Morphology and properties of permafrost-affected soils under different tundra vegetation in central Spitsbergen

2023
journal article
article
dc.abstract.enThe main aim of this study was to determine the morphology, physical and chemical properties of permafrost-affected soils under different types of tundra in the central part of Spitsbergen. This is a preliminary part of detailed studies focused on the relationship between tundra vegetation and permafrost-affected soils in the Spitsbergen. The obtained results indicate that all the studied soils represent an early stage of formation and the main soil-forming process present in these soils is cryoturbation. Most of the studied soils are shallow and contain a high content of coarse rock fragments. Tundra vegetation type plays controlling role in the development and structure of surface soil horizons. All the studied soils are characterized by loamy texture and acidic or slightly acidic reaction, and these properties are not very different under various tundra vegetation types. The contents of soil organic matter are strongly dependent on the type of tundra vegetation. The highest soil organic matter content occurs at sites with well-developed vegetation such as heath and wet moss tundra. The high carbon-to-nitrogen ratio for the surface soil horizons of the majority of the studied soils indicates that organic matter is poorly decomposed under all the studied tundra vegetation types. This is most likely related to low activity of soil microorganisms in the harsh High Arctic environment. However, the lowest carbon-to-nitrogen ratio was noted for surface soil horizons at sites covered with Arctic meadow, and this indicates that there occur the optimum conditions for soil organic matter decomposition.pl
dc.affiliationWydział Geografii i Geologii : Instytut Geografii i Gospodarki Przestrzennejpl
dc.affiliationSzkoła Doktorska Nauk Ścisłych i Przyrodniczychpl
dc.contributor.authorBartos, Anna - 229641 pl
dc.contributor.authorSzymański, Wojciech - 160852 pl
dc.contributor.authorGus-Stolarczyk, Magdalena - 196201 pl
dc.date.accessioned2023-11-21T14:15:42Z
dc.date.available2023-11-21T14:15:42Z
dc.date.issued2023pl
dc.date.openaccess0
dc.description.accesstimew momencie opublikowania
dc.description.additionalBibliogr. s. 16-20pl
dc.description.number1pl
dc.description.physical1-20pl
dc.description.versionostateczna wersja wydawcy
dc.description.volume44pl
dc.identifier.doi10.24425/ppr.2022.143317pl
dc.identifier.eissn2081-8262pl
dc.identifier.issn0138-0338pl
dc.identifier.urihttps://ruj.uj.edu.pl/xmlui/handle/item/323501
dc.languageengpl
dc.language.containerengpl
dc.rightsUdzielam licencji. Uznanie autorstwa 4.0 Międzynarodowa*
dc.rights.licenceCC-BY
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode.pl*
dc.share.typeotwarte czasopismo
dc.subject.enArcticpl
dc.subject.enSvalbardpl
dc.subject.ensoil organic matterpl
dc.subject.enheath and pioneer tundrapl
dc.subject.enCryosolspl
dc.subtypeArticlepl
dc.titleMorphology and properties of permafrost-affected soils under different tundra vegetation in central Spitsbergenpl
dc.title.journalPolish Polar Researchpl
dc.typeJournalArticlepl
dspace.entity.typePublication
dc.abstract.enpl
The main aim of this study was to determine the morphology, physical and chemical properties of permafrost-affected soils under different types of tundra in the central part of Spitsbergen. This is a preliminary part of detailed studies focused on the relationship between tundra vegetation and permafrost-affected soils in the Spitsbergen. The obtained results indicate that all the studied soils represent an early stage of formation and the main soil-forming process present in these soils is cryoturbation. Most of the studied soils are shallow and contain a high content of coarse rock fragments. Tundra vegetation type plays controlling role in the development and structure of surface soil horizons. All the studied soils are characterized by loamy texture and acidic or slightly acidic reaction, and these properties are not very different under various tundra vegetation types. The contents of soil organic matter are strongly dependent on the type of tundra vegetation. The highest soil organic matter content occurs at sites with well-developed vegetation such as heath and wet moss tundra. The high carbon-to-nitrogen ratio for the surface soil horizons of the majority of the studied soils indicates that organic matter is poorly decomposed under all the studied tundra vegetation types. This is most likely related to low activity of soil microorganisms in the harsh High Arctic environment. However, the lowest carbon-to-nitrogen ratio was noted for surface soil horizons at sites covered with Arctic meadow, and this indicates that there occur the optimum conditions for soil organic matter decomposition.
dc.affiliationpl
Wydział Geografii i Geologii : Instytut Geografii i Gospodarki Przestrzennej
dc.affiliationpl
Szkoła Doktorska Nauk Ścisłych i Przyrodniczych
dc.contributor.authorpl
Bartos, Anna - 229641
dc.contributor.authorpl
Szymański, Wojciech - 160852
dc.contributor.authorpl
Gus-Stolarczyk, Magdalena - 196201
dc.date.accessioned
2023-11-21T14:15:42Z
dc.date.available
2023-11-21T14:15:42Z
dc.date.issuedpl
2023
dc.date.openaccess
0
dc.description.accesstime
w momencie opublikowania
dc.description.additionalpl
Bibliogr. s. 16-20
dc.description.numberpl
1
dc.description.physicalpl
1-20
dc.description.version
ostateczna wersja wydawcy
dc.description.volumepl
44
dc.identifier.doipl
10.24425/ppr.2022.143317
dc.identifier.eissnpl
2081-8262
dc.identifier.issnpl
0138-0338
dc.identifier.uri
https://ruj.uj.edu.pl/xmlui/handle/item/323501
dc.languagepl
eng
dc.language.containerpl
eng
dc.rights*
Udzielam licencji. Uznanie autorstwa 4.0 Międzynarodowa
dc.rights.licence
CC-BY
dc.rights.uri*
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode.pl
dc.share.type
otwarte czasopismo
dc.subject.enpl
Arctic
dc.subject.enpl
Svalbard
dc.subject.enpl
soil organic matter
dc.subject.enpl
heath and pioneer tundra
dc.subject.enpl
Cryosols
dc.subtypepl
Article
dc.titlepl
Morphology and properties of permafrost-affected soils under different tundra vegetation in central Spitsbergen
dc.title.journalpl
Polish Polar Research
dc.typepl
JournalArticle
dspace.entity.type
Publication

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