Francuska ustawa o muzeach

2010
journal article
article
dc.abstract.enThe history of the public museums in France began at the end of the XVIII century, when the ravages caused by the French Revolution made it clear that the cultural heritage had to be protected. In 1791 the National Assembly decided to make the ancient royal collection of art accessible to the public and to create a national museum in Louvre. In 1802 the French government commenced the policy of museum foundation in the provinces, on the basis of the deposits of national collections of art. In 1882 the existing museums were divided into two categories - national and municipal or departmental, while in 1945 they were divided into three categories - national, classified and controlled. At that time, the museum was defi ned as a permanent collection, rendered accessible to the public, consisting of works of artistic, historical or archeological value. In the second part of the XX century a growing variety of museums and their collections had led to the necessity of creating a new defi nition of this institution as well as of new rules aimed at their protection. In 2002 a new law on the museums of France was introduced; it defi ned the rules of museum activity as well as the scope of state protection and control on them. A new defi nition of a museum was also elaborated. It was now defi ned as a permanent collection, composed of value whose conservation and presentation is in public interest and whose goal is to inform, educate and entertain the society. In 2004 the law on the museums of France became an integral part of the Code of the Heritage (Code du Patrimoine) in which all the laws and decrees concerning the protection of cultural values, archives, libraries, museums, archeological excavations, historical monuments as well as protected places and landscapes, were assembled. In the Code, the existing regulations were simplifi ed and set in order, and the defi nitions of two important notions - namely that of cultural heritage and of national treasure - were introducedpl
dc.affiliationWydział Historycznypl
dc.contributor.authorDolińska, Magdalena - 147641 pl
dc.date.accession2019-05-21
dc.date.accessioned2019-05-06T06:05:09Z
dc.date.available2019-05-06T06:05:09Z
dc.date.issued2010pl
dc.date.openaccess0
dc.description.accesstimew momencie opublikowania
dc.description.physical129-140pl
dc.description.versionostateczna wersja wydawcy
dc.description.volume11pl
dc.identifier.eissn2084-3976pl
dc.identifier.issn1896-8201pl
dc.identifier.projectROD UJ / OPpl
dc.identifier.urihttps://ruj.uj.edu.pl/xmlui/handle/item/74046
dc.identifier.weblinkhttp://www.ejournals.eu/sj/index.php/ZwK/article/view/530/521
dc.languagepolpl
dc.language.containerpolpl
dc.rightsDozwolony użytek utworów chronionych*
dc.rights.licenceOTHER
dc.rights.urihttp://ruj.uj.edu.pl/4dspace/License/copyright/licencja_copyright.pdf*
dc.share.typeotwarte czasopismo
dc.subtypeArticlepl
dc.titleFrancuska ustawa o muzeachpl
dc.title.alternativeThe french museum actpl
dc.title.journalZarządzanie w Kulturzepl
dc.typeJournalArticlepl
dspace.entity.typePublication
dc.abstract.enpl
The history of the public museums in France began at the end of the XVIII century, when the ravages caused by the French Revolution made it clear that the cultural heritage had to be protected. In 1791 the National Assembly decided to make the ancient royal collection of art accessible to the public and to create a national museum in Louvre. In 1802 the French government commenced the policy of museum foundation in the provinces, on the basis of the deposits of national collections of art. In 1882 the existing museums were divided into two categories - national and municipal or departmental, while in 1945 they were divided into three categories - national, classified and controlled. At that time, the museum was defi ned as a permanent collection, rendered accessible to the public, consisting of works of artistic, historical or archeological value. In the second part of the XX century a growing variety of museums and their collections had led to the necessity of creating a new defi nition of this institution as well as of new rules aimed at their protection. In 2002 a new law on the museums of France was introduced; it defi ned the rules of museum activity as well as the scope of state protection and control on them. A new defi nition of a museum was also elaborated. It was now defi ned as a permanent collection, composed of value whose conservation and presentation is in public interest and whose goal is to inform, educate and entertain the society. In 2004 the law on the museums of France became an integral part of the Code of the Heritage (Code du Patrimoine) in which all the laws and decrees concerning the protection of cultural values, archives, libraries, museums, archeological excavations, historical monuments as well as protected places and landscapes, were assembled. In the Code, the existing regulations were simplifi ed and set in order, and the defi nitions of two important notions - namely that of cultural heritage and of national treasure - were introduced
dc.affiliationpl
Wydział Historyczny
dc.contributor.authorpl
Dolińska, Magdalena - 147641
dc.date.accession
2019-05-21
dc.date.accessioned
2019-05-06T06:05:09Z
dc.date.available
2019-05-06T06:05:09Z
dc.date.issuedpl
2010
dc.date.openaccess
0
dc.description.accesstime
w momencie opublikowania
dc.description.physicalpl
129-140
dc.description.version
ostateczna wersja wydawcy
dc.description.volumepl
11
dc.identifier.eissnpl
2084-3976
dc.identifier.issnpl
1896-8201
dc.identifier.projectpl
ROD UJ / OP
dc.identifier.uri
https://ruj.uj.edu.pl/xmlui/handle/item/74046
dc.identifier.weblink
http://www.ejournals.eu/sj/index.php/ZwK/article/view/530/521
dc.languagepl
pol
dc.language.containerpl
pol
dc.rights*
Dozwolony użytek utworów chronionych
dc.rights.licence
OTHER
dc.rights.uri*
http://ruj.uj.edu.pl/4dspace/License/copyright/licencja_copyright.pdf
dc.share.type
otwarte czasopismo
dc.subtypepl
Article
dc.titlepl
Francuska ustawa o muzeach
dc.title.alternativepl
The french museum act
dc.title.journalpl
Zarządzanie w Kulturze
dc.typepl
JournalArticle
dspace.entity.type
Publication
Affiliations

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