Kwestia wyznaniowa w procesie kształtowania się nowoczesnej chorwackiej i serbskiej idei narodowej w Dalmacji w XIX wieku

2006
book section
article
dc.abstract.enHabsburg monarchy’s southernmost province, Dalmatia offers a good example to study the complex process of modem Croatian and Serbian national idea forming in the 19th century, a process in which the denominational factor would play an important part. Four hundred years of Venetian rule in Dalmatia had not only severed its links with Croatia but had also undermined a sense of belonging to the Croatian nation in its Croatian inhabitants, who made up more than three quarters of its population. By contrast, the Orthodox group had preserved its Serbian awareness in its early form, i.e., based on religion. While denomination did not directly differentiate between Croats and Serbs, it did nevertheless affect the making of the Croatian and Serbian national identity among their elites. The Catholic church, with its universalistic organization, did not directly contribute to the building of Croatian national awareness; instead it helped shape the cultural values of Croatian Catholic elites by introducing tenets from Western Christendom. Unlike it, the Orthodox congregation was seen as a national church. Cultivating traditions from the Serbian state and its holy rulers, it helped promote Serbian identity. Early in their modern national awareness forming, Croatian national elites did not make a link between denomination and nationality and did not treat it as a quality distinguishing them from Serbs. Dalmatian revival was actively supported by clergy, Catholic and Orthodox alike. A leading activist and ideologue of the movement was the Croatian priest Mihovil PavlinoviC, who persisted in trying to give it a Slavic, or Yugoslavian, character, as he emphasized the need to hold common front with the Serbs. Treating Catholicism and Orthodoxy on a par as Christ’s teaching, he accorded what he held were two major institutions among the Southern Slavs a special role in “perfecting” the “Yugoslav” nation. In implementing this vision of both churches’ mission he toured southern Slavic lands with the Orthodox priest J. Sundeiic in 1864. Soon, however, contention arose leading to conflict between Serbs and Croats in Dalmatia, one reason for which being manifestations of the Serbian national idea. They were the work of a conservative circle of Dalmatian Serbs composed mainly of clergy. Accusations were launched against PavlinoviC and other Croatian activists as trying to "Croatize" and "Catholicize" Serbs. In response, Pavlinovid reoriented the movement’s ideology giving it a Croatian and clerical character. The essence of his program, announced in 1869 and titled "Hrvatska misao," he summed up in the words: Croat and Catholic.” In 1877, internal political conflict within the National Party was reduced by one of its leaders, the Serb S. LjubiJa, to nationalist and denominational strife, aggravating Serbo-Croatian relations in Dalmatia.pl
dc.affiliationWydział Historyczny : Instytut Historiipl
dc.contributor.authorCetnarowicz, Antoni - 127520 pl
dc.contributor.editorQuirini-Popławska, Danuta - 337745 pl
dc.date.accessioned2021-05-28T11:10:30Z
dc.date.available2021-05-28T11:10:30Z
dc.date.issued2006pl
dc.date.openaccess168
dc.description.accesstimepo opublikowaniu
dc.description.additionalRecenzowana publ. konferencyjna. Strona wydawcy: https://www.wuj.plpl
dc.description.physical259-269pl
dc.description.publication0,69pl
dc.description.seriesPortolana. Studia Mediterranea
dc.description.seriesnumbervol. 2
dc.description.versionostateczna wersja wydawcy
dc.identifier.isbn83-233-2059-4pl
dc.identifier.isbn978-83-233-2059-3pl
dc.identifier.projectROD UJ / OSpl
dc.identifier.urihttps://ruj.uj.edu.pl/xmlui/handle/item/271925
dc.languagepolpl
dc.language.containerpolpl
dc.pubinfoKraków : Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Jagiellońskiegopl
dc.rightsDozwolony użytek utworów chronionych*
dc.rights.licenceOTHER
dc.rights.urihttp://ruj.uj.edu.pl/4dspace/License/copyright/licencja_copyright.pdf*
dc.share.typeotwarte repozytorium
dc.subject.plChorwacjapl
dc.subject.plSerbiapl
dc.subtypeArticlepl
dc.titleKwestia wyznaniowa w procesie kształtowania się nowoczesnej chorwackiej i serbskiej idei narodowej w Dalmacji w XIX wiekupl
dc.title.alternativeDenominations in the making of modern Croation and Serbian national idea in the 19th century Dalmatiapl
dc.title.containerReligie świata śródziemnomorskiegopl
dc.typeBookSectionpl
dspace.entity.typePublication
dc.abstract.enpl
Habsburg monarchy’s southernmost province, Dalmatia offers a good example to study the complex process of modem Croatian and Serbian national idea forming in the 19th century, a process in which the denominational factor would play an important part. Four hundred years of Venetian rule in Dalmatia had not only severed its links with Croatia but had also undermined a sense of belonging to the Croatian nation in its Croatian inhabitants, who made up more than three quarters of its population. By contrast, the Orthodox group had preserved its Serbian awareness in its early form, i.e., based on religion. While denomination did not directly differentiate between Croats and Serbs, it did nevertheless affect the making of the Croatian and Serbian national identity among their elites. The Catholic church, with its universalistic organization, did not directly contribute to the building of Croatian national awareness; instead it helped shape the cultural values of Croatian Catholic elites by introducing tenets from Western Christendom. Unlike it, the Orthodox congregation was seen as a national church. Cultivating traditions from the Serbian state and its holy rulers, it helped promote Serbian identity. Early in their modern national awareness forming, Croatian national elites did not make a link between denomination and nationality and did not treat it as a quality distinguishing them from Serbs. Dalmatian revival was actively supported by clergy, Catholic and Orthodox alike. A leading activist and ideologue of the movement was the Croatian priest Mihovil PavlinoviC, who persisted in trying to give it a Slavic, or Yugoslavian, character, as he emphasized the need to hold common front with the Serbs. Treating Catholicism and Orthodoxy on a par as Christ’s teaching, he accorded what he held were two major institutions among the Southern Slavs a special role in “perfecting” the “Yugoslav” nation. In implementing this vision of both churches’ mission he toured southern Slavic lands with the Orthodox priest J. Sundeiic in 1864. Soon, however, contention arose leading to conflict between Serbs and Croats in Dalmatia, one reason for which being manifestations of the Serbian national idea. They were the work of a conservative circle of Dalmatian Serbs composed mainly of clergy. Accusations were launched against PavlinoviC and other Croatian activists as trying to "Croatize" and "Catholicize" Serbs. In response, Pavlinovid reoriented the movement’s ideology giving it a Croatian and clerical character. The essence of his program, announced in 1869 and titled "Hrvatska misao," he summed up in the words: Croat and Catholic.” In 1877, internal political conflict within the National Party was reduced by one of its leaders, the Serb S. LjubiJa, to nationalist and denominational strife, aggravating Serbo-Croatian relations in Dalmatia.
dc.affiliationpl
Wydział Historyczny : Instytut Historii
dc.contributor.authorpl
Cetnarowicz, Antoni - 127520
dc.contributor.editorpl
Quirini-Popławska, Danuta - 337745
dc.date.accessioned
2021-05-28T11:10:30Z
dc.date.available
2021-05-28T11:10:30Z
dc.date.issuedpl
2006
dc.date.openaccess
168
dc.description.accesstime
po opublikowaniu
dc.description.additionalpl
Recenzowana publ. konferencyjna. Strona wydawcy: https://www.wuj.pl
dc.description.physicalpl
259-269
dc.description.publicationpl
0,69
dc.description.series
Portolana. Studia Mediterranea
dc.description.seriesnumber
vol. 2
dc.description.version
ostateczna wersja wydawcy
dc.identifier.isbnpl
83-233-2059-4
dc.identifier.isbnpl
978-83-233-2059-3
dc.identifier.projectpl
ROD UJ / OS
dc.identifier.uri
https://ruj.uj.edu.pl/xmlui/handle/item/271925
dc.languagepl
pol
dc.language.containerpl
pol
dc.pubinfopl
Kraków : Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Jagiellońskiego
dc.rights*
Dozwolony użytek utworów chronionych
dc.rights.licence
OTHER
dc.rights.uri*
http://ruj.uj.edu.pl/4dspace/License/copyright/licencja_copyright.pdf
dc.share.type
otwarte repozytorium
dc.subject.plpl
Chorwacja
dc.subject.plpl
Serbia
dc.subtypepl
Article
dc.titlepl
Kwestia wyznaniowa w procesie kształtowania się nowoczesnej chorwackiej i serbskiej idei narodowej w Dalmacji w XIX wieku
dc.title.alternativepl
Denominations in the making of modern Croation and Serbian national idea in the 19th century Dalmatia
dc.title.containerpl
Religie świata śródziemnomorskiego
dc.typepl
BookSection
dspace.entity.type
Publication
Affiliations

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