl
0023-5903
dc.identifier.projectpl
ROD UJ / P
dc.identifier.uri
http://ruj.uj.edu.pl/xmlui/handle/item/3985
dc.identifier.weblinkpl
http://rcin.org.pl/dlibra/publication?id=67153&tab=3
dc.languagepl
pol
dc.language.containerpl
pol
dc.rights*
Udzielam licencji. Uznanie autorstwa - Bez utworów zależnych 4.0 Międzynarodowa
dc.rights.licence
CC-BY-ND
dc.rights.uri*
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nd/4.0/legalcode.pl
dc.share.type
otwarte repozytorium
dc.subtypepl
Article
dc.titlepl
Współpraca USA-ZSRR w zakresie repatriacji amerykańskich jeńców wojennych w latach 1944-1947
dc.title.alternativepl
US-USRR cooperation concerning the repatriation of American POWs in the 1944-1947 period
dc.title.journalpl
Kwartalnik Historyczny
dc.typepl
JournalArticle
dspace.entity.type
Publication
Affiliations

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