The child as an observer : the influence of adults’ nonverbal messages on children’s social attitudes

2019
journal article
article
dc.abstract.enPrevious research showed that children can exhibit preferences for social categories already at preschool age. One of the crucial factors in the development of children’s attitudes toward others is children’s observation and imitation of adults’ nonverbal messages. The aim of our study is to examine whether children’s tendency to perceive and follow nonverbally expressed attitudes toward other people is related to ingroup bias, i.e. the tendency to favor one’s own group over other groups. We examined 175 preschool children (age in months: 61-87; M = 72.6, SD = 6.53) presenting them with a video of a conversation between a message sender and a message recipient. The study was conducted in a minimal group paradigm. We found that children accurately identified the message sender’s attitude toward the recipient and also generalized this attitude to other members of the new group. We also found explicit ingroup bias among children from the message sender’s group. However, no generalization of the sender’s attitude to other ingroup members was found. The results are discussed in reference to previous findings on the role of imitation of adult’s non-verbal behavior for the development of social attitudes among children.pl
dc.affiliationWydział Filozoficzny : Instytut Psychologiipl
dc.contributor.authorJurasińska, Anna - 193301 pl
dc.contributor.authorBukowski, Marcin - 162096 pl
dc.contributor.authorBiałecka-Pikul, Marta - 127299 pl
dc.date.accession2020-01-29pl
dc.date.accessioned2020-01-29T21:53:35Z
dc.date.available2020-01-29T21:53:35Z
dc.date.issued2019pl
dc.date.openaccess0
dc.description.accesstimew momencie opublikowania
dc.description.number4pl
dc.description.physical357-367pl
dc.description.versionostateczna wersja wydawcy
dc.description.volume50pl
dc.identifier.doi10.24425/ppb.2019.131500pl
dc.identifier.eissn1641-7844pl
dc.identifier.issn0079-2993pl
dc.identifier.projectROD UJ / OPpl
dc.identifier.urihttps://ruj.uj.edu.pl/xmlui/handle/item/147908
dc.identifier.weblinkhttp://journals.pan.pl/Content/114869/PDF/PPB+4-19+9+Jurasi%C5%84ska.pdf?handler=pdfpl
dc.languageengpl
dc.language.containerengpl
dc.rightsUdzielam licencji. Uznanie autorstwa - Użycie niekomercyjne - Bez utworów zależnych 3.0 Polska*
dc.rights.licenceCC-BY-NC-ND
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/legalcode*
dc.share.typeotwarte czasopismo
dc.subject.ensocial attitudespl
dc.subject.enpreschool childrenpl
dc.subject.enimitationpl
dc.subject.ennonverbal behaviorspl
dc.subject.enminimal group paradigmpl
dc.subtypeArticlepl
dc.titleThe child as an observer : the influence of adults’ nonverbal messages on children’s social attitudespl
dc.title.journalPolish Psychological Bulletinpl
dc.typeJournalArticlepl
dspace.entity.typePublication
dc.abstract.enpl
Previous research showed that children can exhibit preferences for social categories already at preschool age. One of the crucial factors in the development of children’s attitudes toward others is children’s observation and imitation of adults’ nonverbal messages. The aim of our study is to examine whether children’s tendency to perceive and follow nonverbally expressed attitudes toward other people is related to ingroup bias, i.e. the tendency to favor one’s own group over other groups. We examined 175 preschool children (age in months: 61-87; M = 72.6, SD = 6.53) presenting them with a video of a conversation between a message sender and a message recipient. The study was conducted in a minimal group paradigm. We found that children accurately identified the message sender’s attitude toward the recipient and also generalized this attitude to other members of the new group. We also found explicit ingroup bias among children from the message sender’s group. However, no generalization of the sender’s attitude to other ingroup members was found. The results are discussed in reference to previous findings on the role of imitation of adult’s non-verbal behavior for the development of social attitudes among children.
dc.affiliationpl
Wydział Filozoficzny : Instytut Psychologii
dc.contributor.authorpl
Jurasińska, Anna - 193301
dc.contributor.authorpl
Bukowski, Marcin - 162096
dc.contributor.authorpl
Białecka-Pikul, Marta - 127299
dc.date.accessionpl
2020-01-29
dc.date.accessioned
2020-01-29T21:53:35Z
dc.date.available
2020-01-29T21:53:35Z
dc.date.issuedpl
2019
dc.date.openaccess
0
dc.description.accesstime
w momencie opublikowania
dc.description.numberpl
4
dc.description.physicalpl
357-367
dc.description.version
ostateczna wersja wydawcy
dc.description.volumepl
50
dc.identifier.doipl
10.24425/ppb.2019.131500
dc.identifier.eissnpl
1641-7844
dc.identifier.issnpl
0079-2993
dc.identifier.projectpl
ROD UJ / OP
dc.identifier.uri
https://ruj.uj.edu.pl/xmlui/handle/item/147908
dc.identifier.weblinkpl
http://journals.pan.pl/Content/114869/PDF/PPB+4-19+9+Jurasi%C5%84ska.pdf?handler=pdf
dc.languagepl
eng
dc.language.containerpl
eng
dc.rights*
Udzielam licencji. Uznanie autorstwa - Użycie niekomercyjne - Bez utworów zależnych 3.0 Polska
dc.rights.licence
CC-BY-NC-ND
dc.rights.uri*
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/legalcode
dc.share.type
otwarte czasopismo
dc.subject.enpl
social attitudes
dc.subject.enpl
preschool children
dc.subject.enpl
imitation
dc.subject.enpl
nonverbal behaviors
dc.subject.enpl
minimal group paradigm
dc.subtypepl
Article
dc.titlepl
The child as an observer : the influence of adults’ nonverbal messages on children’s social attitudes
dc.title.journalpl
Polish Psychological Bulletin
dc.typepl
JournalArticle
dspace.entity.type
Publication
Affiliations

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