Attention training in schoolchildren improves attention but fails to enhance fluid intelligence

2017
journal article
article
5
cris.lastimport.wos2024-04-10T00:35:48Z
dc.abstract.enFluid intelligence is a critical factor in learning and instruction. It also influences performance at school and in the workplace. There have been many attempts to directly and indirectly improve general fluid intelligence by training its underlying cognitive functions, such as working memory, cognitive control, or attention. The aim of the present study was to determine the extent to which school-age children's scores on intelligence tests could be improved by attention training. After training sessions, which consisted of four computerized cognitive tasks that practiced various aspects of attention, the children's scores on an attention test improved, with fewer false alarms and increased performance speed. This improvement partially persisted over an extended period of time. However, this effect was not associated with higher intelligence test scores. These results suggest that attention is possible to develop through short-term interventions but general intelligence is not. We interpret our findings in terms of the three-stratum theory of human intelligence.pl
dc.affiliationWydział Filozoficzny : Instytut Psychologiipl
dc.contributor.authorSarzyńska, Justynapl
dc.contributor.authorŻelechowska, Dorotapl
dc.contributor.authorFalkiewicz, Marcelpl
dc.contributor.authorNęcka, Edward - 130920 pl
dc.date.accessioned2018-02-12T12:12:54Z
dc.date.available2018-02-12T12:12:54Z
dc.date.issued2017pl
dc.date.openaccess0
dc.description.accesstimew momencie opublikowania
dc.description.number1pl
dc.description.physical50-65pl
dc.description.versionostateczna wersja wydawcy
dc.description.volume59pl
dc.identifier.doi10.21909/sp.2017.01.730pl
dc.identifier.issn0039-3320pl
dc.identifier.urihttps://ruj.uj.edu.pl/xmlui/handle/item/50159
dc.languageengpl
dc.language.containerengpl
dc.rightsUdzielam licencji. Uznanie autorstwa 3.0 Polska*
dc.rights.licenceOTHER
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/pl/legalcode*
dc.share.typeinne
dc.subject.enattentionpl
dc.subject.encognitive trainingpl
dc.subject.enintelligencepl
dc.subtypeArticlepl
dc.titleAttention training in schoolchildren improves attention but fails to enhance fluid intelligencepl
dc.title.journalStudia Psychologicapl
dc.typeJournalArticlepl
dspace.entity.typePublication
cris.lastimport.wos
2024-04-10T00:35:48Z
dc.abstract.enpl
Fluid intelligence is a critical factor in learning and instruction. It also influences performance at school and in the workplace. There have been many attempts to directly and indirectly improve general fluid intelligence by training its underlying cognitive functions, such as working memory, cognitive control, or attention. The aim of the present study was to determine the extent to which school-age children's scores on intelligence tests could be improved by attention training. After training sessions, which consisted of four computerized cognitive tasks that practiced various aspects of attention, the children's scores on an attention test improved, with fewer false alarms and increased performance speed. This improvement partially persisted over an extended period of time. However, this effect was not associated with higher intelligence test scores. These results suggest that attention is possible to develop through short-term interventions but general intelligence is not. We interpret our findings in terms of the three-stratum theory of human intelligence.
dc.affiliationpl
Wydział Filozoficzny : Instytut Psychologii
dc.contributor.authorpl
Sarzyńska, Justyna
dc.contributor.authorpl
Żelechowska, Dorota
dc.contributor.authorpl
Falkiewicz, Marcel
dc.contributor.authorpl
Nęcka, Edward - 130920
dc.date.accessioned
2018-02-12T12:12:54Z
dc.date.available
2018-02-12T12:12:54Z
dc.date.issuedpl
2017
dc.date.openaccess
0
dc.description.accesstime
w momencie opublikowania
dc.description.numberpl
1
dc.description.physicalpl
50-65
dc.description.version
ostateczna wersja wydawcy
dc.description.volumepl
59
dc.identifier.doipl
10.21909/sp.2017.01.730
dc.identifier.issnpl
0039-3320
dc.identifier.uri
https://ruj.uj.edu.pl/xmlui/handle/item/50159
dc.languagepl
eng
dc.language.containerpl
eng
dc.rights*
Udzielam licencji. Uznanie autorstwa 3.0 Polska
dc.rights.licence
OTHER
dc.rights.uri*
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/pl/legalcode
dc.share.type
inne
dc.subject.enpl
attention
dc.subject.enpl
cognitive training
dc.subject.enpl
intelligence
dc.subtypepl
Article
dc.titlepl
Attention training in schoolchildren improves attention but fails to enhance fluid intelligence
dc.title.journalpl
Studia Psychologica
dc.typepl
JournalArticle
dspace.entity.type
Publication
Affiliations

* The migration of download and view statistics prior to the date of April 8, 2024 is in progress.

Views
6
Views per month
Views per city
Gainesville
2
Ashburn
1
Fulham
1
Utrecht
1
Downloads
sarzynska_zelechowska_falkiewicz_necka_attention_training_in_schoolchildren_improves_attention_2017.pdf
10