"Per una nuova democrazia" : krytyka faszyzmu w myśli politycznej Giovanniego Amendoli

2010
journal article
article
dc.abstract.enThe study presents the political thought of one of the most prominent critics of Fascist regime, famous Italian liberal politician, publicist and journalist Giovanni Amendola 1882-1926. Particular emphasis is placed on his interpretation of Fascism as a branch of totalitarianism. Facing a progressive consolidation of Mussolini's regime, Amendola had courage to defend constitutionalism and democratic rules of state’s functioning. Mussolini called him "the black soul of opposition", perceiving Amendola as an intrepid and one of the most important critics of his regime. He was one of the first thinkers who properly understood the nature of Fascism by characterizing it as a completely novel phenomenon, as a movement which hid under the guise of creation of the stable government its imperial tendencies to establish "paternalistic absolutism" In 1924 Amendola led so-called Aventine Secession. For the purposes of uniting anti-Fascist forces, he appealed to all opposition movements to take up a "liberal battle" in defense of freedom and rule of law by establishing National Union. He condemned Fascism for its depreciation of parliamentarianism, violation of all the democratic principles and of liberal tradition, attempts to establish the "official truth" and fostering the concept of total state where lawlessness reigned. As a liberal democrat, he distanced himself from those who saw Fascism as a movement for "national revival" or merely as a "provisional extremism of nationalistic character". He claimed that only liberal-and-democratic ideals are capable of saving Italy from left-wing Bolshevism and from right-wing Fascist radicalism. Political thought of Giovanni Amendola was saturated with optimism and with firm belief that Italian nation will finally regain all its rights, reclaiming every freedom it is entitled to. That is why he considered activities aimed at achieving the "new democracy" to be his civic and intellectual obligation.pl
dc.affiliationWydział Studiów Międzynarodowych i Politycznych : Instytut Nauk Politycznych i Stosunków Międzynarodowychpl
dc.contributor.authorKiwior-Filo, Małgorzata - 102281 pl
dc.date.accession2020-04-15pl
dc.date.accessioned2020-05-14T19:02:43Z
dc.date.available2020-05-14T19:02:43Z
dc.date.issued2010pl
dc.date.openaccess0
dc.description.accesstimew momencie opublikowania
dc.description.additionalBibliogr. w przypisachpl
dc.description.physical183-193pl
dc.description.seriesActa Universitatis Wratislaviensis
dc.description.seriesnumberno 3240
dc.description.versionostateczna wersja wydawcy
dc.description.volume32pl
dc.identifier.issn0137-1126pl
dc.identifier.projectROD UJ / Opl
dc.identifier.seriesissn0239-6661
dc.identifier.urihttps://ruj.uj.edu.pl/xmlui/handle/item/155932
dc.identifier.weblinkhttp://wuwr.pl/sfzh/article/view/1075/1046pl
dc.languagepolpl
dc.language.containerpolpl
dc.rightsDodaję tylko opis bibliograficzny*
dc.rights.licenceOTHER
dc.rights.uri*
dc.share.typeotwarte czasopismo
dc.subtypeArticlepl
dc.title"Per una nuova democrazia" : krytyka faszyzmu w myśli politycznej Giovanniego Amendolipl
dc.title.alternative"Per una nuova democrazia" : critique of fascism in the political thought of Giovanni Amendolapl
dc.title.journalActa Universitatis Wratislaviensis. Studia nad Faszyzmem i Zbrodniami Hitlerowskimipl
dc.typeJournalArticlepl
dspace.entity.typePublication
dc.abstract.enpl
The study presents the political thought of one of the most prominent critics of Fascist regime, famous Italian liberal politician, publicist and journalist Giovanni Amendola 1882-1926. Particular emphasis is placed on his interpretation of Fascism as a branch of totalitarianism. Facing a progressive consolidation of Mussolini's regime, Amendola had courage to defend constitutionalism and democratic rules of state’s functioning. Mussolini called him "the black soul of opposition", perceiving Amendola as an intrepid and one of the most important critics of his regime. He was one of the first thinkers who properly understood the nature of Fascism by characterizing it as a completely novel phenomenon, as a movement which hid under the guise of creation of the stable government its imperial tendencies to establish "paternalistic absolutism" In 1924 Amendola led so-called Aventine Secession. For the purposes of uniting anti-Fascist forces, he appealed to all opposition movements to take up a "liberal battle" in defense of freedom and rule of law by establishing National Union. He condemned Fascism for its depreciation of parliamentarianism, violation of all the democratic principles and of liberal tradition, attempts to establish the "official truth" and fostering the concept of total state where lawlessness reigned. As a liberal democrat, he distanced himself from those who saw Fascism as a movement for "national revival" or merely as a "provisional extremism of nationalistic character". He claimed that only liberal-and-democratic ideals are capable of saving Italy from left-wing Bolshevism and from right-wing Fascist radicalism. Political thought of Giovanni Amendola was saturated with optimism and with firm belief that Italian nation will finally regain all its rights, reclaiming every freedom it is entitled to. That is why he considered activities aimed at achieving the "new democracy" to be his civic and intellectual obligation.
dc.affiliationpl
Wydział Studiów Międzynarodowych i Politycznych : Instytut Nauk Politycznych i Stosunków Międzynarodowych
dc.contributor.authorpl
Kiwior-Filo, Małgorzata - 102281
dc.date.accessionpl
2020-04-15
dc.date.accessioned
2020-05-14T19:02:43Z
dc.date.available
2020-05-14T19:02:43Z
dc.date.issuedpl
2010
dc.date.openaccess
0
dc.description.accesstime
w momencie opublikowania
dc.description.additionalpl
Bibliogr. w przypisach
dc.description.physicalpl
183-193
dc.description.series
Acta Universitatis Wratislaviensis
dc.description.seriesnumber
no 3240
dc.description.version
ostateczna wersja wydawcy
dc.description.volumepl
32
dc.identifier.issnpl
0137-1126
dc.identifier.projectpl
ROD UJ / O
dc.identifier.seriesissn
0239-6661
dc.identifier.uri
https://ruj.uj.edu.pl/xmlui/handle/item/155932
dc.identifier.weblinkpl
http://wuwr.pl/sfzh/article/view/1075/1046
dc.languagepl
pol
dc.language.containerpl
pol
dc.rights*
Dodaję tylko opis bibliograficzny
dc.rights.licence
OTHER
dc.rights.uri*
dc.share.type
otwarte czasopismo
dc.subtypepl
Article
dc.titlepl
"Per una nuova democrazia" : krytyka faszyzmu w myśli politycznej Giovanniego Amendoli
dc.title.alternativepl
"Per una nuova democrazia" : critique of fascism in the political thought of Giovanni Amendola
dc.title.journalpl
Acta Universitatis Wratislaviensis. Studia nad Faszyzmem i Zbrodniami Hitlerowskimi
dc.typepl
JournalArticle
dspace.entity.type
Publication
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