Mapping past human land use using archaeological data : a new classification for global land use synthesis and data harmonization

2021
journal article
article
dc.abstract.enIn the 12,000 years preceding the Industrial Revolution, human activities led to significant changes in land cover, plant and animal distributions, surface hydrology, and biochemical cycles. Earth system models suggest that this anthropogenic land cover change influenced regional and global climate. However, the representation of past land use in earth system models is currently oversimplified. As a result, there are large uncertainties in the current understanding of the past and current state of the earth system. In order to improve representation of the variety and scale of impacts that past land use had on the earth system, a global effort is underway to aggregate and synthesize archaeological and historical evidence of land use systems. Here we present a simple, hierarchical classification of land use systems designed to be used with archaeological and historical data at a global scale and a schema of codes that identify land use practices common to a range of systems, both implemented in a geospatial database. The classification scheme and database resulted from an extensive process of consultation with researchers worldwide. Our scheme is designed to deliver consistent, empirically robust data for the improvement of land use models, while simultaneously allowing for a comparative, detailed mapping of land use relevant to the needs of historical scholars. To illustrate the benefits of the classification scheme and methods for mapping historical land use, we apply it to Mesopotamia and Arabia at 6 kya (c. 4000 BCE). The scheme will be used to describe land use by the Past Global Changes (PAGES) LandCover6k working group, an international project comprised of archaeologists, historians, geographers, paleoecologists, and modelers. Beyond this, the scheme has a wide utility for creating a common language between research and policy communities, linking archaeologists with climate modelers, biodiversity conservation workers and initiatives.pl
dc.affiliationWydział Historyczny : Instytut Archeologiipl
dc.contributor.authorMorrison, Kathleen D.pl
dc.contributor.authorHammer, Emilypl
dc.contributor.authorBoles, Oliverpl
dc.contributor.authorMadella, Marcopl
dc.contributor.authorWhitehouse, Nicolapl
dc.contributor.authorGaillard, Marie-Josepl
dc.contributor.authorBates, Jenniferpl
dc.contributor.authorVander Linden, Marcpl
dc.contributor.authorMerlo, Stefaniapl
dc.contributor.authorYao, Alicepl
dc.contributor.authorPopova, Laurapl
dc.contributor.authorChad Hill, Austinpl
dc.contributor.authorAntolin, Ferranpl
dc.contributor.authorBauer, Andrewpl
dc.contributor.authorBiagetti, Stefanopl
dc.contributor.authorBishop, Rosie R.pl
dc.contributor.authorBuckland, Phillippl
dc.contributor.authorCruz, Pablopl
dc.contributor.authorDreslerova, Dagmarpl
dc.contributor.authorDusseldorp, Gerritpl
dc.contributor.authorEllis, Erlepl
dc.contributor.authorFilipovic, Draganapl
dc.contributor.authorFoster, Thomaspl
dc.contributor.authorHannaford, Matthew J.pl
dc.contributor.authorHarrison, Sandy P.pl
dc.contributor.authorHazarika, Manjilpl
dc.contributor.authorHerold, Hajnalkapl
dc.contributor.authorHilpert, Johannapl
dc.contributor.authorKaplan, Jed O.pl
dc.contributor.authorKay, Andreapl
dc.contributor.authorKlein Goldewijk, Keespl
dc.contributor.authorKolář, Janpl
dc.contributor.authorKyazike, Elizabethpl
dc.contributor.authorLaabs, Julianpl
dc.contributor.authorLancelotti, Carlapl
dc.contributor.authorLane, Paulpl
dc.contributor.authorLawrence, Danpl
dc.contributor.authorLewis, Kristapl
dc.contributor.authorLombardo, Carlapl
dc.contributor.authorLucarini, Giuliopl
dc.contributor.authorArroyo-Kalin, Manuelpl
dc.contributor.authorMarchan, Robpl
dc.contributor.authorMayle, Francispl
dc.contributor.authorMcClatchie, Merielpl
dc.contributor.authorMcLeester, Madeleinepl
dc.contributor.authorMooney, Scottpl
dc.contributor.authorMoskal-del Hoyo, Magdalenapl
dc.contributor.authorNavarrete, Vanessapl
dc.contributor.authorNdiema, Emmanuelpl
dc.contributor.authorNeves, Góes Eduardopl
dc.contributor.authorNowak, Marek - 131034 pl
dc.contributor.authorPetrie, Cameronpl
dc.contributor.authorPhelps, Leanne N.pl
dc.contributor.authorPinke, Zsoltpl
dc.contributor.authorRostain, Stéphenpl
dc.contributor.authorRussell, Thembipl
dc.contributor.authorSluyter, Andrewpl
dc.contributor.authorStyring, Amy K.pl
dc.contributor.authorTamanaha, Eduardopl
dc.contributor.authorThomas, Evertpl
dc.contributor.authorVeerasamy, Selvakumarpl
dc.contributor.authorWelton, Lynnpl
dc.contributor.authorZanon, Marcopl
dc.contributor.authorOut, Welmoed A.pl
dc.date.accessioned2021-07-06T12:04:06Z
dc.date.available2021-07-06T12:04:06Z
dc.date.issued2021pl
dc.date.openaccess0
dc.description.accesstimew momencie opublikowania
dc.description.number4pl
dc.description.publication1,71pl
dc.description.versionostateczna wersja wydawcy
dc.description.volume16pl
dc.identifier.articleid0246662pl
dc.identifier.doi10.1371/journal.pone.0246662pl
dc.identifier.eissn1932-6203pl
dc.identifier.projectROD UJ / OPpl
dc.identifier.urihttps://ruj.uj.edu.pl/xmlui/handle/item/276104
dc.languageengpl
dc.language.containerengpl
dc.pbn.affiliationDziedzina nauk humanistycznych : archeologiapl
dc.rightsUdzielam licencji. Uznanie autorstwa 4.0 Międzynarodowa*
dc.rights.licenceCC-BY
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode.pl*
dc.share.typeotwarte czasopismo
dc.subtypeArticlepl
dc.titleMapping past human land use using archaeological data : a new classification for global land use synthesis and data harmonizationpl
dc.title.journalPLoS ONEpl
dc.typeJournalArticlepl
dspace.entity.typePublication
dc.abstract.enpl
In the 12,000 years preceding the Industrial Revolution, human activities led to significant changes in land cover, plant and animal distributions, surface hydrology, and biochemical cycles. Earth system models suggest that this anthropogenic land cover change influenced regional and global climate. However, the representation of past land use in earth system models is currently oversimplified. As a result, there are large uncertainties in the current understanding of the past and current state of the earth system. In order to improve representation of the variety and scale of impacts that past land use had on the earth system, a global effort is underway to aggregate and synthesize archaeological and historical evidence of land use systems. Here we present a simple, hierarchical classification of land use systems designed to be used with archaeological and historical data at a global scale and a schema of codes that identify land use practices common to a range of systems, both implemented in a geospatial database. The classification scheme and database resulted from an extensive process of consultation with researchers worldwide. Our scheme is designed to deliver consistent, empirically robust data for the improvement of land use models, while simultaneously allowing for a comparative, detailed mapping of land use relevant to the needs of historical scholars. To illustrate the benefits of the classification scheme and methods for mapping historical land use, we apply it to Mesopotamia and Arabia at 6 kya (c. 4000 BCE). The scheme will be used to describe land use by the Past Global Changes (PAGES) LandCover6k working group, an international project comprised of archaeologists, historians, geographers, paleoecologists, and modelers. Beyond this, the scheme has a wide utility for creating a common language between research and policy communities, linking archaeologists with climate modelers, biodiversity conservation workers and initiatives.
dc.affiliationpl
Wydział Historyczny : Instytut Archeologii
dc.contributor.authorpl
Morrison, Kathleen D.
dc.contributor.authorpl
Hammer, Emily
dc.contributor.authorpl
Boles, Oliver
dc.contributor.authorpl
Madella, Marco
dc.contributor.authorpl
Whitehouse, Nicola
dc.contributor.authorpl
Gaillard, Marie-Jose
dc.contributor.authorpl
Bates, Jennifer
dc.contributor.authorpl
Vander Linden, Marc
dc.contributor.authorpl
Merlo, Stefania
dc.contributor.authorpl
Yao, Alice
dc.contributor.authorpl
Popova, Laura
dc.contributor.authorpl
Chad Hill, Austin
dc.contributor.authorpl
Antolin, Ferran
dc.contributor.authorpl
Bauer, Andrew
dc.contributor.authorpl
Biagetti, Stefano
dc.contributor.authorpl
Bishop, Rosie R.
dc.contributor.authorpl
Buckland, Phillip
dc.contributor.authorpl
Cruz, Pablo
dc.contributor.authorpl
Dreslerova, Dagmar
dc.contributor.authorpl
Dusseldorp, Gerrit
dc.contributor.authorpl
Ellis, Erle
dc.contributor.authorpl
Filipovic, Dragana
dc.contributor.authorpl
Foster, Thomas
dc.contributor.authorpl
Hannaford, Matthew J.
dc.contributor.authorpl
Harrison, Sandy P.
dc.contributor.authorpl
Hazarika, Manjil
dc.contributor.authorpl
Herold, Hajnalka
dc.contributor.authorpl
Hilpert, Johanna
dc.contributor.authorpl
Kaplan, Jed O.
dc.contributor.authorpl
Kay, Andrea
dc.contributor.authorpl
Klein Goldewijk, Kees
dc.contributor.authorpl
Kolář, Jan
dc.contributor.authorpl
Kyazike, Elizabeth
dc.contributor.authorpl
Laabs, Julian
dc.contributor.authorpl
Lancelotti, Carla
dc.contributor.authorpl
Lane, Paul
dc.contributor.authorpl
Lawrence, Dan
dc.contributor.authorpl
Lewis, Krista
dc.contributor.authorpl
Lombardo, Carla
dc.contributor.authorpl
Lucarini, Giulio
dc.contributor.authorpl
Arroyo-Kalin, Manuel
dc.contributor.authorpl
Marchan, Rob
dc.contributor.authorpl
Mayle, Francis
dc.contributor.authorpl
McClatchie, Meriel
dc.contributor.authorpl
McLeester, Madeleine
dc.contributor.authorpl
Mooney, Scott
dc.contributor.authorpl
Moskal-del Hoyo, Magdalena
dc.contributor.authorpl
Navarrete, Vanessa
dc.contributor.authorpl
Ndiema, Emmanuel
dc.contributor.authorpl
Neves, Góes Eduardo
dc.contributor.authorpl
Nowak, Marek - 131034
dc.contributor.authorpl
Petrie, Cameron
dc.contributor.authorpl
Phelps, Leanne N.
dc.contributor.authorpl
Pinke, Zsolt
dc.contributor.authorpl
Rostain, Stéphen
dc.contributor.authorpl
Russell, Thembi
dc.contributor.authorpl
Sluyter, Andrew
dc.contributor.authorpl
Styring, Amy K.
dc.contributor.authorpl
Tamanaha, Eduardo
dc.contributor.authorpl
Thomas, Evert
dc.contributor.authorpl
Veerasamy, Selvakumar
dc.contributor.authorpl
Welton, Lynn
dc.contributor.authorpl
Zanon, Marco
dc.contributor.authorpl
Out, Welmoed A.
dc.date.accessioned
2021-07-06T12:04:06Z
dc.date.available
2021-07-06T12:04:06Z
dc.date.issuedpl
2021
dc.date.openaccess
0
dc.description.accesstime
w momencie opublikowania
dc.description.numberpl
4
dc.description.publicationpl
1,71
dc.description.version
ostateczna wersja wydawcy
dc.description.volumepl
16
dc.identifier.articleidpl
0246662
dc.identifier.doipl
10.1371/journal.pone.0246662
dc.identifier.eissnpl
1932-6203
dc.identifier.projectpl
ROD UJ / OP
dc.identifier.uri
https://ruj.uj.edu.pl/xmlui/handle/item/276104
dc.languagepl
eng
dc.language.containerpl
eng
dc.pbn.affiliationpl
Dziedzina nauk humanistycznych : archeologia
dc.rights*
Udzielam licencji. Uznanie autorstwa 4.0 Międzynarodowa
dc.rights.licence
CC-BY
dc.rights.uri*
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode.pl
dc.share.type
otwarte czasopismo
dc.subtypepl
Article
dc.titlepl
Mapping past human land use using archaeological data : a new classification for global land use synthesis and data harmonization
dc.title.journalpl
PLoS ONE
dc.typepl
JournalArticle
dspace.entity.type
Publication
Affiliations

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