The epistemic imperialism of science : reinvigorating early critiques of scientism

2021
journal article
article
dc.abstract.enPositivism has had a tremendous impact on the development of the social sciences over the past two centuries. It has deeply influenced method and theory, and has seeped deeply into our broader understandings of the nature of the social sciences. Postmodernism has attempted to loosen the grip of positivism on our thinking, and while it has not been without its successes, postmodernism has worked more to deconstruct positivism than to construct something new in its place. Psychologists today perennially wrestle to find and retain their intellectual balance within the methodological, theoretical, and epistemological struggles between positivism and postmodernism. In the process, pre-postmodern criticisms of positivism have been largely forgotten. Although they remain deeply buried at the core of psychology, these early alternatives to positivism are rarely given explicit hearing today. The current piece explores some of the early critiques of positivism, particularly of its scientism, as well as early suggestions to tip the scales (back) in favor of sapientia ("wisdom"). This third option, largely overlooked within mainstream psychology, is of tremendous value today as it is both deconstructive and constructive relative to the shortcomings of positivism. It avoids the overly reductionistic "trivial order" of positivism, as well as the deeply unsatisfying and disorienting "barbaric vagueness" of postmodernism, while simultaneously embracing important core elements of both currents of thought.pl
dc.affiliationWydział Filozoficzny : Instytut Pedagogikipl
dc.contributor.authorMazur, Lucas - 351182 pl
dc.date.accession2021-01-08pl
dc.date.accessioned2021-01-08T11:22:19Z
dc.date.available2021-01-08T11:22:19Z
dc.date.issued2021pl
dc.date.openaccess0
dc.description.accesstimew momencie opublikowania
dc.description.versionostateczna wersja wydawcy
dc.description.volume11pl
dc.identifier.articleid609823pl
dc.identifier.doi10.3389/fpsyg.2020.609823pl
dc.identifier.eissn1664-1078pl
dc.identifier.projectROD UJ / OPpl
dc.identifier.urihttps://ruj.uj.edu.pl/xmlui/handle/item/259970
dc.identifier.weblinkhttps://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fpsyg.2020.609823/fullpl
dc.languageengpl
dc.language.containerengpl
dc.rightsUdzielam licencji. Uznanie autorstwa 4.0 Międzynarodowa*
dc.rights.licenceCC-BY
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode.pl*
dc.share.typeotwarte czasopismo
dc.subject.ensciencepl
dc.subject.enscientismpl
dc.subject.enpositivismpl
dc.subject.enpostmodernismpl
dc.subject.ensapientiapl
dc.subject.enwisdompl
dc.subject.enepistemologypl
dc.subtypeArticlepl
dc.titleThe epistemic imperialism of science : reinvigorating early critiques of scientismpl
dc.title.journalFrontiers in Psychologypl
dc.typeJournalArticlepl
dspace.entity.typePublication
dc.abstract.enpl
Positivism has had a tremendous impact on the development of the social sciences over the past two centuries. It has deeply influenced method and theory, and has seeped deeply into our broader understandings of the nature of the social sciences. Postmodernism has attempted to loosen the grip of positivism on our thinking, and while it has not been without its successes, postmodernism has worked more to deconstruct positivism than to construct something new in its place. Psychologists today perennially wrestle to find and retain their intellectual balance within the methodological, theoretical, and epistemological struggles between positivism and postmodernism. In the process, pre-postmodern criticisms of positivism have been largely forgotten. Although they remain deeply buried at the core of psychology, these early alternatives to positivism are rarely given explicit hearing today. The current piece explores some of the early critiques of positivism, particularly of its scientism, as well as early suggestions to tip the scales (back) in favor of sapientia ("wisdom"). This third option, largely overlooked within mainstream psychology, is of tremendous value today as it is both deconstructive and constructive relative to the shortcomings of positivism. It avoids the overly reductionistic "trivial order" of positivism, as well as the deeply unsatisfying and disorienting "barbaric vagueness" of postmodernism, while simultaneously embracing important core elements of both currents of thought.
dc.affiliationpl
Wydział Filozoficzny : Instytut Pedagogiki
dc.contributor.authorpl
Mazur, Lucas - 351182
dc.date.accessionpl
2021-01-08
dc.date.accessioned
2021-01-08T11:22:19Z
dc.date.available
2021-01-08T11:22:19Z
dc.date.issuedpl
2021
dc.date.openaccess
0
dc.description.accesstime
w momencie opublikowania
dc.description.version
ostateczna wersja wydawcy
dc.description.volumepl
11
dc.identifier.articleidpl
609823
dc.identifier.doipl
10.3389/fpsyg.2020.609823
dc.identifier.eissnpl
1664-1078
dc.identifier.projectpl
ROD UJ / OP
dc.identifier.uri
https://ruj.uj.edu.pl/xmlui/handle/item/259970
dc.identifier.weblinkpl
https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fpsyg.2020.609823/full
dc.languagepl
eng
dc.language.containerpl
eng
dc.rights*
Udzielam licencji. Uznanie autorstwa 4.0 Międzynarodowa
dc.rights.licence
CC-BY
dc.rights.uri*
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode.pl
dc.share.type
otwarte czasopismo
dc.subject.enpl
science
dc.subject.enpl
scientism
dc.subject.enpl
positivism
dc.subject.enpl
postmodernism
dc.subject.enpl
sapientia
dc.subject.enpl
wisdom
dc.subject.enpl
epistemology
dc.subtypepl
Article
dc.titlepl
The epistemic imperialism of science : reinvigorating early critiques of scientism
dc.title.journalpl
Frontiers in Psychology
dc.typepl
JournalArticle
dspace.entity.type
Publication

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